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Amazon Web Services (AWS)

This glossary contains definitions related to developing, deploying or selling applications and services on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) platform. Some definitions explain the meaning of words used in the deployment of private and hybrid clouds. Other definitions are related to the software tools and strategies that IT departments use when partnering with Amazon and using AWS as a primary or secondary IT infrastructure.

  • Amazon AI - Amazon AI is a set of artificial intelligence services that offer machine and deep learning technologies for Amazon Web Services (AWS) developers and users.
  • Amazon API Gateway - Amazon API Gateway is an Amazon Web Services (AWS) feature that enables developers to connect non-AWS applications to AWS back-end resources, such as servers and code.
  • Amazon Athena - Amazon Athena is a service that enables a data analyst to perform interactive queries in the web-based cloud storage service, Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3).
  • Amazon Braket - Amazon Braket is a fully managed AWS cloud service designed to allow users remote access to a single development environment for quantum computers.
  • Amazon Chime - Amazon Chime is a real-time audio, video conferencing and collaboration service hosted by Amazon Web Services (AWS).
  • Amazon Cloud Drive - Amazon Cloud Drive is an online storage service that allows users to upload and access music, videos, documents and photos from Web-connected devices.
  • Amazon CloudFront - Amazon CloudFront is a content delivery service that works in conjunction with other Amazon Web Services (AWS) to provide developers with a simple way to distribute content to end users.
  • Amazon Cognito - Amazon Cognito is an Amazon Web Services product that controls user authentication and access for mobile applications on internet-connected devices.
  • Amazon Comprehend - Amazon Comprehend is a natural language processing (NLP) service that uses machine learning to analyze and find relationships in text.
  • Amazon Connect - Amazon Connect is an Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud customer contact center service.
  • Amazon EBS (Elastic Block Store) - Amazon Elastic Block Store is a cloud-based block storage system provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS) that is best used for storing persistent data.
  • Amazon EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web-based service that allows businesses to run application programs in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.
  • Amazon EC2 Dedicated Hosts - Amazon EC2 Dedicated Hosts are servers with virtual machine capacity dedicated to one Amazon Web Services customer, instead of sharing server capacity with other customers.
  • Amazon EC2 Elastic GPUs - Amazon EC2 Elastic GPUs are virtual machines (VMs), also known as compute instances, in the Amazon Web Services public cloud with added graphics acceleration capabilities.
  • Amazon EC2 instance - An Amazon EC2 instance is a virtual server in Amazon's Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) for running applications on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) infrastructure.
  • Amazon EC2 Simple Systems Manager - The Amazon EC2 Simple Systems Manager allows a developer to automatically configure instances via the EC2 Run Command and SSM Config features.
  • Amazon Echo - Amazon Echo is a product line of hands-free speaker and virtual assistant devices that interact with an end user via the Amazon Alexa cloud-based voice service.
  • Amazon EFS (Elastic File System) - Amazon EFS (Elastic File System) is a cloud-based file storage service for applications and workloads that run in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.
  • Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) - Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS) is a cloud computing service in Amazon Web Services (AWS) that manages containers and allows developers to run applications in the cloud without having to configure an environment for the code to run in.
  • Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) - Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) is a cloud-based container management service that natively integrates with Kubernetes to deploy applications.
  • Amazon ElastiCache - Amazon ElastiCache is a fully managed caching service.
  • Amazon EMR (Elastic MapReduce) - Amazon EMR (previously known as Amazon Elastic MapReduce) is an Amazon Web Services (AWS) tool for big data processing and analysis.
  • Amazon Glacier - Amazon Glacier, also known as Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) Glacier, is a low-cost cloud storage service for data with longer retrieval times offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS).
  • Amazon Go - Amazon Go is an e-commerce mobile application that enables consumers to purchase items in physical stores without waiting in lines or checking out with registers.
  • Amazon GuardDuty - Amazon GuardDuty is a managed cloud security monitoring service that detects behavior or threats that can compromise Amazon Web Services (AWS) accounts, resources or workloads.
  • Amazon Inspector - Amazon Inspector is an AWS tool that automatically assesses a customer's AWS cloud deployment for security vulnerabilities and deficiencies.
  • Amazon Key - Amazon Key is a service that allows delivery drivers to gain access to an Amazon Prime customer's home or place of business during specified times.
  • Amazon Kinesis - Amazon Kinesis is the fully managed Amazon Web Service (AWS) offering for real-time processing of big data.
  • Amazon Kinesis Firehose - Amazon Kinesis Firehose captures and loads streaming data in storage and business intelligence tools to enable near real-time analytics in the Amazon Web Services cloud.
  • Amazon Lex - Amazon Lex is an artificial intelligence (AI) web service.
  • Amazon Lightsail - Amazon Lightsail is an Amazon cloud service that offers bundles of cloud compute power and memory for new or less experienced cloud users.
  • Amazon Machine Image (AMI) - An Amazon Machine Image (AMI) is a master image for the creation of virtual servers -- known as EC2 instances -- in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) environment.
  • Amazon Machine Learning - Amazon Machine Learning is an Amazon Web Services product that allows a developer to discover patterns in end-user data through algorithms, construct mathematical models based on these patterns and then create and implement predictive applications.
  • Amazon Macie - Amazon Macie is a cloud security tool that uses machine learning to identify and protect sensitive data stored in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.
  • Amazon Personalize - Amazon Personalize is a low-code recommendation engine that can generate custom recommendations for any application running on Amazon Web Services (AWS) infrastructure.
  • Amazon Polly - Amazon Polly is a text-to-speech service within the Amazon Web Services cloud platform.
  • Amazon QuickSight - Amazon QuickSight is a machine learning-powered business intelligence service built for the cloud under the Amazon Web Services (AWS) umbrella.
  • Amazon RDS (Relational Database Service) - Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) is a managed SQL database service provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS).
  • Amazon Redshift - Amazon Redshift is a fully managed petabyte-scale data warehouse service.
  • Amazon Redshift Spectrum - Amazon Redshift Spectrum is a feature within Amazon Web Services' Redshift data warehousing service that lets a data analyst conduct fast, complex analysis on objects stored on the AWS cloud.
  • Amazon Route 53 - Amazon Route 53 is a scalable domain name system (DNS) service intended to give business and developers a reliable way to direct end users to applications.
  • Amazon Route 53 Traffic Flow - Amazon Route 53 Traffic Flow is a domain name system (DNS) service that allows an Amazon Web Services customer to define how end-user traffic is routed to application endpoints through a visual interface.
  • Amazon S3 bucket - An Amazon S3 bucket is a public cloud storage resource available in Amazon Web Services' (AWS) Simple Storage Service (S3), an object storage offering.
  • Amazon SageMaker - Amazon SageMaker is a managed service in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.
  • Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) - Amazon Simple Email Service is a pay-per-use service that allows you to build in email functionality into an application that you are running on AWS.
  • Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) - Amazon Simple Notification Service (SNS) is a simple, fully-managed “push” messaging service that allows users to push texts, alerts or notifications, like an auto-reply message, or a notification that a package has shipped.
  • Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) - Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) is a managed message queuing service technical professionals and developers use to send, store and retrieve multiple messages of various sizes asynchronously.
  • Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) - Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) is a scalable, high-speed, web-based cloud storage service.
  • Amazon Transcribe - Amazon Transcribe is a speech recognition service that transcribes audio files into text.
  • Amazon Translate - Amazon Translate is a cloud service for changing large amounts of text written in one language to another language.
  • Amazon Trust Services - Amazon Trust Services is a certificate authority created and operated by Amazon Web Services.
  • Amazon Web Services (AWS) - AWS (Amazon Web Services) is a comprehensive, evolving cloud computing platform provided by Amazon that includes a mixture of infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), platform-as-a-service (PaaS) and packaged-software-as-a-service (SaaS) offerings.
  • Amazon Web Services (AWS) Identity and Access Management (IAM) - Amazon Web Services (AWS) Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a directory service designed for tracking system users and providing ways of keeping track of information about how they get authenticated.
  • Amazon's data-flow PaaS: AppStream and Kinesis - Learn why AppStream and Kinesis are different kinds of data flow services.
Networking
  • network traffic

    Network traffic is the amount of data that moves across a network during any given time.

  • dynamic and static

    In general, dynamic means 'energetic, capable of action and/or change, or forceful,' while static means 'stationary or fixed.'

  • MAC address (media access control address)

    A MAC address (media access control address) is a 12-digit hexadecimal number assigned to each device connected to the network.

Security
  • Evil Corp

    Evil Corp is an international cybercrime network that uses malicious software to steal money from victims' bank accounts and to ...

  • Trojan horse

    In computing, a Trojan horse is a program downloaded and installed on a computer that appears harmless, but is, in fact, ...

  • quantum key distribution (QKD)

    Quantum key distribution (QKD) is a secure communication method for exchanging encryption keys only known between shared parties.

CIO
  • green IT (green information technology)

    Green IT (green information technology) is the practice of creating and using environmentally sustainable computing.

  • benchmark

    A benchmark is a standard or point of reference people can use to measure something else.

  • spatial computing

    Spatial computing broadly characterizes the processes and tools used to capture, process and interact with 3D data.

HRSoftware
  • learning experience platform (LXP)

    A learning experience platform (LXP) is an AI-driven peer learning experience platform delivered using software as a service (...

  • talent acquisition

    Talent acquisition is the strategic process employers use to analyze their long-term talent needs in the context of business ...

  • employee retention

    Employee retention is the organizational goal of keeping productive and talented workers and reducing turnover by fostering a ...

Customer Experience
  • BOPIS (buy online, pick up in-store)

    BOPIS (buy online, pick up in-store) is a business model that allows consumers to shop and place orders online and then pick up ...

  • real-time analytics

    Real-time analytics is the use of data and related resources for analysis as soon as it enters the system.

  • database marketing

    Database marketing is a systematic approach to the gathering, consolidation and processing of consumer data.

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