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Artificial intelligence

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

ADV - FAC

  • advanced analytics - Advanced analytics is a broad category of inquiry that can be used to help drive changes and improvements in business practices.
  • adversarial machine learning - Adversarial machine learning is a technique used in machine learning to fool or misguide a model with malicious input.
  • affective computing (emotion AI) - Affective computing, also known as AC or emotion AI, is an area of study within cognitive computing and artificial intelligence that is concerned with gathering data from faces, voices and body language to measure human emotion.
  • AI accelerator - An AI accelerator is a microchip designed specifically to enable faster processing of artificial intelligence (AI) tasks.
  • AI democratization - AI democratization is the spread of artificial intelligence development to a wider user base that includes those without specialized knowledge of AI.
  • AI ethics (AI code of ethics) - AI ethics is a system of moral principles and techniques intended to inform the development and responsible use of artificial intelligence technology.
  • AI governance - AI governance is the idea that there should be a legal framework for ensuring that machine learning (ML) technologies are well researched and developed with the goal of helping humanity navigate the adoption of AI systems fairly.
  • AI washing - AI washing is a marketing effort designed to associate brands and products with artificial intelligence, even though the connection may be tenuous or non-existent.
  • AI winter - AI winter is a quiet period for artificial intelligence research and development.
  • algorithm - An algorithm is a procedure used for solving a problem or performing a computation.
  • algorithmic accountability - Algorithmic accountability is the concept that companies should be held responsible for the results of their programmed algorithms.
  • algorithmic transparency - Algorithmic transparency is openness about the purpose, structure and underlying actions of the algorithms used to search for, process and deliver information.
  • Amazon AI - Amazon AI is a set of artificial intelligence services that offer machine and deep learning technologies for Amazon Web Services (AWS) developers and users.
  • Amazon Lex - Amazon Lex is an artificial intelligence (AI) web service.
  • Amazon Machine Learning - Amazon Machine Learning is an Amazon Web Services product that allows a developer to discover patterns in end-user data through algorithms, construct mathematical models based on these patterns and then create and implement predictive applications.
  • ambient intelligence (AmI) - Ambient intelligence (AmI) is the element of a pervasive computing environment that enables it to interact with and respond appropriately to the humans in that environment.
  • android (humanoid robot) - Android (robot) definition: An android is a robot that is designed to look like a human, either in its basic form or so closely it could almost be mistaken for a person.
  • artificial general intelligence (AGI) - Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the representation of generalized human cognitive abilities in software so that, faced with an unfamiliar task, the AI system could find a solution.
  • Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) - Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) is the third party offering of artificial intelligence (AI) outsourcing.
  • artificial intelligence of things (AIoT) - The artificial intelligence of things (AIoT) is the combination of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies and the internet of things (IoT) infrastructure.
  • artificial neuron - An artificial neuron is a connection point in an artificial neural network.
  • artificial superintelligence (ASI) - Artificial superintelligence (ASI) is software-based intellectual powers that surpass human ability across almost all conceivable categories and fields of endeavor.
  • Asilomar AI Principles - Asilomar AI Principles are 23 main beliefs for guiding the research and development of artificial intelligence (AI).
  • assistive technology (adaptive technology) - Assistive technology is a set of devices intended to help people who have disabilities.
  • association rules - Association rules are 'if-then' statements, that help to show the probability of relationships between data items, within large data sets in various types of databases.
  • audio content - Audio content is any type of published material or information that is consumed through listening.
  • augmented analytics - Augmented analytics is the use of machine learning (ML) and natural language processing (NLP) to enhance data analytics, data sharing and business intelligence.
  • augmented intelligence - Augmented intelligence is an alternative conceptualization of artificial intelligence that focuses on AI's assistive role, emphasizing the fact that it is designed to supplement human intelligence rather than replace it.
  • augmented memory - Augmented memory is the practice of artificially increasing a person's ability to produce long term memories and retain information.
  • automated machine learning (AutoML) - Automated machine learning is the process of applying machine learning models to real-world problems using automation.
  • automated reasoning - Automated reasoning is the area of computer science that is concerned with applying reasoning in the form of logic to computing systems.
  • automated speech recognition (ASR) - Automated speech recognition (ASR) is a technology that allows users of information systems to speak entries rather than punching numbers on a keypad.
  • automated storytelling - Automated storytelling is a process involving the use of artificial intelligence (AI) to create written stories.
  • autonomic computing - Autonomic computing is a self-managing computing model named after, and patterned on, the human body's autonomic nervous system.
  • backpropagation algorithm - Backpropagation, or backward propagation of errors, is an algorithm that is designed to test for errors working back from output nodes to input nodes.
  • backward chaining - Backward chaining is the logical process of inferring unknown truths from known conclusions by moving backward from a solution to determine the initial conditions and rules.
  • bag of words model (BoW model) - The bag of words model (BoW model) is a reduced and simplified representation of a text document with selected parts of the text.
  • Bayesian logic - Named for Thomas Bayes, an English clergyman and mathematician, Bayesian logic is a branch of logic applied to decision making and inferential statistics that deals with probability inference: using the knowledge of prior events to predict future events.
  • BERT language model - BERT is an open source machine learning framework for natural language processing (NLP).
  • big data - Big data is a combination of structured, semistructured and unstructured data collected by organizations that can be mined for information and used in machine learning projects, predictive modeling and other advanced analytics applications.
  • big data analytics - Big data analytics is the often complex process of examining big data to uncover information -- such as hidden patterns, correlations, market trends and customer preferences -- that can help organizations make informed business decisions.
  • black box AI - Black box AI is any artificial intelligence system whose inputs and workings are not accessible to the user or another interested party.
  • brain-computer interface (BCI) - Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a collaboration between a brain and a device that enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, such as control of a cursor or a prosthetic limb.
  • case-based reasoning (CBR) - Case-based reasoning (CBR) is an experience-based approach to solving new problems by adapting previously successful solutions to similar problems.
  • cellular automaton (CA) - A cellular automaton (CA) is a collection of cells arranged in a grid of specified shape, such that each cell changes state as a function of time, according to a defined set of rules driven by the states of neighboring cells.
  • chatbot - A chatbot is a software or computer program that simulates the human conversation or "chatter" through text or voice interactions.
  • chatting - While the term chatting or chitchat refers in general to communication between two or more parties that can occur in person, in today's modern age, it can also occur over the internet via Short Message Service (SMS) text message and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) or, for example, through tools like Slack and Microsoft Teams and social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter.
  • cognitive automation - Cognitive automation describes diverse ways of combining artificial intelligence (AI) and process automation capabilities to improve business outcomes.
  • cognitive bias - Cognitive bias is a systematic thought process caused by the tendency of the human brain to simplify information processing through a filter of personal experience and preferences.
  • cognitive blindness - Cognitive blindness is the inability to understand something due to the lack of a precept of knowledge, understanding or belief in a necessary fundamental concept.
  • cognitive computing - Cognitive computing is the use of computerized models to simulate the human thought process in complex situations where the answers may be ambiguous and uncertain.
  • cognitive modeling - Cognitive modeling is an area of computer science that deals with simulating human problem-solving and mental processing in a computerized model.
  • cognitive search - Cognitive search is a new generation of enterprise search that uses artificial intelligence technologies to improve users' search queries and extract relevant information from multiple, diverse data sets.
  • combinatorial logic - Combinatorial logic is a concept in which two or more input states define one or more output states, where the resulting state or states are related by defined rules that are independent of previous states.
  • complex adaptive system (CAS) - Complex adaptive system is a term used by DevOps teams to describe an IT platform or project composed of multiple components that interact in ways that cannot be predicted or controlled with complete accuracy.
  • computational creativity (artificial creativity) - Computational creativity (artificial creativity), is the application of computer technologies to emulate, study, stimulate and enhance human creativity.
  • computational linguistics (CL) - Computational linguistics (CL) is the application of computer science to the analysis and comprehension of written and spoken language.
  • computer hallucination - Computer hallucinations are interpretation errors in artificial intelligence (AI) machine vision and machine learning technology.
  • concept mining - Concept mining is the process of searching documents or unstructured text for ideas and topics.
  • confusion matrix - A confusion matrix is a table that outlines different predictions and test results and contrasts them with real world values.
  • Consensus Algorithm - A consensus algorithm is a process in computer science used to achieve agreement on a single data value among distributed processes or systems.
  • conversational AI - Conversational AI is a type of artificial intelligence that enables consumers to interact with computer applications the way they would with other humans.
  • convolutional neural network (CNN) - A convolutional neural network (CNN or convnet) is a subset of machine learning.
  • correlation engine - A correlation engine is a software application that programmatically understands relationships.
  • curiosity artificial intelligence (curiosity AI) - Curiosity artificial intelligence (curiosity AI) is the simulation of human curiosity in artificial intelligence.
  • curiosity gap - The curiosity gap is the detection that new and valuable information is available, sparking people’s desire to access it.
  • data classification - Data classification is the process of organizing data into categories that make it is easy to retrieve, sort and store for future use.
  • data labeling - Data labeling, in the context of machine learning, is the process of detecting and tagging data samples.
  • data mining - Data mining is the process of sorting through large data sets to identify patterns and relationships that can help solve business problems through data analysis.
  • data sampling - Data sampling is a statistical analysis technique used to select, manipulate and analyze a representative subset of data points to identify patterns and trends in the larger data set being examined.
  • data science platform - A data science platform is software that allows data scientists to uncover actionable insights from data and communicate those insights throughout an enterprise within a single environment.
  • data scientist - A data scientist is a professional responsible for collecting, analyzing and interpreting extremely large amounts of data.
  • data splitting - Data splitting is when data is divided into two or more subsets.
  • decision tree - A decision tree is a graph that uses a branching method to illustrate every possible output for a specific input.
  • deconvolutional networks (deconvolutional neural networks) - Deconvolutional networks are convolutional neural networks (CNN) that work in a reversed process.
  • deep analytics - Deep analytics is the application of sophisticated data processing techniques to yield information from large and typically multi-source data sets comprised of both unstructured and semi-structured data.
  • deep learning - Deep learning is a type of machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) that imitates the way humans gain certain types of knowledge.
  • deep learning agent - A deep learning agent is any autonomous or semi-autonomous AI-driven system that uses deep learning to perform and improve at its tasks.
  • DeepBrain Chain - DeepBrain Chain (DBC) is a blockchain-based computing platform for AI that was designed to lower user costs for processing power.
  • deepfake AI (deep fake) - Deep fake (also spelled deepfake) is a type of artificial intelligence used to create convincing images, audio and video hoaxes.
  • DeepMind - DeepMind is a division of Alphabet, Inc.
  • degrees of freedom (mechanics) - In mechanics, degrees of freedom (DOF) is the number of independent variables that define the possible positions or motions of a mechanical system in space.
  • delivery drone - A delivery drone is a type of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) used for distributing packages to consumers through advanced AI technology.
  • descriptive analytics - Descriptive analytics is a type of data analytics that looks at past data to give an account of what has happened.
  • Dialogflow - Dialogflow is a natural language processing (NLP) platform that can be used to build conversational applications and experiences for a company’s customers in various languages and on multiple platforms.
  • digital process automation - Digital process automation (DPA) uses low-code development tools to automate processes that can span multiple applications.
  • dimensionality reduction - Dimensionality reduction is a machine learning (ML) or statistical technique of reducing the amount of random variables in a problem by obtaining a set of principal variables.
  • disambiguation - Disambiguation (also called word sense disambiguation) is the act of interpreting the intended sense or meaning of a word.
  • dropout - Dropout refers to data, or noise, that's intentionally dropped from a neural network to improve processing and time to results.
  • dynamic pricing - The goal of dynamic pricing is to allow a company that sells goods or services over the Internet to adjust prices on the fly in response to market demands.
  • edge AI - Edge artificial intelligence (edge AI) is a paradigm for crafting AI workflows that span centralized data centers (the cloud) and devices outside the cloud that are closer to humans and physical things (the edge).
  • embedded vision - Embedded vision is the integration of computer vision in machines that use algorithms to decode meaning from observing pixel patterns in images or video.
  • empirical analysis - Empirical analysis is an evidence-based approach to the study and interpretation of information.
  • Ethereum - Ethereum is an open source, distributed software platform based on blockchain technology.
  • evolutionary algorithm - An evolutionary algorithm (EA) is an algorithm that uses mechanisms inspired by nature and solves problems through processes that emulate the behaviors of living organisms.
  • expert system - An expert system is a computer program that uses artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to simulate the judgment and behavior of a human or an organization that has expertise and experience in a particular field.
  • explainable AI (XAI) - Explainable AI (XAI) is artificial intelligence that is programmed to describe its purpose, rationale and decision-making process in a way that can be understood by the average person.
  • extended intelligence (EI) - Extended intelligence (EI) is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) to enhance human intelligence.
  • extrapolation and interpolation - Extrapolation refers to estimating an unknown value based on extending a known sequence of values or facts.
SearchNetworking
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    A cloud-native network function (CNF) is a service that performs network duties in software, as opposed to purpose-built hardware.

  • microsegmentation

    Microsegmentation is a security technique that splits a network into definable zones and uses policies to dictate how data and ...

  • Wi-Fi 6E

    Wi-Fi 6E is one variant of the 802.11ax standard.

SearchSecurity
  • MICR (magnetic ink character recognition)

    MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) is a technology invented in the 1950s that's used to verify the legitimacy or ...

  • What is cybersecurity?

    Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems such as hardware, software and data from cyberthreats.

  • Android System WebView

    Android System WebView is a system component for the Android operating system (OS) that allows Android apps to display web ...

SearchCIO
  • privacy compliance

    Privacy compliance is a company's accordance with established personal information protection guidelines, specifications or ...

  • contingent workforce

    A contingent workforce is a labor pool whose members are hired by an organization on an on-demand basis.

  • product development (new product development -- NPD)

    Product development, also called new product management, is a series of steps that includes the conceptualization, design, ...

SearchHRSoftware
  • talent acquisition

    Talent acquisition is the strategic process employers use to analyze their long-term talent needs in the context of business ...

  • employee retention

    Employee retention is the organizational goal of keeping productive and talented workers and reducing turnover by fostering a ...

  • hybrid work model

    A hybrid work model is a workforce structure that includes employees who work remotely and those who work on site, in a company's...

SearchCustomerExperience
  • Salesforce Trailhead

    Salesforce Trailhead is a series of online tutorials that coach beginner and intermediate developers who need to learn how to ...

  • Salesforce

    Salesforce, Inc. is a cloud computing and social enterprise software-as-a-service (SaaS) provider based in San Francisco.

  • data clean room

    A data clean room is a technology service that helps content platforms keep first person user data private when interacting with ...

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