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Artificial intelligence

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

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  • advanced analytics - Advanced analytics is a broad category of inquiry that can be used to help drive changes and improvements in business practices.
  • adversarial machine learning - Adversarial machine learning is a technique used in machine learning to fool or misguide a model with malicious input.
  • AI democratization - AI democratization is the spread of artificial intelligence development to a wider user base that includes those without specialized knowledge of AI.
  • AI ethics (AI code of ethics) - AI ethics is a system of moral principles and techniques intended to inform the development and responsible use of artificial intelligence technology.
  • AI governance - AI governance is the idea that there should be a legal framework for ensuring that machine learning (ML) technologies are well researched and developed with the goal of helping humanity navigate the adoption of AI systems fairly.
  • AI winter - AI winter is a quiet period for artificial intelligence research and development.
  • algorithm - An algorithm is a procedure used for solving a problem or performing a computation.
  • algorithmic transparency - Algorithmic transparency is openness about the purpose, structure and underlying actions of the algorithms used to search for, process and deliver information.
  • AlphaGo - AlphaGo is an artificial intelligence agent that is specialized to play Go, a Chinese game of strategy, against human competitors.
  • Amazon AI - Amazon AI is a set of artificial intelligence services that offer machine and deep learning technologies for Amazon Web Services (AWS) developers and users.
  • Amazon Lex - Amazon Lex is an artificial intelligence (AI) web service.
  • Amazon Machine Learning - Amazon Machine Learning is an Amazon Web Services product that allows a developer to discover patterns in end-user data through algorithms, construct mathematical models based on these patterns and then create and implement predictive applications.
  • ambient intelligence (AmI) - Ambient intelligence (AmI) is the element of a pervasive computing environment that enables it to interact with and respond appropriately to the humans in that environment.
  • artificial general intelligence (AGI) - Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the representation of generalized human cognitive abilities in software so that, faced with an unfamiliar task, the AI system could find a solution.
  • Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) - Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) is the third-party offering of artificial intelligence (AI) outsourcing.
  • artificial intelligence of things (AIoT) - The artificial intelligence of things (AIoT) is the combination of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies and the internet of things (IoT) infrastructure.
  • artificial neuron - An artificial neuron is a connection point in an artificial neural network.
  • artificial superintelligence (ASI) - Artificial superintelligence (ASI) entails having a software-based system with intellectual powers beyond those of humans across a comprehensive range of categories and fields of endeavor.
  • Asilomar AI Principles - Asilomar AI Principles are 23 main beliefs for guiding the research and development of artificial intelligence (AI).
  • assistive technology (adaptive technology) - Assistive technology is a set of devices intended to help people who have disabilities.
  • association rules - Association rules are 'if-then' statements, that help to show the probability of relationships between data items, within large data sets in various types of databases.
  • augmented analytics - Augmented analytics is the use of machine learning (ML) and natural language processing (NLP) to enhance data analytics, data sharing and business intelligence.
  • automated machine learning (AutoML) - Automated machine learning is the process of applying machine learning models to real-world problems using automation.
  • automated reasoning - Automated reasoning is the area of computer science that is concerned with applying reasoning in the form of logic to computing systems.
  • backpropagation algorithm - Backpropagation, or backward propagation of errors, is an algorithm that is designed to test for errors working back from output nodes to input nodes.
  • backward chaining - Backward chaining is the logical process of inferring unknown truths from known conclusions by moving backward from a solution to determine the initial conditions and rules.
  • BERT language model - BERT is an open source machine learning framework for natural language processing (NLP).
  • big data - Big data is a combination of structured, semistructured and unstructured data collected by organizations that can be mined for information and used in machine learning projects, predictive modeling and other advanced analytics applications.
  • big data analytics - Big data analytics is the often complex process of examining big data to uncover information -- such as hidden patterns, correlations, market trends and customer preferences -- that can help organizations make informed business decisions.
  • black box AI - Black box AI is any artificial intelligence system whose inputs and workings are not accessible to the user or another interested party.
  • Boolean - In computing, the term Boolean means a result that can only have one of two possible values: true or false.
  • brain-computer interface (BCI) - Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a collaboration between a brain and a device that enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, such as control of a cursor or a prosthetic limb.
  • case-based reasoning (CBR) - Case-based reasoning (CBR) is an experience-based approach to solving new problems by adapting previously successful solutions to similar problems.
  • cellular automaton (CA) - A cellular automaton (CA) is a collection of cells arranged in a grid of specified shape, such that each cell changes state as a function of time, according to a defined set of rules driven by the states of neighboring cells.
  • chat room - A chat room is an online platform that enables users to communicate with each other in real time.
  • chatbot - A chatbot is a software or computer program that simulates the human conversation or "chatter" through text or voice interactions.
  • chatting - While the term chatting or chitchat refers in general to communication between two or more parties that can occur in person, in today's modern age, it can also occur over the internet via Short Message Service (SMS) text message and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) or, for example, through tools like Slack and Microsoft Teams and social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter.
  • cognitive automation - Cognitive automation describes diverse ways of combining artificial intelligence (AI) and process automation capabilities to improve business outcomes.
  • cognitive bias - Cognitive bias is a systematic thought process caused by the tendency of the human brain to simplify information processing through a filter of personal experience and preferences.
  • cognitive blindness - Cognitive blindness is the inability to understand something due to the lack of a precept of knowledge, understanding or belief in a necessary fundamental concept.
  • cognitive computing - Cognitive computing is the use of computerized models to simulate the human thought process in complex situations where the answers may be ambiguous and uncertain.
  • cognitive modeling - Cognitive modeling is an area of computer science that deals with simulating human problem-solving and mental processing in a computerized model.
  • cognitive search - Cognitive search is a new generation of enterprise search that uses artificial intelligence technologies to improve users' search queries and extract relevant information from multiple, diverse data sets.
  • computational creativity (artificial creativity) - Computational creativity (artificial creativity), is the application of computer technologies to emulate, study, stimulate and enhance human creativity.
  • computational linguistics (CL) - Computational linguistics (CL) is the application of computer science to the analysis and comprehension of written and spoken language.
  • Consensus Algorithm - A consensus algorithm is a process in computer science used to achieve agreement on a single data value among distributed processes or systems.
  • conversational AI - Conversational AI is a type of artificial intelligence that enables consumers to interact with computer applications the way they would with other humans.
  • convolutional neural network (CNN) - A convolutional neural network (CNN or convnet) is a subset of machine learning.
  • curiosity artificial intelligence (curiosity AI) - Curiosity artificial intelligence (curiosity AI) is the simulation of human curiosity in artificial intelligence.
  • data classification - Data classification is the process of organizing data into categories that make it is easy to retrieve, sort and store for future use.
  • data labeling - Data labeling, in the context of machine learning, is the process of detecting and tagging data samples.
  • data mining - Data mining is the process of sorting through large data sets to identify patterns and relationships that can help solve business problems through data analysis.
  • data sampling - Data sampling is a statistical analysis technique used to select, manipulate and analyze a representative subset of data points to identify patterns and trends in the larger data set being examined.
  • data science platform - A data science platform is software that allows data scientists to uncover actionable insights from data and communicate those insights throughout an enterprise within a single environment.
  • data scientist - A data scientist is an analytics professional who is responsible for collecting, analyzing and interpreting data to help drive decision-making in an organization.
  • data splitting - Data splitting is when data is divided into two or more subsets.
  • decision tree - A decision tree is a graph that uses a branching method to illustrate every possible output for a specific input.
  • deconvolutional networks (deconvolutional neural networks) - Deconvolutional networks are convolutional neural networks (CNN) that work in a reversed process.
  • deep analytics - Deep analytics is the application of sophisticated data processing techniques to yield information from large and typically multi-source data sets comprised of both unstructured and semi-structured data.
  • deep learning - Deep learning is a type of machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) that imitates the way humans gain certain types of knowledge.
  • deepfake AI (deep fake) - Deep fake (also spelled deepfake) is a type of artificial intelligence used to create convincing images, audio and video hoaxes.
  • DeepMind - DeepMind is a division of Alphabet, Inc.
  • degrees of freedom (mechanics) - In mechanics, degrees of freedom (DOF) is the number of independent variables that define the possible positions or motions of a mechanical system in space.
  • delivery drone - A delivery drone is a type of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) used for distributing packages to consumers through advanced AI technology.
  • descriptive analytics - Descriptive analytics is a type of data analytics that looks at past data to give an account of what has happened.
  • digital process automation - Digital process automation (DPA) uses low-code development tools to automate processes that can span multiple applications.
  • dimensionality reduction - Dimensionality reduction is a machine learning (ML) or statistical technique of reducing the amount of random variables in a problem by obtaining a set of principal variables.
  • disambiguation - Disambiguation (also called word sense disambiguation) is the act of interpreting the intended sense or meaning of a word.
  • disruptive technology (disruptive innovation) - Disruptive technology, often referred to as disruptive innovation, is when a new business model attracts an underserviced market or revenue stream and grows until it supplants incumbent competitors.
  • dropout - Dropout refers to data, or noise, that's intentionally dropped from a neural network to improve processing and time to results.
  • dynamic pricing - The goal of dynamic pricing is to allow a company that sells goods or services over the Internet to adjust prices on the fly in response to market demands.
  • edge AI - Edge artificial intelligence (edge AI) is a paradigm for crafting AI workflows that span centralized data centers (the cloud) and devices outside the cloud that are closer to humans and physical things (the edge).
  • empirical analysis - Empirical analysis is an evidence-based approach to the study and interpretation of information.
  • Ethereum - Ethereum is an open source, distributed software platform based on blockchain technology.
  • evolutionary algorithm - An evolutionary algorithm (EA) is an algorithm that uses mechanisms inspired by nature and solves problems through processes that emulate the behaviors of living organisms.
  • expert system - An expert system is a computer program that uses artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to simulate the judgment and behavior of a human or an organization that has expertise and experience in a particular field.
  • explainable AI (XAI) - Explainable AI (XAI) is artificial intelligence that is programmed to describe its purpose, rationale and decision-making process in a way that can be understood by the average person.
  • extrapolation and interpolation - Extrapolation refers to estimating an unknown value based on extending a known sequence of values or facts.
  • face detection - Face detection -- also called facial detection -- is an artificial intelligence (AI) based computer technology used to find and identify human faces in digital images.
  • facial recognition - Facial recognition is a category of biometric software that maps an individual's facial features mathematically and stores the data as a faceprint.
  • feature engineering - Feature engineering is the process that takes raw data and transforms it into features that can be used to create a predictive model using machine learning or statistical modeling, such as deep learning.
  • first-order logic - First-order logic (FOL) refers to logic in which the predicate of a sentence or statement can only refer to a single subject.
  • flux - In physics, flux is a measure of the number of electric or magnetic field lines passing through a surface in a given amount time.
  • forward chaining - Forward chaining is the logical process of inferring unknown truths from known data and moving forward using determined conditions and rules to find a solution.
  • fuzzy logic - Fuzzy logic is an approach to computing based on "degrees of truth" rather than the usual "true or false" (1 or 0) Boolean logic on which the modern computer is based.
  • generative adversarial network (GAN) - A generative adversarial network (GAN) is a type of AI machine learning (ML) technique made up of two nets that are in competition with one another in a zero-sum game framework.
  • generative modeling - Generative modeling is the use of artificial intelligence (AI), statistics and probability in applications to produce a representation or abstraction of observed phenomena or target variables that can be calculated from observations.
  • Google AI - Google AI is the new name under which Google Research, the search giant’s artificial intelligence (AI) research and development branch, will continue for its AI applications.
  • Google Duplex - Google Duplex is an artificial intelligence (AI) chat agent that can carry out specific verbal tasks, such as making a reservation or appointment, over the phone.
  • GPT-3 - GPT-3, or the third-generation Generative Pre-trained Transformer, is a neural network machine learning model trained using internet data to generate any type of text.
  • graph database - A graph database is a type of NoSQL database that uses graph theory to store, map and query relationships.
  • Hadoop - Hadoop is an open source distributed processing framework that manages data processing and storage for big data applications running in clustered systems.
  • Hadoop as a service (HaaS) - Hadoop as a service (HaaS), also known as Hadoop in the cloud, is a big data analytics framework that stores and analyzes data in the cloud using Hadoop.
  • hyperautomation - Hyperautomation is a framework and set of advanced technologies for scaling automation in the enterprise; the ultimate goal of hyperautomation is to develop a process for automating enterprise automation.
  • IBM Watson supercomputer - Watson is an IBM supercomputer that combines artificial intelligence (AI) and sophisticated analytical software for optimal performance as a 'question answering' machine.
  • image recognition - Image recognition, in the context of machine vision, is the ability of software to identify objects, places, people, writing and actions in images.
Networking
  • network management system

    A network management system, or NMS, is an application or set of applications that lets network engineers manage a network's ...

  • host (in computing)

    A host is a computer or other device that communicates with other hosts on a network.

  • Network as a Service (NaaS)

    Network as a service, or NaaS, is a business model for delivering enterprise WAN services virtually on a subscription basis.

Security
  • SOC 3 (System and Organization Controls 3)

    A System and Organization Controls 3 (SOC 3) report outlines information related to a service organization's internal controls ...

  • tokenization

    Tokenization is the process of replacing sensitive data with unique identification symbols that retain all the essential ...

  • messaging security

    Messaging security is a subcategory of unified threat management, or UTM, focused on securing and protecting an organization's ...

CIO
  • value stream management

    Value stream management is an emerging business process intended to gauge the flow of value into business resources and ...

  • audit program (audit plan)

    An audit program, also called an audit plan, is an action plan that documents what procedures an auditor will follow to validate ...

  • blockchain decentralization

    Decentralization is the distribution of functions, control and information instead of being centralized in a single entity.

HRSoftware
  • team collaboration

    Team collaboration is a communication and project management approach that emphasizes teamwork, innovative thinking and equal ...

  • employee self-service (ESS)

    Employee self-service (ESS) is a widely used human resources technology that enables employees to perform many job-related ...

  • learning experience platform (LXP)

    A learning experience platform (LXP) is an AI-driven peer learning experience platform delivered using software as a service (...

Customer Experience
  • Net Promoter Score (NPS)

    Net Promoter Score (NPS) is a metric that organizations use for assessing customer loyalty toward their brand, products or ...

  • B2C (business-to-consumer)

    B2C, or business-to-consumer, is a retail model where products or services move directly from a business to the end user who has ...

  • market segmentation

    Market segmentation is a marketing strategy that uses well-defined criteria to divide a brand's total addressable market share ...

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