AWS Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing AWS and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

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  • A

    AWS Secrets Manager

    AWS Secrets Manager is a security service to centrally manage sensitive information and eliminate the need to hard-code that information into an application.

  • AWS Serverless Application Model (AWS SAM)

    AWS Serverless Application Model (AWS SAM) is a framework a developer can use to create and deploy serverless applications that run on Amazon's cloud.

  • AWS Service Catalog (Amazon Web Services Service Catalog)

    The AWS Service Catalog (Amazon Web Services Service Catalog) is a product that allows cloud administrators to provision applications for end users by setting configurations within product portfolios.

  • AWS Shield

    AWS Shield is a security service that protects web applications hosted on the Amazon Web Services public cloud against distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks.

  • AWS Single Sign-On (AWS SSO)

    AWS Single Sign-On (AWS SSO) is a service from Amazon Web Services that enables IT to manage user access to multiple applications and AWS accounts from a single, centralized console.

  • AWS Snowball Edge

    AWS Snowball Edge is a physical appliance intended to help an enterprise migrate large volumes of data into and off of the AWS public cloud.

  • AWS Spot Fleets (Amazon Web Services Spot Fleets)

    An AWS Spot Fleet (Amazon Web Services Spot Fleets) is a collection of virtual servers (instances) purchased at reduced rates within Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2). EC2 also manages those servers.

  • AWS Spot Instance

    AWS Spot Instance is a purchasing option that allows a customer to purchase unused Amazon EC2 computer capacity at a highly-reduced rate.  

  • AWS Step Functions

    AWS Step Functions is a cloud service from Amazon Web Services that enables a developer to manage and visualize the components of distributed, multi-component applications.

  • AWS Storage Gateway (Amazon Web Services Storage Gateway)

    AWS Storage Gateway securely transfers application data between on-premises software and cloud-based storage to improve application scalability and help an enterprise save costs.

  • AWS Support (Amazon Web Services Support)

    AWS Support provides advice and tools for developers in the AWS cloud. The service is billed monthly and has four tiers of support plans.

  • AWS Trusted Advisor (Amazon Web Services Trusted Advisor)

    AWS Trusted Advisor is a product that allows a cloud administrator to provision Amazon Web Services resources according to best practices in four categories: cost optimization, security, fault tolerance and performance improvement.

  • AWS Web Application Firewall (AWS WAF)

    AWS Web Application Firewall (WAF) is a security system that controls incoming and outgoing traffic for applications and websites based in the Amazon Web Services public cloud.

  • AWS X-Ray

    AWS X-Ray is an application performance management service that enables a developer to analyze and debug applications in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.

  • B

    Boto

    Boto is a software development kit (SDK) designed to improve the use of the Python programming language in Amazon Web Services. The Boto project started as a customer-contributed library to help developers build Python-based applications in the cloud, converting application programming interface (API) responses from AWS into Python classes.

  • C

    AWS CloudWatch

    Amazon CloudWatch is a component of Amazon Web Services that provides monitoring for AWS resources and the customer applications running on the Amazon infrastructure.

  • E

    Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)

    Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) is a load-balancing service for Amazon Web Services (AWS) deployments.

  • F

    Firecracker

    Firecracker is a light-weight virtualization technology open sourced by Amazon Web Services.

  • G

    Google App Engine

    Google App Engine (GAE) is a platform-as-a-service product that provides web app developers and enterprises with access to Google's scalable hosting and tier 1 internet service.

  • Google Compute Engine

    Google Compute Engine (GCE) is an infrastructure as a service (IaaS) offering that allows clients to run workloads on Google's physical hardware.

  • I

    IT chargeback / showback

    IT chargeback is an accounting strategy that applies the costs of IT services, hardware or software to the business unit in which they are used. IT showback is similar to IT chargeback, but the charges are for informational purposes only and no one is billed.

  • S

    S3 Intelligent-Tiering

    S3 Intelligent-Tiering is an Amazon S3 storage class that analyzes an AWS user's stored data and automatically moves it between storage tiers based on usage frequency.

  • Amazon's data-flow PaaS: AppStream and Kinesis

    Learn why AppStream and Kinesis are different kinds of data flow services.

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