Windows Server Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing Microsoft Windows Server and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

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  • W

    Windows Server 2012 (WS 2012)

    Windows Server 2012, formerly codenamed Windows Server 8, is the latest version of Windows Server.

  • Windows Server Backup

    Windows Server Backup is a feature that offers backup and recovery options for Windows Server environments.

  • Windows Server Client Access License (CAL)

    A Windows Server Client Access License (CAL) is a license that gives a user or device the right to access services from a server running the Windows Server operating system.

  • Windows Server Core

    Windows Server Core is a minimal installation option for the Windows Server operating system (OS) that has no GUI and only includes the components required to perform server roles and run applications.

  • Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC)

    Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) enables several computers to host a service, and if one has a fault, the remaining computers automatically take over the hosting of the service.

  • Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)

    Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) is a Windows server role that can plan, manage and deploy updates, patches and hotfixes for Windows servers, client operating systems and other Microsoft software.

  • Windows Sharepoint Services (WSS)

    Windows Sharepoint Services (WSS) is a portal-based platform for creating, managing and sharing documents and customized Web services. WSS is available as a free download included with every Windows Server license.

  • Windows Sysinternals

    Windows Sysinternals is a suite of more than 70 freeware utilities that was initially developed by Mark Russinovich and Bryce Cogswell that is used to monitor, manage and troubleshoot the Windows operating system, and which Microsoft now owns and hosts on its TechNet site.

  • Winsock

    Winsock is a programming interface and the supporting program that handles input/output requests for Internet applications in a Windows operating system.

  • WinZip

    WinZip is a Windows program that lets you archive and compress files so that you can store or distribute them more efficiently.

  • wizard

    A wizard is a computer utility designed to simplify the execution of lengthy or complicated tasks... (Continued)

  • Workplace Join

    Workplace Join is a tool in Windows Server 2012 R2 that allows a Windows 8.1 device to gain access to specific network resources. 

  • X

    x86

    x86 is a generic name for the series of Intel microprocessor families that began with the 80286 microprocessor.

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