National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII)

The National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) was a healthcare standardization initiative for the development of an interoperable health information technology system. 

First proposed under President George W. Bush,  the goal of NHII was to build an interoperable system of clinical, public health and health information technology (;personal health information. In doing so, the NHII hoped to improve patient safety and health care quality while better understanding health care costs.

To meet its objectives, the NHII encouraged the use of <a href=">HIT) that encouraged public-private collaboration with the federal government in a leadership role.  The federal government was to provide financial incentives for the electronic collection of data.

The NHII has since evolved to become the Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN), while the use of financial incentives to stimulate the meaningful use of electronic health record (EHR) systems became the cornerstone of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, or HITECH Act.

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This was last updated in October 2010

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