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Software applications

Definitions related to software applications, including tech terms about software programs for vertical industries and words and phrases about software development, use and management.

12 - CDN

  • 12 factor app (twelve-factor app) - Twelve-factor app is a methodology for building distributed applications that run in the cloud and are delivered as a service.
  • 21st Century Cures Act - The 21st Century Cures Act is a wide-ranging healthcare bill that funds medical research and development, medical device innovation, mental health research and care, opioid addiction treatment and prevention, and health information technology.
  • abandoned call - An abandoned call is a call or other type of contact initiated to a call center that is ended before any conversation occurs.
  • absolute link - An absolute link is a hyperlink containing a full URL, which includes all the information needed to find a particular site, page or document or other addressable item on the Internet.
  • accountability - Accountability means being held responsible or answerable for one's actions (or perhaps lack of action where one should have been taken).
  • accountable care organization (ACO) - An accountable care organization (ACO) is an association of hospitals, healthcare providers and insurers in which all parties voluntarily assume financial and medical responsibility for Medicare patients.
  • ACF2 or CA-ACF2 (Access Control Facility) - ACF2 (more formally, CA-ACF2; the ACF stands for Access Control Facility) is a set of programs from Computer Associates that enable security on mainframes.
  • Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) - Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) is a server role in Active Directory that allows admins to manage and store information about resources from a network, as well as application data, in a distributed database.
  • ad blocker - An ad blocker is a software product that prevents advertisements from appearing with the content the user is intentionally viewing.
  • add-in - Add-in is a term used, especially by Microsoft, for a software utility or other program that can be added to a primary program.
  • advanced planning and scheduling (APS) - Advanced planning and scheduling (APS) is a type of system that tracks costs based on the activities that are responsible for driving costs in the production of manufactured goods.
  • adware - Adware is any software application in which an advertising banner or other advertising material displays or downloads while a program is running.
  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) - The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is a U.
  • agentless - Agentless, in computing, refers to operations where no service, daemon or process (AKA an agent) needs to run in the background on the machine the action is being performed on.
  • Agile Software Development - Agile software development -- also referred to simply as Agile -- is a type of development methodology that anticipates the need for flexibility and applies a level of pragmatism to the delivery of the finished product.
  • AIDA marketing model - The AIDA marketing model is a marketing, advertising and sales approach methodology designed to provide insight into the customer's mind and represent the steps needed to cultivate leads and generate sales.
  • AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) - AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a technique aimed at creating better and faster interactive web apps by combining several programming tools including JavaScript, dynamic HTML (DHTML) and Extensible Markup Language (XML).
  • alarm management - Alarm management is a system for prioritizing, grouping and classifying alerts and event notifications used in supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA).
  • alert fatigue - Alert fatigue, also called alarm fatigue, is an instance where an overwhelming number of alerts causes an individual to become desensitized to them.
  • Allscripts - Allscripts is a vendor of electronic health record systems for physician practices, hospitals and healthcare systems.
  • Alpha TransForm (Alpha Software) - Alpha TransForm is a mobile app development and deployment platform that allows developers and individuals to build and deploy mobile apps that can be integrated into enterprise workflows.
  • Amazon EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web-based service that allows businesses to run application programs in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.
  • Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) - Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) is a scalable, high-speed, web-based cloud storage service.
  • ambulatory medical record (AMR) - An ambulatory medical record (AMR) is an electronically stored file of a patient’s outpatient medical records, which includes all surgeries and care that do not involve being admitted to a hospital.
  • American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) - The American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) is a professional organization that promotes the business and clinical uses of electronic and paper-based medical information.
  • American Medical Association (AMA) - The American Medical Association (AMA) is a physician group that works for healthcare reform and publishes a collection of medical journals.
  • American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) - The American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) is a group of individuals from myriad disciplines who convene in the interest of improving health informatics as it relates to patient care, teaching, research and related aspects of health care policy.
  • American Telemedicine Association (ATA) - American Telemedicine Association (ATA) is a non-profit organization that strives to promote telemedicine (medical care delivered through the use of telecommunications technology).
  • Android OS - Android OS is a Linux-based mobile operating system that primarily runs on smartphones and tablets.
  • anti-money laundering software (AML) - Anti-laundering software is a type of computer program used by financial institutions to analyze customer data and detect suspicious transactions.
  • anti-spyware software - Anti-spyware software is a type of program designed to prevent and detect unwanted spyware program installations and to remove those programs if installed.
  • Apache JMeter - Apache JMeter is an open source, Java-based load testing tool that can analyze the functional behavior of a system and measure the performance of a system under a load test.
  • Apache Mesos - Apache Mesos is a cluster manager that isolates and shares pooled resources from across clusters with applications and frameworks.
  • API gateway - An API gateway is a software pattern that sits in front of an application programming interface (API) or group of microservices, to facilitate requests and delivery of data and services.
  • API key - An API key is a unique identifier used to connect to, or perform, an API call.
  • API testing - API testing is a type of software testing that analyzes an application program interface (API) to verify it fulfills its expected functionality, security, performance and reliability.
  • app monetization - App monetization is how an app developer can make money from a mobile app, which most users expect to be able to access for free.
  • app virtualization (application virtualization) - App virtualization (application virtualization) is the separation of an installation of an application from the client computer that is accessing it.
  • app wrapping (application wrapping) - App wrapping is the process of applying a management layer to a mobile app without requiring any changes to the underlying application.
  • applet - An applet (little application) is a small software program that supports a larger application program.
  • applicant tracking system (ATS) - An applicant tracking system (ATS) is software that manages the recruiting and hiring process, including job postings and job applications.
  • application - An application, also referred to as an application program or application software, is a computer software package that performs a specific function directly for an end user or, in some cases, for another application.
  • application architecture - An application architecture is a structural map of how an organization's software applications are assembled and how those applications interact with each other to meet business or user requirements.
  • application awareness - Application awareness is the capacity of a system to maintain information about connected applications to optimize their operation and that of any subsystems that they run or control.
  • application clustering (software clustering) - Application clustering (sometimes called software clustering) is a method of turning multiple computer servers into a cluster (a group of servers that acts like a single system).
  • Application Compatibility Toolkit (ACT) - Application Compatibility Toolkit (ACT) is a set of freely downloadable program utilities and related documents from Microsoft for ensuring compatibility among application programs in Windows operating systems, especially in a large network environment.
  • application lifecycle management (ALM) - Application lifecycle management (ALM) is an integrated system of people, tools and processes that supervise a software application from its initial planning and development, through testing and maintenance, and into decommissioning and retirement.
  • application manager (app manager) - An application manager (app manager) is programming for overseeing the installation, patching and updating and perhaps access of software applications.
  • application modernization - Application modernization is the refactoring, re-purposing or consolidation of legacy software programming to align it more closely with current business needs.
  • application monitoring and management (AMM) - Application monitoring and management is the administrative area and associated tools involved with overseeing the operation of business software and ensuring that it functions and performs as expected.
  • application performance monitoring (APM) - Application performance monitoring (APM) is the collection of tools and processes designed to help information technology (IT) professionals ensure that the applications users work with meet performance standards and provide a valuable user experience (UX).
  • application portfolio management (APM) - Application portfolio management (APM) is a framework for managing enterprise IT software applications and software-based services.
  • application program interface (API) - An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.
  • application rationalization (AR) - Application rationalization is the process of identifying which business applications should be kept, replaced, retired or consolidated across an organization to improve business operations.
  • application sandboxing - Application sandboxing, also called application containerization, is an approach to software development and management and mobile application management (MAM) that limits the environments in which certain code can execute.
  • application service provider (ASP) - An application service provider (ASP) is a company that offers individuals or enterprises access to applications and related services over the internet.
  • application streaming - Application streaming is an on-demand software delivery model that takes advantage of the fact that most applications require only a small fraction of their total program code to run.
  • ARKit - ARKit (Apple ARKit) is Apple’s augmented reality (AR) development platform for iOS mobile devices.
  • artificial passenger (AP) - An artificial passenger (AP) is a device that would be used in a motor vehicle to make sure that the driver stays awake.
  • asset management - Asset management is a financial service offered by professional firms for the holding, transferring, buying and selling of different types of cash and investments.
  • asset turnover ratio - The asset turnover ratio is a measurement that shows how efficiently a company is using its owned resources to generate revenue or sales.
  • athenahealth Inc. - athenahealth Inc.
  • augmented reality (AR) - Augmented reality (AR) is the integration of digital information with live video or the user's environment in real time.
  • auto attendant (automated attendant) - An automated attendant (AA) is a telephony system that transfers incoming calls to various extensions as specified by callers, without the intervention of a human operator.
  • auto-correct - Auto-correct is a type of software program that identifies misspelled words, uses algorithms to identify the word most likely to have been intended, and edits the text accordingly.
  • autoblog - An autoblog is a blog with content that is automatically gathered and compiled from RSS feeds.
  • Automated License Plate Recognition (ALPR) - Automated License Plate Recognition (ALPR) is a technology that uses optical character recognition (OCR) to automatically read license plate characters.
  • automated testing - Automated testing is a process that validates if software is functioning appropriately and meeting requirements before it is released into production.
  • automatic content classification - Automatic content classification is a process for managing text and unstructured information by categorizing or clustering text.
  • AWS Device Farm - AWS Device Farm is an Amazon Web Services (AWS) mobile app testing service for Android or Fire OS-based devices.
  • bag of words model (BoW model) - The bag of words model (BoW model) is a reduced and simplified representation of a text document with selected parts of the text.
  • Bar Coded Medication Administration (BCMA) - Bar Coded Medication Administration (BCMA) is a hospital inventory control system that uses barcodes in the distribution of prescription medications with the goal of ensuring the patient is receiving the correct medication.
  • batch - In a computer, a batch job is a program that is assigned to the computer to run without further user interaction.
  • batch file - A batch file is a script file that stores commands to be executed in a serial order.
  • Bayesian filter - A Bayesian filter is a program that uses Bayesian logic, also called Bayesian analysis, to evaluate the header and content of an incoming e-mail message and determine the probability that it constitutes spam.
  • beta test - In software development, a beta test is the second phase of software testing in which a sampling of the intended audience tries the product out.
  • Bezier curve - A Bezier curve is a mathematically defined curve used in two-dimensional graphic applications.
  • Bidirectional Health Information Exchange (BHIE) - Bidirectional Health Information Exchange (BHIE) is a health information sharing project that builds on the previously established Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE) program.
  • biofeedback - Biofeedback is a system that monitors biological data from users and trains them to improve their physiological responses, with the goal of improving physical and mental health and performance.
  • biomedical informatics - Biomedical informatics is the branch of health informatics that uses data to help clinicians, researchers and scientists improve human health and provide healthcare.
  • block - A block is a contiguous set of bits or bytes that forms an identifiable unit of data.
  • Blue Cloud - Blue Cloud is an approach to shared infrastructure developed by IBM.
  • blue/green deployment - A blue/green deployment is a change management strategy for releasing software code.
  • brainjacking - Brainjacking is the hacking of neural implants, surgically implanted devices, which interface with the brain and the central nervous system.
  • brand journalism - Brand journalism is a mix of content marketing, public relations and corporate communications.
  • BREW (Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless) - BREW (Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless) is Qualcomm's open source application development platform for wireless devices equipped for code division multiple access (CDMA) technology.
  • BSA | The Software Alliance - BSA | The Software Alliance is an advocate for public policies that foster technology innovation and drive economic growth.
  • building information modeling (BIM) - Building information modeling (BIM) is traditional architectural computer aided design (CAD) with 3D modeling that also incorporates best practice processes and additional information about specifications, materials, functionality, maintenance and even continued history.
  • bulletin board system (BBS) - A bulletin board system (BBS) is a computer or an application dedicated to the sharing or exchange of messages or other files on a network.
  • business analytics - Business analytics (BA) is the iterative, methodical exploration of an organization's data, with an emphasis on statistical analysis.
  • business event management - Business event management is the practice of incorporating business logic into labeling events, communicating events and handling events.
  • business intelligence (BI) - Business intelligence (BI) is a technology-driven process for analyzing data and delivering actionable information that helps executives, managers and workers make informed business decisions.
  • Business Planning and Control System (BPCS) - Business Planning and Control System (BPCS) is a popular system of application programs for manufacturing and other industries that is developed and sold by Systems Software Associates (SSA).
  • business process automation (BPA) - Business process automation (BPA) is the use of advanced technology to complete business processes with minimal human intervention.
  • cache thrash - Cache thrash is caused by an ongoing computer activity that fails to progress due to excessive use of resources or conflicts in the caching system.
  • calibration management software (CMS) - Calibration management software (CMS) is software designed to schedule the calibration of instrumentation and maintenance requirements in all types of industrial settings.
  • call center - A call center is a centralized department that handles inbound and outbound calls from current and potential customers.
  • CAVE (Cave Automatic Virtual Environment) - CAVE (Cave Automatic Virtual Environment) is a virtual reality environment consisting of a cube-shaped room in which the walls, floors and ceilings are projection screens.
  • CDN (content delivery network) - A CDN (content delivery network), also called a content distribution network, is a group of geographically distributed and interconnected servers.
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    Parameter tampering is a type of web-based cyber attack in which certain parameters in a URL are changed without a user's ...

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  • e-business (electronic business)

    E-business (electronic business) is the conduct of business processes on the internet.

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    Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business ...

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    The chief procurement officer, or CPO, leads an organization's procurement department and oversees the acquisitions of goods and ...

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  • first call resolution (FCR)

    First call resolution (FCR) is when customer service agents properly address a customer's needs the first time they call.

  • customer intelligence (CI)

    Customer intelligence (CI) is the process of collecting and analyzing detailed customer data from internal and external sources ...

  • clickstream data (clickstream analytics)

    Clickstream data and clickstream analytics are the processes involved in collecting, analyzing and reporting aggregate data about...

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