Browse Definitions :
Definition

supercomputer center

In general, a supercomputer center is a site with a supercomputer that is shared by a number of other sites, usually research sites. Formerly, in the United States, there were five supercomputer centers interconnected on the vBNS, a special backbone network financed by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and operated by MCI for the exclusive use of designated research centers. On October 1, 1997, the five supercomputer centers were replaced by two new NSF-funded programs. The new program, Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure (PACI), named two of the former supercomputer center sites as focuses for a new scientific technology infrastructure (known as the National Technology Grid) that would interconnect 50 university and scientific sites.

The first of the two NSF-funded programs is the National Computational Science Alliance (Alliance), being led by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) in Urbana, Illinois. The second program, the National Partnership for an Advanced Computational Infrastructure (NPACI) is led by the San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California at San Diego. The earlier supercomputer center program emphasized supercomputer access from researchers' desktops. The new program aims to exploit the entire World Wide Web as a new "computer-mediated center of knowledge." Part of that program is to develop a wired superstructure, referred to as the National Technology Grid, that will enable very high-bandwidth applications such as virtual reality environments.

This was last updated in May 2008

Continue Reading About supercomputer center

SearchNetworking
  • network packet

    A network packet is a basic unit of data that's grouped together and transferred over a computer network, typically a ...

  • virtual network functions (VNFs)

    Virtual network functions (VNFs) are virtualized tasks formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware.

  • network functions virtualization (NFV)

    Network functions virtualization (NFV) is a network architecture model designed to virtualize network services that have ...

SearchSecurity
  • MICR (magnetic ink character recognition)

    MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) is a technology invented in the 1950s that's used to verify the legitimacy or ...

  • What is cybersecurity?

    Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems such as hardware, software and data from cyberthreats.

  • Android System WebView

    Android System WebView is a system component for the Android operating system (OS) that allows Android apps to display web ...

SearchCIO
  • privacy compliance

    Privacy compliance is a company's accordance with established personal information protection guidelines, specifications or ...

  • contingent workforce

    A contingent workforce is a labor pool whose members are hired by an organization on an on-demand basis.

  • product development (new product development -- NPD)

    Product development, also called new product management, is a series of steps that includes the conceptualization, design, ...

SearchHRSoftware
  • talent acquisition

    Talent acquisition is the strategic process employers use to analyze their long-term talent needs in the context of business ...

  • employee retention

    Employee retention is the organizational goal of keeping productive and talented workers and reducing turnover by fostering a ...

  • hybrid work model

    A hybrid work model is a workforce structure that includes employees who work remotely and those who work on site, in a company's...

SearchCustomerExperience
  • Salesforce Trailhead

    Salesforce Trailhead is a series of online tutorials that coach beginner and intermediate developers who need to learn how to ...

  • Salesforce

    Salesforce, Inc. is a cloud computing and social enterprise software-as-a-service (SaaS) provider based in San Francisco.

  • data clean room

    A data clean room is a technology service that helps content platforms keep first person user data private when interacting with ...

Close