Browse Definitions :

Application development

Definitions about software applications and development including operating system vocabulary, programming terminology, words about Internet applications and terms used in app/dev.
  • .NET Framework - .NET Framework is a managed execution environment for Windows that allows software developers to create a software application in one programming language and be assured the app can work with code written in other languages.
  • 12-factor app - Twelve-factor app is a methodology for building distributed applications that run in the cloud and are delivered as a service.
  • Amazon Bedrock (AWS Bedrock) - Amazon Bedrock -- also known as AWS Bedrock -- is a machine learning platform used to build generative artificial intelligence (AI) applications on the Amazon Web Services cloud computing platform.
  • Android Studio - Android Studio is the official integrated development environment (IDE) for Android application development.
  • Android System WebView - Android System WebView is a system component for the Android operating system (OS) that allows Android apps to display web content directly inside an application.
  • anonymous FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - Anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a method for allowing users to access public files from a remote server or archive site without requiring them to identify themselves to the server or site.
  • API economy - The API economy refers to the set of business models and practices designed around the use of application programming interfaces (APIs) in today's digital economy.
  • API gateway (application programming interface gateway) - An API gateway is a software pattern that sits in front of an application programming interface (API) or group of microservices to facilitate requests and delivery of data and services.
  • API lifecycle management - API lifecycle management is a part of application programming interface management that supports the design, development and maintenance of APIs, including their transitioning from design and testing to a production environment.
  • API testing - API testing is a type of software testing that analyzes an application program interface (API) to verify that it fulfills its expected functionality, security, performance and reliability.
  • APK file (Android Package Kit file format) - An APK file (Android Package Kit file format) is the file format for applications used on the Android operating system (OS).
  • app - 'App' is an abbreviated form of the word 'application.
  • applet - An applet is a small computer program that performs a specific task.
  • application architecture - An application architecture is a structural map of how a software application is assembled and how applications interact with each other to meet business or user requirements.
  • application programming interface (API) - An application programming interface (API) is code that enables two software programs to communicate.
  • attribute - In general, an attribute is a property, quality, or characteristic that something or someone has.
  • augmented reality (AR) - Augmented reality (AR) is the integration of digital information with the user's environment in real time.
  • augmented reality gaming (AR gaming) - Augmented reality gaming (AR gaming) is the real-time integration of virtual game elements with the physical environment of the player.
  • automated testing - Automated testing is a software testing technique that automates the process of validating the functionality of software and ensures it meets requirements before being released into production.
  • beta test - In software development, a beta test is the second phase of software testing in which a sampling of the intended audience tries out the product.
  • business logic - In programming, business logic is the part of a software program responsible for implementing the business rules that define how data should be created, modified, transformed, communicated and in other ways managed and controlled.
  • CamelCase - CamelCase is a way to separate the words in a phrase by making the first letter of each word capitalized and not using spaces.
  • canary testing - In software testing, canary testing refers to testing a new software version or a new feature with real users in a live (production) environment.
  • Capability Maturity Model (CMM) - The Capability Maturity Model (CMM) is a methodology used to develop and refine an organization's software development process.
  • Chaos Monkey - Chaos Monkey is a software tool Netflix engineers developed to test the resiliency and recoverability of their Amazon Web Services (AWS) infrastructure.
  • citizen development - Citizen development is a business process that encourages non-IT-trained employees to become software developers, using IT-sanctioned low-code/no-code (LCNC) platforms to create business applications.
  • client-side framework - A client-side framework is a software development framework that focuses on executing application processes on end user devices rather than the application's own server.
  • colocation (colo) - A colocation facility (colo) is a data center or telecommunications facility in which a business can rent space for servers, storage devices, and other computing and networking hardware.
  • com - On the Internet, "com" is one of the top-level domain names that can be used when choosing a domain name.
  • complex event processing (CEP) - Complex event processing (CEP) is the use of technology to predict high-level events.
  • cross-browser testing - Cross-browser testing, also called browser testing, is a quality assurance (QA) process that checks whether a web-based application, site or page functions as intended for end users across multiple browsers and devices.
  • cross-platform mobile development - Cross-platform mobile development is an approach to developing software applications that are compatible with multiple mobile operating systems (OSes) or platforms.
  • daemon - In computing, a daemon (pronounced DEE-muhn) is a program that runs continuously as a background process and wakes up to handle periodic service requests, which often come from remote processes.
  • data binding - Data binding is the process that couples two data sources together and synchronizes them.
  • decompile - To decompile means to convert executable or ready-to-run program code -- sometimes called object code -- into some form of higher-level programming language that humans can easily understand.
  • dependency injection - In object-oriented programming (OOP) software design, dependency injection is the process of supplying a resource that a given piece of code requires.
  • digital innovation - Digital innovation is the adoption of modern digital technologies by a business.
  • digital video - Digital video is audio/visual content in a binary format, with information presented as a sequence of digital data rather than in a continuous signal as analog information is.
  • Dublin Core - Dublin Core is an international metadata standard formally known as the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set and includes 15 metadata (data that describes data) terms.
  • e-ticket (electronic ticket) - An e-ticket (electronic ticket) is a paperless electronic document used for ticketing purposes, such as airfare or concert admission.
  • end-to-end testing - End-to-end (E2E) testing is a software testing methodology that verifies the working order of a software product in a start-to-finish process.
  • event-driven application - An event-driven application is a computer program written to respond to actions generated by a user or system.
  • exception handling - Exception handling is the process of responding to unwanted or unexpected events when a computer program runs.
  • fail fast - Fail fast is a philosophy that values extensive testing and incremental development to determine whether an idea has value.
  • fault injection testing - Fault injection testing is a software testing method that deliberately introduces errors to a system to ensure it can withstand and recover from error conditions.
  • feature-driven development (FDD) - Feature-driven development (FDD) is an Agile software development framework that organizes work around product features.
  • flaky test - A flaky test is a quality assurance (QA) test that fails to produces consistent results.
  • fully qualified domain name (FQDN) - A fully qualified domain name (FQDN) is the complete address of an internet host or computer.
  • fuzz testing (fuzzing) - Fuzz testing (fuzzing) is a quality assurance technique used to discover coding errors or bugs and security loopholes in software, operating systems and networks.
  • garbage collection (GC) - Garbage collection (GC) is a memory recovery feature built into programming languages such as C# and Java.
  • garbage in, garbage out (GIGO) - Garbage in, garbage out, or GIGO, refers to the idea that in any system, the quality of output is determined by the quality of the input.
  • Git - Git is an open source distributed version control system that is available for free under the GNU General Public License version 2.
  • GitOps - GitOps is an operational framework that applies DevOps practices, such as continuous integration/continuous delivery (CI/CD) and version control, to infrastructure automation.
  • Google Mobile Services (GMS) - Google Mobile Services (GMS) is a collection of applications and application programming interfaces (APIs) developed by Google for manufacturers of Android devices, such as smartphones and tablets.
  • green software - Green software, also known as sustainable software, is software that is designed, developed and implemented to limit energy consumption and have minimal environmental impact.
  • hamburger icon (slide drawer navigation) - A hamburger icon is a navigational symbol in user interface (UI) design.
  • hosting (website hosting, web hosting and webhosting) - Web hosting -- also known as website hosting or webhosting -- is the process where a web hosting provider stores and maintains website files and applications on a server to make its customers' websites accessible on the internet.
  • hotfix - A hotfix is code -- sometimes called a patch -- that fixes a bug in a product.
  • HTML5 mobile app - An HTML5 mobile app is a web application developed with version 5 of HTML, a web content standard designed for handheld devices like smartphones and tablets.
  • ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) - ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is the private, non-government, nonprofit corporation with responsibility for IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management and root server system management functions.
  • image - An image is a visual representation of something, while a digital image is a binary representation of visual data.
  • image compression - Image compression is a process applied to a graphics file to minimize its size in bytes without degrading image quality below an acceptable threshold.
  • impact mapping - Impact mapping is a visual planning technique that aligns project processes with business objectives.
  • inline frame (iframe) - An inline frame (iframe) is a HTML element that loads another HTML page within the document.
  • instant app (Google Android instant app) - A Google Android instant app is a small software program that enables users to test out a portion of a native Android app without installing it on a device.
  • instantiation - In programming, instantiation is the creation of a real instance or particular realization of an abstraction or template, such as a class of objects or a computer process.
  • integrated development environment (IDE) - An integrated development environment (IDE) is a software suite that consolidates basic tools required to write and test software.
  • intellectual property (IP) - Intellectual property (IP) is a term for any intangible asset that is the product of someone's mind.
  • Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) - The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is the body that defines standard operating internet protocols such as TCP/IP.
  • iOS software development kit (iOS SDK) - The iOS software development kit (iOS SDK) is a collection of tools for the creation of apps for Apple's mobile operating system (OS).
  • IT monitoring - IT monitoring is a process that gathers metrics on the operations of an IT environment.
  • IT project management - IT project management is the process of planning, organizing and delineating responsibility for the completion of an organizations' specific information technology (IT) goals.
  • Java - Java is a widely used programming language expressly designed for coding applications and services used in the distributed environment of the internet.
  • Java compiler - A Java compiler is a program that takes the text file work of a developer and compiles it into a platform-independent Java file.
  • Java Mission Control - Java Mission Control is a performance-analysis tool that renders sampled JVM metrics in easy-to-understand graphs, tables, histograms, lists and charts.
  • Java string - A Java string is a sequence of characters that exists as an object of the class java.
  • joint application development (JAD) - Joint application development, frequently shortened to JAD, is a methodology that involves the client or end user in the design and development of a software application through a succession of collaborative workshops called JAD sessions.
  • LDAP injection - LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) injection is a type of security exploit that is used to compromise the authentication process used by some websites.
  • Lisp (programming language) - Lisp, an acronym for list processing, is a functional programming language that was designed for easy manipulation of data strings.
  • loose coupling - Loose coupling is an approach to interconnecting the components in a system, network or software application so that those components, also called elements, depend on each other to the least extent practicable.
  • low-code and no-code development platforms - Low-code/no-code development platforms are software development tools and environments that allow enterprise developers and citizen developers to create new applications using drag-and-drop components, linking them together and creating mobile or web apps.
  • lowerCamelCase - A part of CamelCase, lowerCamelCase is a naming convention in which a name contains multiple words that are joined together as a single word.
  • mail server (mail transfer/transport agent, MTA, mail router, internet mailer) - A mail server -- also known as a mail transfer agent, or MTA; mail transport agent; mail router; or internet mailer -- is an application that receives incoming email from local users and remote senders and forwards outgoing messages for delivery.
  • message passing interface (MPI) - The message passing interface (MPI) is a standardized means of exchanging messages between multiple computers running a parallel program across distributed memory.
  • Microsoft Power Apps - Power Apps is a suite of Microsoft products that enable both developers and nontechnical users to build custom applications to fulfill various business needs.
  • middleware - Middleware is software that bridges the gap between applications and operating systems by providing a method for communication and data management.
  • mobile application development platform (MADP) - A mobile application development platform (MADP) is a type of software that allows a business to rapidly build, test and deploy mobile apps for smartphones or tablets.
  • mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) - A mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) is a reseller of wireless communications services.
  • model-based systems engineering (MBSE) - Model-based systems engineering (MBSE) uses models to share information across collaborators in the design, development, test and operation of complex systems.
  • model-view-controller (MVC) - In programming, model-view-controller (MVC) is an architectural design pattern that organizes an application's logic into distinct layers, each of which carries out a specific set of tasks.
  • multi-tenancy - Multi-tenancy is an architecture in which a single instance of a software application serves multiple customers.
  • mutation testing - Mutation testing, also known as code mutation testing, is a form of white box testing in which testers change specific components of an application's source code to ensure a software test suite can detect the changes.
  • native code - Native code is binary data compiled to run on a processor, such as an Intel x86-class processor.
  • natural user interface (NUI) - A natural user interface -- or NUI -- is an interface that is designed to feel as natural as possible.
  • no-code - No-code is a software development approach that requires few, if any, programming skills to quickly build an application, website or module that links into an existing system.
  • performance testing - Performance testing is a testing measure that evaluates the speed, responsiveness and stability of a computer, network, software program or device under a workload.
  • pipe - In computer programming, especially in Unix operating systems (OSes), a pipe is a technique for passing information from one program process or command to another.
  • pipeline as code - Pipeline as code is an approach to a continuous integration (CI) pipeline where the pipeline is expressed entirely in computer code.
  • PNG (Portable Network Graphics) - PNG (Portable Network Graphics) is a file format used for lossless image compression.
  • Power Platform - Power Platform is an intuitive and collaborative platform from Microsoft.
Networking
  • SD-WAN security

    SD-WAN security refers to the practices, protocols and technologies protecting data and resources transmitted across ...

  • net neutrality

    Net neutrality is the concept of an open, equal internet for everyone, regardless of content consumed or the device, application ...

  • network scanning

    Network scanning is a procedure for identifying active devices on a network by employing a feature or features in the network ...

Security
  • virtual firewall

    A virtual firewall is a firewall device or service that provides network traffic filtering and monitoring for virtual machines (...

  • cloud penetration testing

    Cloud penetration testing is a tactic an organization uses to assess its cloud security effectiveness by attempting to evade its ...

  • cloud workload protection platform (CWPP)

    A cloud workload protection platform (CWPP) is a security tool designed to protect workloads that run on premises, in the cloud ...

CIO
  • Regulation SCI (Regulation Systems Compliance and Integrity)

    Regulation SCI (Regulation Systems Compliance and Integrity) is a set of rules adopted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange ...

  • strategic management

    Strategic management is the ongoing planning, monitoring, analysis and assessment of all necessities an organization needs to ...

  • IT budget

    IT budget is the amount of money spent on an organization's information technology systems and services. It includes compensation...

HRSoftware
  • ADP Mobile Solutions

    ADP Mobile Solutions is a self-service mobile app that enables employees to access work records such as pay, schedules, timecards...

  • director of employee engagement

    Director of employee engagement is one of the job titles for a human resources (HR) manager who is responsible for an ...

  • digital HR

    Digital HR is the digital transformation of HR services and processes through the use of social, mobile, analytics and cloud (...

Customer Experience
  • chatbot

    A chatbot is a software or computer program that simulates human conversation or "chatter" through text or voice interactions.

  • martech (marketing technology)

    Martech (marketing technology) refers to the integration of software tools, platforms, and applications designed to streamline ...

  • transactional marketing

    Transactional marketing is a business strategy that focuses on single, point-of-sale transactions.

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