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CLO - NET

  • cloud-native application - A cloud-native application is a program that is designed for a cloud computing architecture.
  • N+1 UPS - N+1, also called parallel redundancy, is a safeguard to ensure that an uninterruptible power supply (UPS)system is always available.
  • N_Port ID virtualization (NPIV) - N_Port ID virtualization (NPIV) is a Fibre Channel (FC) standard that makes it possible to create multiple virtual ports on a single physical node port (N_Port), with each virtual port appearing as a unique entity to the FC network.
  • NACK (NAK, negative acknowledgment, not acknowledged) - NACK, or NAK, an abbreviation for negative acknowledgment or not acknowledged, is a signal used by computers or other devices to indicate that data transmitted over a network was received with errors or was otherwise unreadable.
  • Nagios - Nagios is an open source monitoring system for computer systems.
  • named account - A named account is a company that is identified as a valuable prospect or customer and assigned to an individual marketing or sales representative for targeted efforts.
  • named entity - A named entity is a term or phrase that identifies an object from a set of other objects with similar attributes.
  • named entity recognition (NER) - Named entity recognition (NER) is a sub-task of information extraction (IE) that seeks out and categorizes specified entities in a body or bodies of texts.
  • NAND flash memory - NAND flash memory is a type of non-volatile storage technology that does not require power to retain data.
  • NAND flash wear-out - NAND flash wear-out is the breakdown of the oxide layer within the floating gate transistors of NAND flash memory.
  • NAND mirroring - NAND mirroring has been proposed to break the security in certain portable devices that use NAND flash memory for encryption.
  • NANDroid backup - NANDroid backups are typically created by Android device owners who have gained root access to their phone’s operating system in order to use aftermarket distributions of the Android OS.
  • nano - Nano is a prefix meaning "extremely small.
  • nanochip - A nanochip is an integrated circuit (IC) that is so small, in physical terms, that individual particles of matter play major roles.
  • nanocomputer - A nanocomputer is a computer whose physical dimensions are microscopic.
  • nanocrystal - A nanocrystal is a crystalline particle with at least one dimension measuring less than 1000 nanometers (nm), where 1 nm is defined as 1 thousand-millionth of a meter (10-9 m).
  • nanofabrication - Nanofabrication is the design and manufacture of devices with dimensions measured in nanometers.
  • nanomachine (nanite) - A nanomachine, also called a nanite, is a mechanical or electromechanical device whose dimensions are measured in nanometers (millionths of a millimeter, or units of 10 -9 meter).
  • nanoManipulator - The nanoManipulator is a specialized nanorobot and microscopic viewing system for working with objects on an extremely small scale.
  • nanomedicine - Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology (the engineering of tiny machines) to the prevention and treatment of disease in the human body.
  • nanometer - A nanometer is a unit of spatial measurement that is 10-9 meter, or one billionth of a meter.
  • nanopaint - Nanopaint is a coating that can modify the properties of a surface or substance according to user-defined parameters.
  • nanosecond (ns or nsec) - (This definition follows U.
  • nanotechnology (molecular manufacturing) - Nanotechnology, also called molecular manufacturing, is a branch of engineering that deals with the design and manufacture of extremely small electronic circuits and mechanical devices built at the molecular level of matter.
  • nanotransistor - A nanotransistor is a transistor - the component that acts as an electronic signal switch or amplifier - that is near the scale of a billionth of a meter (or nanometer) in size.
  • nanotube (carbon nanotube) - A carbon nanotube (CNT) is a miniature cylindrical carbon structure that has hexagonal graphite molecules attached at the edges.
  • narrow AI (weak AI) - Narrow AI is an application of artificial intelligence technologies to enable a high-functioning system that replicates -- and perhaps surpasses -- human intelligence for a dedicated purpose.
  • narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) - Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) is a wireless internet of things (IoT) protocol using low-power wide area network (LPWAN) technology.
  • NAS Appliance - NAS appliances are commodity hardware that includes their own dedicated storage disks and RAID that can easily scale as more capacity is needed.
  • NAS enclosure (network-attached storage enclosure) - NAS enclosures provide shared storage to all users connected to a network, and vary in models appropriate for home offices to enterprises.
  • NAS filer (network-attached storage filer) - NAS filers add scalable, expandable storage for file-serving purposes in data sharing, cloud applications, Internet and enterprise networks, in both Fibre Channel SANs and Ethernet LANs.
  • NAS gateway - A NAS gateway is a NAS (network-attached storage) system in which the storage media are externally attached, typically over a Fibre Channel interface.
  • NASCAR slide - A NASCAR slide is marketing lingo for a PowerPoint slide filled with logos.
  • NASSCOM (National Association of Software and Services Companies) - The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) is a not-for-profit Indian consortium created to promote the development of the country's IT (information technology) and business process outsourcing (BPO) industries.
  • National Alliance for Health Information Technology (NAHIT) - The National Alliance for Health Information Technology, or NAHIT, was formed in 2002 in an effort to promote the use of health IT.
  • National Data Warehouse of Official Statistics - The National Data Warehouse of Official Statistics is a central repository of the statistical data gathered by India’s central ministries, state governments and union territories.
  • National eGovernance Plan (NeGP) - National eGovernance Plan (NeGP) is an initiative by the government of India to combine various e-governance systems around the country to create a national network that provides government services to all citizens electronically.
  • National Electrical Code (NEC) - National Electrical Code (NEC) is a set of regularly updated standards for the safe installation of electric wiring in the United States.
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) - The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) is the largest association of electrical goods and equipment and electronic medical imaging equipment manufacturers in the United States.
  • National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) - National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) is an Indian system of electronic transfer of money from one bank or bank branch to another.
  • National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) - The National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) was a government initiative first proposed under former President George W.
  • national identity card - A national identity card is a portable document, typically a plasticized card with digitally-embedded information, that someone is required or encouraged to carry as a means of confirming their identity.
  • National Informatics Centre (NIC) - The National Informatics Centre (NIC) is an institute set up by the Indian government in 1976 to drive its technology and e-governance initiatives.
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH) - The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the principal federal agency for health research in the United States.
  • National Population Register (NPR) of India - The National Population Register (NPR) is a database of the identities of all Indian residents.
  • national provider identifier (NPI) - A national provider identifier (NPI) is a unique ten-digit identification number required by HIPAA for covered healthcare providers in the United States.
  • National Quality Forum (NQF) - The National Quality Forum (NQF) is a nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.
  • National Security Agency (NSA) - The National Security Agency (NSA) is a federal government intelligence agency that is part of the United States Department of Defense and is managed under the authority of the director of national intelligence (DNI).
  • National Stock Exchange (NSE) of India - The National Stock Exchange (NSE), is a leading stock exchange in India.
  • National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) - The National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) is an Indian technical intelligence agency.
  • National Television Standards Committee (NTSC) - The NTSC (National Television Standards Committee) was responsible for developing, in 1953, a set of standard protocol for television (TV) broadcast transmission and reception in the United States.
  • National Vulnerability Database (NVD) - NVD (National Vulnerability Database) is a product of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Computer Security Division and is used by the U.
  • Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN) - The Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN) is a set of standards, services and policies that enable secure health information exchange (HIE) over the Internet.
  • native - In computer systems, native means "original" or "basic.
  • native app - A native application is a software program that is developed for use on a particular platform or device.
  • native code - Native code is computer programming (code) that is compiled to run with a particular processor and its set of instructions.
  • natural disaster recovery - Natural disaster recovery is the process of recovering data and resuming business operations following a natural disaster.
  • natural language - In computing, natural language refers to a human language such as English, Russian, German, or Japanese as distinct from the typically artificial command or programming language with which one usually talks to a computer.
  • natural language generation (NLG) - Natural language generation (NLG) is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) programming to produce written or spoken narratives from a data set.
  • natural language processing (NLP) - Natural language processing (NLP) is the ability of a computer program to understand human language as it is spoken and written -- referred to as natural language.
  • natural language query - A natural language query is input that consists solely of terms or phrases spoken normally or entered as they might be spoken, without any non-language characters, such as the plus symbol or the asterisk, and without any special format or alteration of syntax.
  • natural language understanding (NLU) - Natural language understanding (NLU) is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) that uses computer software to understand input in the form of sentences using text or speech.
  • natural number - A natural number is a number that occurs commonly and obviously in nature.
  • natural user interface (NUI) - A natural user interface (NUI) is a system for human-computer interaction that the user operates through intuitive actions related to natural, everyday human behavior.
  • NBAR (Network Based Application Recognition) - Network Based Application Recognition (NBAR) is a mechanism that classifies and regulates bandwidth for network applications to ensure that available resources are utilized as efficiently as possible.
  • NBASE-T Ethernet - NBASE-T Ethernet is an IEEE standard and Ethernet-signaling technology that allows existing twisted-pair copper cabling to exceed the cable's specified limit of 1 Gbps for distances of up to 100 meters.
  • NBMA (non-broadcast multiple access) - Non-broadcast multiple access (NBMA) is one of four network types in the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) communications protocol.
  • NCR (no country redirect) - An explanation of the NCR (no country redirect) search parameter.
  • NDIS (Network Driver Interface Specification) - NDIS (Network Driver Interface Specification) is a Windows specification for how communication protocol programs (such as TCP/IP) and network device driver should communicate with each other.
  • near-continuous data protection (near CDP) - Near-continuous data protection, sometimes called near-continuous protection, is a general term for backup and recovery products that take snapshots at set intervals.
  • near-end crosstalk (NEXT) - Near-end crosstalk (NEXT) is an error condition that can occur when connectors are attached to twisted pair cabling.
  • near-field communication (NFC) - Near-field communication (NFC) is a short-range wireless connectivity technology that uses magnetic field induction to enable communication between devices when they're touched together or brought within a few centimeters of each other.
  • nearables - Nearables are low-power transmitters that activate in the presence of a Bluetooth-enabled or Near Field Communication (NFC-enabled) computing device.
  • nearline storage - Nearline storage is the on-site storage of data on removable media.
  • nearshore outsourcing - Nearshore outsourcing is the practice of getting work done or services performed by people in neighboring countries rather than an organization's country.
  • Nebula - Nebula is an open source cloud computing program that provides on-demand computing power for NASA researchers and scientists.
  • needs assessment - A needs assessment is an exercise that identifies the difference between a current condition/state and the desired condition/state.
  • negative correlation - A negative correlation is a relationship between two variables such that as the value of one variable increases, the other decreases.
  • negative float (negative slack) - Negative float or slack is time that must be made up on a task on a project's critical path so that it does not delay the completion of a project.
  • neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV) - A neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV) is a type of battery-electric vehicle that is capable of traveling at a maximum speed of 25 mph and which has a maximum loaded weight of 3,000 lbs.
  • nematic liquid crystal - A nematic liquid crystal is a transparent or translucent liquid that causes the polarization (that is, the focusing in a plane) of light waves to change as the waves pass through the liquid.
  • Neo4j - Neo4j is a NoSQL graph database management system.
  • Nessus - Nessus is an open-source network vulnerability scanner that uses the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures architecture for easy cross-linking between compliant security tools.
  • Nest Labs - Nest Labs was a home automation specialist company that produced programmable Wi-Fi-enabled products that can be remotely controlled through a Web service or an associated smart home app.
  • nested - In general, something that is nested is fully contained within something else of the same kind.
  • nested VM (nested virtual machine) - A nested VM (nested virtual machine) is a virtual machine contained within another VM.
  • net income - Net income is the amount of money left after all the expenses of a business have been subtracted from the gross revenue for a given reporting period, such as a fiscal quarter.
  • net metering - Net metering is a utility resource usage and payment scheme in which a customer who generates their own power is compensated monetarily.
  • net neutrality - Net neutrality is the concept of an open, equal internet for everyone, regardless of content consumed or the device, application or platform used.
  • net price - The net price is the value at which a product or service is sold after all taxes and other costs are added and all discounts subtracted.
  • Net Promoter Score (NPS) - Net Promoter Score (NPS) is a metric for assessing customer loyalty for a company's brand, products or services.
  • net-zero energy building - A net-zero energy (NZE) building is one that produces as much energy, from renewable sources, as it uses.
  • NetApp - NetApp, formerly Network Appliance Inc.
  • NetApp Data Fabric - The products and services that compose NetApp’s Data Fabric are designed to provide customers with the agility they need to quickly and efficiently move data to and from the cloud.
  • NetApp SolidFire - NetApp SolidFire is a business division of NetApp Inc.
  • NetBeans - NetBeans is a Java-based integrated development environment (IDE).
  • NetBEUI (NetBIOS Extended User Interface) - NetBEUI (NetBIOS Extended User Interface) is a new, extended version of NetBIOS, the program that lets computers communicate within a local area network.
  • NetBIOS (Network Basic Input/Output System) - NetBIOS (Network Basic Input/Output System) is a network service that enables applications on different computers to communicate with each other across a local area network (LAN).
  • netbook - A netbook is a small, light, low-power notebook computer that has less processing power than a full-sized laptop but is still suitable for word processing, running a Web browser and connecting wirelessly to the Internet.
  • NETCONF - NETCONF is an IETF network management protocol that provides an administrator or network engineer with a secure way to configure a firewall, router, switch or other network device.
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