Software applicationsDefinitions related to software applications, including tech terms about software programs for vertical industries and words and phrases about software development, use and management.
12 - CON
- 12 factor app (twelve-factor app) - Twelve-factor app is a methodology for building distributed applications that run in the cloud and are delivered as a service.
- abandoned call - An abandoned call is a call or other type of contact initiated to a call center that is ended before any conversation occurs.
- absolute link - An absolute link is a hyperlink containing a full URL, which includes all the information needed to find a particular site, page or document or other addressable item on the Internet.
- accountability - Accountability is an assurance that an individual or an organization is evaluated on its performance or behavior related to something for which it is responsible.
- accountable care organization (ACO) - An accountable care organization (ACO) is an association of hospitals, healthcare providers and insurers in which all parties voluntarily assume financial and medical responsibility for Medicare patients.
- Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) - Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) is a server role in Active Directory that allows admins to manage and store information about resources from a network, as well as application data, in a distributed database.
- advanced planning and scheduling (APS) - Advanced planning and scheduling (APS) is a type of system that tracks costs based on the activities that are responsible for driving costs in the production of manufactured goods.
- adware - Adware is any software application in which an advertising banner or other advertising material displays or downloads while a program is running.
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) - The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is a U.
- agentless - Agentless, in computing, refers to operations where no service, daemon or process (AKA an agent) needs to run in the background on the machine the action is being performed on.
- Agile software development - Agile is a type of software development methodology that anticipates the need for flexibility and applies a level of pragmatism to the delivery of the finished product.
- AIDA marketing model - The AIDA marketing model is a marketing, advertising and sales approach methodology designed to provide insight into the customer's mind and represent the steps needed to cultivate leads and generate sales.
- alert fatigue - Alert fatigue, also called alarm fatigue, is an instance where an overwhelming number of alerts causes an individual to become desensitized to them.
- Allscripts - Allscripts is a vendor of electronic health record systems for physician practices, hospitals and healthcare systems.
- Amazon EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web-based service that allows businesses to run application programs in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.
- Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) - Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) is a scalable, high-speed, web-based cloud storage service.
- ambulatory medical record (AMR) - An ambulatory medical record (AMR) is an electronically stored file of a patient’s outpatient medical records, which includes all surgeries and care that do not involve being admitted to a hospital.
- Amdahl's law - Amdahl's law -- also known as Amdahl's argument -- is an intuitive observation and an associated formula.
- American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) - The American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) is a professional organization that promotes the business and clinical uses of electronic and paper-based medical information.
- American Medical Association (AMA) - The American Medical Association (AMA) is a physician group that works for healthcare reform and publishes a collection of medical journals.
- Anaplan - Anaplan is a web-based enterprise platform for business planning.
- Android OS - Android OS is a Linux-based mobile operating system that primarily runs on smartphones and tablets.
- anti-money laundering software (AML) - Anti-laundering software is a type of computer program used by financial institutions to analyze customer data and detect suspicious transactions.
- anti-spyware software - Anti-spyware software is a type of program designed to prevent and detect unwanted spyware program installations and to remove those programs if installed.
- Apache JMeter - Apache JMeter is an open source, Java-based load testing tool that can analyze the functional behavior of a system and measure the performance of a system under a load test.
- Apache Mesos - Apache Mesos is a cluster manager that isolates and shares pooled resources from across clusters with applications and frameworks.
- API gateway - An API gateway is a software pattern that sits in front of an application programming interface (API) or group of microservices, to facilitate requests and delivery of data and services.
- API key - An API key is a unique identifier used to connect to, or perform, an API call.
- app wrapping (application wrapping) - App wrapping is the process of applying a management layer to a mobile app without requiring any changes to the underlying application.
- Apple AirDrop - Apple AirDrop is a native feature in iOS and macOS that lets users share data from one device to another on the same Wi-Fi network.
- applet - An applet is a small computer program that performs a specific task.
- applicant tracking system (ATS) - An applicant tracking system (ATS) is software that manages the recruiting and hiring process, including job postings and job applications.
- application - An application, also referred to as an application program or application software, is a computer software package that performs a specific function directly for an end user or, in some cases, for another application.
- application architecture - An application architecture is a structural map of how an organization's software applications are assembled and how those applications interact with each other to meet business or user requirements.
- application lifecycle management (ALM) - Application lifecycle management (ALM) is an integrated system of people, tools and processes that supervise a software application from its initial planning and development, through testing and maintenance, and into decommissioning and retirement.
- application manager (app manager) - An application manager (app manager) is programming for overseeing the installation, patching and updating and perhaps access of software applications.
- application portfolio management (APM) - Application portfolio management (APM) is a framework for managing enterprise IT software applications and software-based services.
- application programming interface (API) - An application programming interface (API) is code that enables two software programs to communicate.
- application rationalization (AR) - Application rationalization is the process of identifying which business applications should be kept, replaced, retired or consolidated across an organization to improve business operations.
- application sandboxing - Application sandboxing, also called application containerization, is an approach to software development and management and mobile application management (MAM) that limits the environments in which certain code can execute.
- application service provider (ASP) - An application service provider (ASP) is a company that offers individuals or enterprises access to applications and related services over the internet.
- application streaming - Application streaming is an on-demand software delivery model that takes advantage of the fact that most applications require only a small fraction of their total program code to run.
- artificial intelligence (AI) - Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems.
- asset turnover ratio - The asset turnover ratio is a measurement that shows how efficiently a company is using its owned resources to generate revenue or sales.
- athenahealth Inc. - athenahealth Inc.
- augmented reality (AR) - Augmented reality (AR) is the integration of digital information with the user's environment in real time.
- auto attendant (automated attendant) - An automated attendant (AA) is a telephony system that transfers incoming calls to various extensions as specified by callers, without the intervention of a human operator.
- autocorrect - Autocorrect is a word processing feature that identifies misspelled words, and uses algorithms to identify the words most likely to have been intended, and edits the text accordingly.
- automated testing - Automated testing is a process that validates if software is functioning appropriately and meeting requirements before it is released into production.
- Bar Coded Medication Administration (BCMA) - Bar Coded Medication Administration (BCMA) is a hospital inventory control system that uses barcodes in the distribution of prescription medications with the goal of ensuring the patient is receiving the correct medication.
- batch file - A batch file is a script file that stores commands to be executed in a serial order.
- beta test - In software development, a beta test is the second phase of software testing in which a sampling of the intended audience tries the product out.
- biomedical informatics - Biomedical informatics is the branch of health informatics that uses data to help clinicians, researchers and scientists improve human health and provide healthcare.
- blue/green deployment - A blue/green deployment is a change management strategy for releasing software code.
- Bourne shell - The Bourne shell is the original Unix shell -- command execution program, often called a command interpreter -- that was developed in 1979 at what at the time was Bell Labs.
- BSA | The Software Alliance - BSA | The Software Alliance is an advocate for public policies that foster technology innovation and drive economic growth.
- bulletin board system (BBS) - A bulletin board system (BBS) is a computer or an application dedicated to the sharing or exchange of messages or other files on a network.
- business analytics - Business analytics (BA) is the iterative, methodical exploration of an organization's data, with an emphasis on statistical analysis.
- business intelligence (BI) - Business intelligence (BI) is a technology-driven process for analyzing data and delivering actionable information that helps executives, managers and workers make informed business decisions.
- business process automation (BPA) - Business process automation (BPA) is the use of advanced technology to complete business processes with minimal human intervention.
- cache thrash - Cache thrash is caused by an ongoing computer activity that fails to progress due to excessive use of resources or conflicts in the caching system.
- call center - A call center is a centralized department that handles inbound and outbound calls from current and potential customers.
- CAVE (Cave Automatic Virtual Environment) - CAVE (Cave Automatic Virtual Environment) is a virtual reality (VR) environment consisting of a cube-shaped VR room or a room-scale area in which the walls, floors and ceilings are projection screens.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Promoting a healthy general public and sharing data about chronic diseases are main goals of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
- Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) - The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is the wing of the U.
- Cerner Corp. - Cerner Corp.
- challenge-response authentication - In computer security, challenge-response authentication is a set of protocols used to protect digital assets and services from unauthorized users, programs or activities.
- change control - Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.
- Change Healthcare - Change Healthcare is a healthcare technology provider of revenue cycle management, payment management and health information exchange (HIE) solutions.
- channel partner portal - A channel partner portal is a web-based application that provides a vendor's established partners (usually distributors, resellers, service providers or other strategic partners) with access to deal registration, marketing resources, pricing and sales information for products and services, as well as technical details and support that are unavailable to other end users.
- Chaos Monkey - Chaos Monkey is a software tool that was developed by Netflix engineers to test the resiliency and recoverability of their Amazon Web Services (AWS).
- charge-coupled device - A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a light-sensitive integrated circuit that captures images by converting photons to electrons.
- Chief Health Informatics Officer (CHIO) - The Chief Health Informatics Officer (CHIO) is a strategic, executive-level position responsible for developing, managing and applying health IT, health informatics and information management strategies.
- chief integration officer (CIO) - A chief integration officer (CIO) is a corporate executive in charge of ensuring the coordination of all interacting systems within the enterprise and its extended environments.
- CICS (Customer Information Control System) - CICS (Customer Information Control System) is middleware that sits between the z/OS IBM mainframe operating system and business applications.
- citizen development - Citizen development is a business process that encourages non-IT-trained employees to become software developers, using IT-sanctioned low-code/no-code (LCNC) platforms to create business applications.
- clinical data analyst - A clinical data analyst is a healthcare information professional who verifies the validity of scientific experiments and gathered data from research.
- clinical decision support system (CDSS) - A clinical decision support system (CDSS) is an application that analyzes data to help healthcare providers make decisions and improve patient care.
- Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) - Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) is a markup standard created by Health Level 7 International (HL7) that defines the structure of discharge summaries, progress notes and other medical records.
- clinical documentation (healthcare) - Clinical documentation (CD) is the creation of a digital or analog record detailing a medical treatment, medical trial or clinical test.
- clinical informatics - Clinical informatics, also known as health informatics, is the study of how technology and data analytics can be used to improve patient care plans.
- clinical trial - A clinical trial, also known as a clinical research study, is a protocol to evaluate the effects and efficacy of experimental medical treatments or behavioral interventions on health outcomes.
- clipboard - A clipboard is a temporary storage area for data that the user wants to copy from one place to another.
- cloud application performance management (cloud APM) - Cloud application performance management (cloud APM) is the process of monitoring resources that support software application performance in public cloud, private cloud and hybrid cloud environments, and ultimately taking actions to resolve issues and maintain optimal performance.
- cloud bursting - Cloud bursting is an application deployment technique in which an application runs in a private cloud or data center and bursts into a public cloud when the demand for computing capacity spikes.
- cloud services - Cloud services is an umbrella term that may refer to a variety of resources provided over the internet, or to professional services that support the deployment of such cloud-based resources.
- clustered file system (CFS) - Clustered file systems are file systems that run on multiple storage servers and can be accessed and managed as a single system.
- CMIO (Chief Medical Information Officer) - A Chief Medical Information Officer, or CMIO, essentially serves as the bridge between medical and IT departments at a health care organization.
- cognitive modeling - Cognitive modeling is an area of computer science that deals with simulating human problem-solving and mental processing in a computerized model.
- cold backup (offline backup) - A cold backup, also called an offline backup, is a database backup during which the database is offline and not accessible to update.
- common working file (CWF) - A common working file (CWF) is a tool used by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to maintain national Medicare records for individual beneficiaries enrolled in the program.
- compatibility test - A compatibility test is an assessment used to ensure a software application is properly working across different browsers, databases, operating systems (OS), mobile devices, networks and hardware.
- compliance - Compliance is the state of being in accordance with established guidelines or specifications, or the process of becoming so.
- compliance audit - A compliance audit is a comprehensive review of an organization's adherence to regulatory guidelines.
- computer assisted coding system (CACS) - A computer assisted coding system (CACS) is medical software that reviews healthcare forms, including electronic health records, and assigns appropriate medical codes to its findings.
- computerized physician order entry (CPOE) - Computerized physician order entry (CPOE), also known as computerized provider order entry or computerized practitioner order entry, refers to the process of a medical professional entering and sending medication orders and treatment instructions electronically via a computer application instead of on paper charts.