Browse Definitions :

Data backup and disaster recovery

Terms related to backup and recovery, including definitions about making copies of data and words and phrases about restoring original data after a data loss event.

3-2 - OPE

  • 3-2-1 backup strategy - The 3-2-1 backup is a time-tested data protection and recovery methodology for ensuring that data is protected adequately and up-to-date backup copies of the data are available when needed.
  • Acronis - Acronis is a data protection software vendor that spun off as a separate company from Parallels in Singapore and became an independent company in 2003.
  • Amazon Glacier - Amazon Glacier, also known as Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) Glacier, is a low-cost cloud storage service for data with longer retrieval times offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS).
  • Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) - Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) is a scalable, high-speed, web-based cloud storage service.
  • application-aware storage - Application-aware storage is a storage system with built-in intelligence about relevant applications and their utilization patterns.
  • asynchronous replication - Asynchronous replication is a store-and-forward approach to backup and data protection.
  • backup - Backup refers to the copying of physical or virtual files or databases to a secondary location for preservation in case of equipment failure or catastrophe.
  • backup as a service (BaaS) - Backup as a service (BaaS) is an approach to backing up data that involves purchasing backup and recovery services from an online data backup provider.
  • backup storage device - A backup storage device is used to make copies of data that’'s actively in use.
  • bare-metal restore - A bare-metal restore (also referred to as bare-metal recovery or bare-metal backup) is a data recovery and restoration process where a computer is restored to a new machine, typically after a catastrophic failure.
  • burn-in - Burn-in is a test in which a system or component is made to run for an extended period of time to detect problems.
  • business continuity management (BCM) - Business continuity management (BCM) is a framework for identifying an organization's risk of exposure to internal and external threats.
  • business continuity plan (BCP) - A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue operating during an unplanned event.
  • business continuity plan audit - A business continuity plan audit is a formalized method for evaluating how business continuity processes are being managed.
  • business impact analysis (BIA) - A business impact analysis (BIA) is a systematic process to determine and evaluate the potential effects of an interruption to critical business operations as a result of a disaster, accident or emergency.
  • call tree - A call tree is a layered hierarchical communication model used to notify specific individuals of an event and coordinate recovery if necessary.
  • cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR) - Cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR) is a combination of strategies and services intended to back up data, applications and other resources to public cloud or dedicated service providers.
  • cloud encryption (cloud storage encryption) - Cloud encryption is a service offered by cloud storage providers whereby a customer's data is transformed using encryption algorithms into ciphertext and stored in the cloud.
  • cloud hosting - Cloud hosting is the process of outsourcing an organization's computing and storage resources to a service provider that offers its infrastructure services in a utility model.
  • cloud services - Cloud services is an umbrella term that may refer to a variety of resources provided over the internet, or to professional services that support the deployment of such cloud-based resources.
  • cloud SLA (cloud service-level agreement) - A cloud SLA (cloud service-level agreement) is an agreement between a cloud service provider and a customer that ensures a minimum level of service is maintained.
  • cloud storage - Cloud storage is a service model in which data is transmitted and stored on remote storage systems, where it is maintained, managed, backed up and made available to users over a network (typically the internet).
  • cloud storage provider - A cloud storage provider, sometimes referred to as a managed service provider, is a company that offers organizations and individuals the ability to place and retain data in an off-site storage system.
  • cloud storage service - A cloud storage service is a business that maintains and manages its customers' data and makes that data accessible over a network, usually the internet.
  • Cloud-to-Cloud Backup (C2C Backup) - C2C backup (cloud-to-cloud backup) is the practice of copying data stored on one cloud service to another cloud service.
  • cold backup (offline backup) - A cold backup is a backup of an offline database.
  • computer worm - A computer worm is a type of malware whose primary function is to self-replicate and infect other computers while remaining active on infected systems.
  • Conficker - Conficker is a fast-spreading worm that targets a vulnerability (MS08-067) in Windows operating systems.
  • contingency plan - A contingency plan is a course of action designed to help an organization respond effectively to a significant future incident, event or situation that may or may not happen.
  • continuous data protection (CDP) - Continuous data protection (CDP), also known as continuous backup, is a backup and recovery storage system in which all the data in an enterprise is backed up whenever any change is made.
  • crisis communication - Crisis communication is a strategic approach to corresponding with people and organizations during a disruptive event.
  • crisis management plan (CMP) - A crisis management plan (CMP) outlines how to respond to a critical situation that would negatively affect an organization's profitability, reputation or ability to operate.
  • CRUD cycle (Create, Read, Update and Delete Cycle) - The CRUD cycle describes the elemental functions of a persistent database in a computer.
  • CSV (Cluster Shared Volumes) - CSV (Cluster Shared Volumes) is a feature in Windows Server in which shared disks are concurrently accessible to all nodes within a failover cluster.
  • data archiving - Data archiving moves data that is no longer actively used to a separate storage device for long-term retention.
  • data at rest - Data at rest is a term that is sometimes used to refer to all data in computer storage while excluding data that is traversing a network or temporarily residing in computer memory to be read or updated.
  • data center - A data center -- also known as a datacenter or data centre -- is a facility composed of networked computers, storage systems and computing infrastructure that organizations use to organize, process, store and disseminate large amounts of data.
  • data cleansing (data cleaning, data scrubbing) - Data cleansing, also referred to as data cleaning or data scrubbing, is the process of fixing incorrect, incomplete, duplicate or otherwise erroneous data in a data set.
  • data deduplication - Data deduplication is a process that eliminates redundant copies of data and reduces storage overhead.
  • data deduplication hardware - Data deduplication hardware is disk storage that eliminates redundant copies of data and retains one instance to be stored.
  • data deduplication ratio - To calculate the deduplication ratio, divide the capacity of backed up data before duplicates are removed by the actual capacity used once the backup is complete.
  • data lifecycle management (DLM) - Data lifecycle management (DLM) is a policy-based approach to managing the flow of an information system's data throughout its lifecycle: from creation and initial storage to when it becomes obsolete and is deleted.
  • data loss - Data loss is the intentional or unintentional destruction of information, caused by people and or processes from within or outside of an organization.
  • data protection management (DPM) - Data protection management (DPM) comprises the administration, monitoring and management of backup processes to ensure backup tasks run on schedule and data is securely backed up and recoverable.
  • data recovery - Data recovery restores data that has been lost, accidentally deleted, corrupted or made inaccessible.
  • data recovery agent (DRA) - A data recovery agent (DRA) is a Microsoft Windows user account with the ability to decrypt data that was encrypted by other users.
  • data reduction - Data reduction lowers the amount of capacity required to store data.
  • data replication - Data replication is the process of copying data from one location to another.
  • data retention policy - A data retention policy, or records retention policy, is an organization's established protocol for retaining information for operational or regulatory compliance needs.
  • data streaming - Data streaming is the continuous transfer of data from one or more sources at a steady, high speed for processing into specific outputs.
  • database availability group (DAG) - A database availability group (DAG) is a high availability (HA) and data recovery feature of Exchange Server 2010.
  • Datto - Datto Inc. is a backup, recovery and business continuity vendor with headquarters in Norwalk, Conn.
  • Dell EMC Avamar - Dell EMC Avamar is a hardware and software data backup product.
  • Differential Backup - A differential backup is a type of data backup method that copies all of the files that have changed since the last full backup was performed.
  • disaster recovery (DR) - Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.
  • disaster recovery (DR) test - A disaster recovery test (DR test) is the examination of each step in a disaster recovery plan as outlined in an organization's business continuity/disaster recovery (BCDR) planning process.
  • disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS) - Disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS) is a cloud computing service model offered by third-party vendors that provides failover in the event of a natural catastrophe, power outage or other type of business disruption.
  • disaster recovery plan (DRP) - A disaster recovery plan (DRP) is a documented, structured approach that describes how an organization can quickly resume work after an unplanned incident.
  • disaster recovery site (DR site) - An organization uses a disaster recovery (DR) site to recover and restore its technology infrastructure and operations when its primary facility becomes unavailable.
  • disaster recovery team - A disaster recovery team is a group of individuals focused on planning, implementing, maintaining, auditing and testing an organization’s procedures for business continuity (BC) and recovery.
  • disk backup or disk-based backup - Disk backup, or disk-based backup, is a data backup and recovery method that backs data up to hard disk storage.
  • disk mirroring (RAID 1) - Disk mirroring, also known as RAID 1, is the replication of data to two or more disks.
  • DRBD (Distributed Replicated Block Device) - DRBD (Distributed Replicated Block Device) is a Linux-based software component that facilitates the replacement of shared storage systems by networked mirroring.
  • Druva - Druva is a cloud data protection and management software company based in Sunnyvale, Calif.
  • emergency communications plan (EC plan) - An emergency communications plan (EC plan) is a document that provides guidelines, contact information and procedures for how information should be shared during all phases of an unexpected occurrence that requires immediate action.
  • emergency notification system - An emergency notification system is an automated method of contacting a group of people within an organization and distributing important information during a crisis.
  • encoding and decoding - Encoding and decoding are used in many forms of communications, including computing, data communications, programming, digital electronics and human communications.
  • encryption key management - Encryption key management is the administration of tasks involved with protecting, storing, backing up and organizing encryption keys.
  • external hard drive - An external hard drive is a portable storage device that can be attached to a computer through a USB or Firewire connection, or wirelessly.
  • external storage device - An external storage device, also referred to as auxiliary storage and secondary storage, is a device that contains all the addressable data storage that is not inside a computer's main storage or memory.
  • fault tolerance - Fault tolerance is the capability of a system to deliver uninterrupted service despite one or more of its components failing.
  • flash storage - Flash storage is any type of drive, repository or system that uses flash memory to write and store data for an extended period.
  • floating gate transistor (FGT) - A floating gate transistor (FGT) is a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology capable of holding an electrical charge in a memory device that is used to store data.
  • forensic image - A forensic image (forensic copy) is a bit-by-bit, sector-by-sector direct copy of a physical storage device, including all files, folders and unallocated, free and slack space.
  • Full Backup - A full backup is the process of making at least one additional copy of all data files that an organization wishes to protect in a single backup operation.
  • gzip (GNU zip) - Gzip (GNU zip) is a free and open source algorithm for file compression.
  • heartbeat (computing) - In computing, a heartbeat is a program that runs specialized scripts automatically whenever a system is initialized or rebooted.
  • hierarchical storage management (HSM) - Hierarchical storage management (HSM) is policy-based management of data files that uses storage media economically and without the user being aware of when files are retrieved from storage.
  • hot backup (dynamic backup) - Hot data backups are the standard for most database backups, as users can stay online while they are performed.
  • hybrid backup - A hybrid backup is typically when organizations use both on-premises storage and the public cloud as data backup destinations, depending on specific requirements and use cases.
  • hybrid cloud storage - Hybrid cloud storage is an approach to managing cloud storage that uses both local and off-site resources.
  • image-based backup - Image-based backup creates a copy of an operating system and all the data associated with it, including the system state and application configurations.
  • incident management plan (IMP) - An incident management plan (IMP), sometimes called an incident response plan or emergency management plan, is a document that helps an organization return to normal as quickly as possible following an unplanned event.
  • Incremental Backup - An incremental backup is a type of backup that only copies data that has been changed or created since the previous backup activity was conducted.
  • inline deduplication - Inline deduplication is the removal of redundancies from data before or as it is being written to a backup device.
  • ISO 22317 (International Standards Organization 22317) - ISO 22317 is the first formal standard to address the business impact analysis process.
  • IT incident management - IT incident management is an area of IT service management (ITSM) wherein IT teams return a service to normal as quickly as possible after a disruption with as little negative impact on the business as possible.
  • LTO-5 - LTO-5 is a tape format released in 2010 by the Linear Tape-Open Consortium.
  • LTO-9 (Linear Tape-Open 9) - LTO-9 (Linear Tape-Open 9) is a future tape format from the Linear Tape-Open Consortium.
  • LUN masking - LUN masking is an authorization mechanism used in storage area networks (SANs) to make LUNs available to some hosts but unavailable to other hosts.
  • magnetic storage - Magnetic storage has been around in many forms since 1888 by Oberlan Smith, who publicized his audio recording on a wire in Electrical World.
  • magnetic tape storage - Magnetic tape is one of the oldest technologies for electronic data storage.
  • managed file transfer (MFT) - Managed file transfer (MFT) is a type of software used to provide secure internal, external and ad-hoc data transfers through a network.
  • Massachusetts data protection law - What is the Massachusetts data protection law?The Massachusetts data protection law is legislation that stipulates security requirements for organizations that handle the private data of residents.
  • natural disaster recovery - Natural disaster recovery is the process of recovering data and resuming business operations following a natural disaster.
  • network disaster recovery plan - A network disaster recovery plan is a set of procedures designed to prepare an organization to respond to an interruption of network services during a natural or humanmade catastrophe.
  • network load balancing (NLB) - Network load balancing (NLB) is a feature in multiple versions of the Microsoft Windows Server operating system (OS), Amazon Web Services (AWS) and other cloud service providers that distribute network traffic among multiple servers or virtual machines (VMs) within a cluster to avoid overloading any one host and improve performance.
  • North American Electric Reliability Corporation Critical Infrastructure Protection (NERC CIP) - The North American Electric Reliability Corporation Critical Infrastructure Protection (NERC CIP) plan is a set of standards aimed at regulating, enforcing, monitoring and managing the security of the Bulk Electric System (BES) in North America.
  • NVDIMM (Non-Volatile Dual In-line Memory Module) - An NVDIMM (non-volatile dual in-line memory module) is hybrid computer memory that retains data during a service outage.
  • operational resilience - Operational resilience is a business's ability to respond to and overcome adverse circumstances during operation that might cause financial loss or disrupt business services.
Networking
  • Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)

    Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is a standard that defines how to establish and maintain a network conversation by which ...

  • network interface card (NIC)

    A network interface card (NIC) is a hardware component, typically a circuit board or chip, installed on a computer so it can ...

  • User Datagram Protocol (UDP)

    User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is a communications protocol primarily used to establish low-latency and loss-tolerating connections...

Security
  • advanced persistent threat (APT)

    An advanced persistent threat (APT) is a prolonged and targeted cyber attack in which an intruder gains access to a network and ...

  • Mitre ATT&CK framework

    The Mitre ATT&CK (pronounced miter attack) framework is a free, globally accessible knowledge base that describes the latest ...

  • timing attack

    A timing attack is a type of side-channel attack that exploits the amount of time a computer process runs to gain knowledge about...

CIO
  • IT cost structure

    IT cost structure refers to the relationship between different types of expenditures within a larger IT budget.

  • Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI)

    Established in August 2000, the Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI) is a nonprofit organization that promotes the ...

  • business innovation

    Business innovation is an organization's process for introducing new ideas, workflows, methodologies, services or products.

HRSoftware
  • employee resource group (ERG)

    An employee resource group is a workplace club or more formally realized affinity group organized around a shared interest or ...

  • employee training and development

    Employee training and development is a set of activities and programs designed to enhance the knowledge, skills and abilities of ...

  • employee sentiment analysis

    Employee sentiment analysis is the use of natural language processing and other AI techniques to automatically analyze employee ...

Customer Experience
  • customer profiling

    Customer profiling is the detailed and systematic process of constructing a clear portrait of a company's ideal customer by ...

  • customer insight (consumer insight)

    Customer insight, also known as consumer insight, is the understanding and interpretation of customer data, behaviors and ...

  • buyer persona

    A buyer persona is a composite representation of a specific type of customer in a market segment.

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