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WannaMine cryptojacker targets unpatched EternalBlue flaw
Unpatched systems are still being targeted by the WannaMine cryptojacker, despite warnings and global cyberattacks using the EternalBlue exploit leaked from the NSA.
New research detailed successful cryptojacking attacks by WannaMine malware after almost one year of warnings about this specific cryptominer and more than a year and a half of warnings about the EternalBlue exploit.
The Cybereason Nocturnus research team and Amit Serper, head of security research for the Boston-based cybersecurity company, discovered a new outbreak of the WannaMine cryptojacker, which the researchers said gains access to computer systems "through an unpatched [Server Message Block, or SMB] service and gains code execution with high privileges" to spread to more systems.
Serper noted in a blog post that neither WannaMine nor the EternalBlue exploit are new, but they are still taking advantage of those unpatched SMB services, even though Microsoft patched against EternalBlue in March 2017.
"Until organizations patch and update their computers, they'll continue to see attackers use these exploits for a simple reason: they lead to successful campaigns," Serper wrote in the blog post. "Part of giving the defenders an advantage means making the attacker's job more difficult by taking steps to boost an organization's security. Patching vulnerabilities, especially the ones associated with EternalBlue, falls into this category."
Jake Williamsfounder and CEO, Rendition Infosec
The EternalBlue exploit was famously part of the Shadow Brokers dump of National Security Agency cyberweapons in April 2017; less than one month later, the WannaCry ransomware was sweeping the globe and infecting unpatched systems. However, that was only the beginning for EternalBlue.
EternalBlue was added into other ransomware, like GandCrab, to help it spread faster. It was morphed into Petya. And there were constant warnings for IT to patch vulnerable systems.
WannaMine was first spotted in October 2017 by Panda Security. And in January 2018, Sophos warned users that WannaMine was still active and preying on unpatched systems. According to researchers at ESET, the EternalBlue exploit saw a spike in use in April 2018.
Jake Williams, founder and CEO of Rendition Infosec, based in Augusta, Ga., said there are many ways threat actors may use EternalBlue in attacks.
"It is fair to say that any unpatched system with SMB exposed to the internet has been compromised repeatedly and is definitely infected with one or more forms of malware," Williams wrote via Twitter direct message. "Cryptojackers are certainly one risk for these systems. These systems don't have much power for crypto-mining (most lack dedicated GPUs), but when compromised en-masse they can generate some profit for the attacker. More concerning in some cases are the use of these systems for malware command and control servers and launching points for other attacks."