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Data analytics and AI

This glossary contains definitions related to customer data analytics, predictive analytics, data visualization and operational business intelligence. Some definitions explain the meaning of words used to Hadoop and other software tools used in big data analytics. Other definitions are related to the strategies that business intelligence professionals, data scientists, statisticians and data analysts use to make data-driven decisions.

Algorithms

Terms related to procedures or formulas for solving a problem by conducting a sequence of specified actions. In computing, algorithms in the form of mathematical instructions play an important part in search, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning.

  • vertical bar

    The vertical bar ( | ) is a symbol used in mathematics, computing and other areas to represent a specific type of logic or operation, depending on its context.

  • operator

    In mathematics and computer programming, an operator is a character that represents a specific mathematical or logical action or process.

  • operation (computing)

    An operation, in computing, is an action that is carried out to accomplish a given task.

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Artificial intelligence

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

  • Consensus Algorithm

    A consensus algorithm is a process in computer science used to achieve agreement on a single data value among distributed processes or systems.

  • AI winter

    AI winter is a quiet period for artificial intelligence research and development.

  • truncation error

    A truncation error is the difference between an actual and a truncated, or cut-off, value.

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Data and data management

Terms related to data, including definitions about data warehousing and words and phrases about data management.

  • GPS coordinates

    GPS coordinates are a unique identifier of a precise geographic location on the earth, usually expressed in alphanumeric characters.

  • data clean room

    A data clean room is a technology service that helps content platforms keep first person user data private when interacting with advertising providers.

  • Consensus Algorithm

    A consensus algorithm is a process in computer science used to achieve agreement on a single data value among distributed processes or systems.

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Database management

Terms related to databases, including definitions about relational databases and words and phrases about database management.

  • database as a service (DBaaS)

    Database as a service (DBaaS) is a cloud computing managed service offering that provides access to a database without requiring the setup of physical hardware, the installation of software or the need to configure the database.

  • Spine-leaf (spine-leaf architecture)

    Spine-leaf, or leaf-spine, is a two-layer network topology composed of spine and leaf switches.

  • What is a cloud database? An in-depth cloud DBMS guide

    A cloud database is an organized and managed collection of data in an IT system that resides on a public, private or hybrid cloud computing platform.

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SearchNetworking
  • network packet

    A network packet is a basic unit of data that's grouped together and transferred over a computer network, typically a ...

  • virtual network functions (VNFs)

    Virtual network functions (VNFs) are virtualized tasks formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware.

  • network functions virtualization (NFV)

    Network functions virtualization (NFV) is a network architecture model designed to virtualize network services that have ...

SearchSecurity
SearchCIO
SearchHRSoftware
  • recruitment

    Recruitment is the process of finding, screening, hiring and eventually onboarding qualified job candidates.

  • recruitment management system

    A recruitment management system (RMS) is a set of tools designed to manage the recruiting process.

  • applicant tracking system (ATS)

    An applicant tracking system (ATS) is software that manages the recruiting and hiring process, including job postings and job ...

SearchCustomerExperience
  • data clean room

    A data clean room is a technology service that helps content platforms keep first person user data private when interacting with ...

  • recommerce

    Recommerce is the selling of previously owned items through online marketplaces to buyers who reuse, recycle or resell them.

  • implementation

    Implementation is the execution or practice of a plan, a method or any design, idea, model, specification, standard or policy for...

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