Browse Definitions :
Definition

SOLID (software design principles)

SOLID is a mnemonic acronym for a set of design principles created for software development in object-oriented languages.

The principles in SOLID are intended to foster simpler, more robust and updatable code from software developers. Each letter in SOLID corresponds to a principle for development:

  • Single responsibility
  • Open/closed
  • Liskov substitution
  • Interface segregation
  • Dependency inversion

The Single responsibility principle, created by Robert C. Martin, states that a class should have one, and only one, reason to change. This principle ensures that any class should have only one function, to help ease updating and limit the possible complications by future changes. The principle can be applied to software components or microservices tools.

The Open/closed principle ensures that software entities be open to extension but closed for modification. Bertrand Meyer is mainly credited with the creation of this principle, which focuses on making the abilities of a class easy to enhance by extension but prevents possible complications that could be brought about by modifying the entity and affecting dependencies of other functions that rely on it.

The Liskov principle stipulates that objects of the same type be replaceable with others from this same category without altering function of the program. Created by Barabara Liskov, this principle ensures that more effective means of performing a task can be switched to without unduly affecting the program or requiring substantial code updates.

The Interface segregation principle stipulates that the application’s interfaces should always be kept smaller and separate from one another. This principle ensures that clients need only familiarize themselves with functionality of methods or interfaces that are used, so they can respectively be updated without one complicating the other. This separation made by layers of abstraction provides space to document functionality while avoiding the coupling of dependencies in code.

The Dependency inversion principle specifies a form of decoupling dependencies in code. In dependency inversion, the dependencies in high-level code that set policies are inverted to the low-level dependency modules. This separates the high-level code from the details of low-level modules.

SOLID software design principles

While ideas for the SOLID principles were developed in 1995 by Robert C. Martin, co-author of the Agile Manifesto, the acronym was coined by Michael Feathers in the early 2000s as a way to remember the concepts. Other popular software development methodologies include Agile, KISS Principle, GRASP (General Responsibility Assignment Software Principles) and the DRY principle.

This was last updated in October 2018

Continue Reading About SOLID (software design principles)

SearchNetworking
  • network packet

    A network packet is a basic unit of data that's grouped together and transferred over a computer network, typically a ...

  • virtual network functions (VNFs)

    Virtual network functions (VNFs) are virtualized tasks formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware.

  • network functions virtualization (NFV)

    Network functions virtualization (NFV) is a network architecture model designed to virtualize network services that have ...

SearchSecurity
  • Android System WebView

    Android System WebView is a system component for the Android operating system (OS) that allows Android apps to display web ...

  • data masking

    Data masking is a method of creating a structurally similar but inauthentic version of an organization's data that can be used ...

  • computer worm

    A computer worm is a type of malware whose primary function is to self-replicate and infect other computers while remaining ...

SearchCIO
  • privacy compliance

    Privacy compliance is a company's accordance with established personal information protection guidelines, specifications or ...

  • contingent workforce

    A contingent workforce is a labor pool whose members are hired by an organization on an on-demand basis.

  • product development (new product development -- NPD)

    Product development, also called new product management, is a series of steps that includes the conceptualization, design, ...

SearchHRSoftware
  • talent acquisition

    Talent acquisition is the strategic process employers use to analyze their long-term talent needs in the context of business ...

  • employee retention

    Employee retention is the organizational goal of keeping productive and talented workers and reducing turnover by fostering a ...

  • hybrid work model

    A hybrid work model is a workforce structure that includes employees who work remotely and those who work on site, in a company's...

SearchCustomerExperience
  • Salesforce Trailhead

    Salesforce Trailhead is a series of online tutorials that coach beginner and intermediate developers who need to learn how to ...

  • Salesforce

    Salesforce, Inc. is a cloud computing and social enterprise software-as-a-service (SaaS) provider based in San Francisco.

  • data clean room

    A data clean room is a technology service that helps content platforms keep first person user data private when interacting with ...

Close