What is a cloud IDE?
A cloud IDE is a web-based integrated development platform.
A cloud-based IDE is a programming environment that has been packaged as an application, typically consisting of a code editor, a compiler, a debugger and a graphical user interface (GUI) builder. Enterprises can either create a new IDE to run only in the cloud or transform a local IDE to run in cloud.
Frequently, these IDEs are not only cloud-based but also designed for the creation of cloud apps. However, some cloud IDEs are optimized for the creation of native apps for smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices.
Benefits and drawbacks of a cloud-based IDE
One of the main benefits of cloud-based IDEs is they are accessible from anywhere in the world, from any compatible device, via remote access. This enables better collaboration among geographically dispersed developers. Other benefits include the following:
- easier setup process
- standardized workspaces
- reduced project times
- cost savings
However, some drawbacks include the following:
- change in culture
- vender lock-in
The emergence of HTML 5 is often cited as a key enabler of cloud IDEs because that standard supports browser-based development. Other key factors include the increasing trends toward portability, cloud computing and open source software.
Popular cloud-native IDEs include AWS Cloud9, Google Cloud Shell Editor and Microsoft Azure Notebooks. Some third-part options include Codeanywhere, Repl.it and Codenvy.