Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

136 - BAC

  • 136 browser colors with names - Some Web page creators prefer to specify colors by name rather than by hexadecimal red-green-blue (RGB) intensity value.
  • 24x7 (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) - 24x7 means "24 hours a day, 7 days a week" and is used to describe a service, such as computer server monitoring, that is continuous, is always available (day or night), or involves products that can run constantly without disruption or downtime.
  • 2D barcode (two-dimensional barcode) - A 2D (two-dimensional) barcode is a graphical image that stores information horizontally as one-dimensional barcodes do, as well as vertically.
  • 3-D (three dimensions or three-dimensional) - In computers, 3-D (three dimensions or three-dimensional) describes an image that provides the perception of depth.
  • 3-D printing (additive manufacturing) - 3-D printing is a manufacturing process that builds layers to create a three-dimensional solid object from a digital model.
  • 3-D scanner - A 3-D scanner is an imaging device that collects distance point measurements from a real-world object and translates them into a virtual 3-D object.
  • 3270 (Information Display System) - The 3270 Information Display System, a product from IBM, was, prior to the arrival of the PC, the way that almost the entire corporate world interfaced with a computer.
  • 360-degree photograph - 360-degree photos simulate being in the shoes of a photographer and looking around to the left, right, up and down as desired as well as sometimes zooming.
  • 360-degree VR (360-degree virtual reality) - 360-degree VR (360-degree virtual reality) is an audiovisual simulation of an altered, augmented or substituted environment that surrounds the user, allowing them to look around them in all directions, just as they can in real life.
  • 3D audio (three-dimensional audio) - 3D audio is a simulation of the natural positioning of sounds for various applications including video presentations and games, virtual environments and sound stages.
  • 3D camera - A 3D camera is an imaging device that enables the perception of depth in images to replicate three dimensions as experienced through human binocular vision.
  • 3D gaming - 3D gaming is interactive computer entertainment that is graphically presented in the three dimensions of height, width and depth; the addition of depth to 2D gaming enabled the exploration of virtual worlds with more realistic representation.
  • 3D mesh - A 3D mesh is the structural build of a 3D model consisting of polygons.
  • 3D modeling - 3-D modeling is the use of software to create a virtual three-dimensional model of some physical object.
  • 3D mouse - A 3D mouse is a pointing and control device specialized for movement in virtual 3D (three-dimensional) environments.
  • 404 error page - A 404 page is the webpage served to a user who tries to access a page that is unavailable.
  • 64-bit processor (64-bit computing) - A 64-bit processor refers to a microprocessor that can process data and instructions in chunks of 64 bits.
  • 720p - 720p is the standard high-definition (HD) display resolution of 1280x720 pixels, with progressive scanning, at a 16x9 aspect ratio.
  • A2P messaging (application to person messaging) - A2P messaging (application to person messaging), also known as enterprise or business SMS, is a type of SMS messaging technique where a text is sent from a software application run by an enterprise to a consumer's device.
  • abacus - An abacus is a manual aid to calculating that consists of beads or disks that can be moved up and down on a series of sticks or strings within a usually wooden frame.
  • AC-3 (Dolby Digital) - AC-3, also known as Dolby Digital, is a perceptual digital audio coding technique that reduces the amount of data needed to produce high-quality sound.
  • accelerometer - An accelerometer is a device that measures changes in gravitational acceleration in a device it may be installed in.
  • acceptable spam report rate - An acceptable spam report rate is a metric set for how many of a company's marketing or status emails are reported as spam, also known as "junk mail," or unsolicited bulk messages sent through email.
  • acceptable use policy (AUP) - An acceptable use policy (AUP) is a policy that a user must agree to follow in order to be provided with access to a network or to the Internet.
  • ActionScript - ActionScript is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language that is designed specifically for Web site animation.
  • active cooling - Active cooling is the use of fans to reduce the heat of computer components.
  • active man-in-the-middle attack (MitM) - Active man-in-the-middle (MitM) is an attack method that allows an intruder to access sensitive information by intercepting and altering communications between the user of a public network and a requested website.
  • ad blocker - An ad blocker is a software product that prevents advertisements from appearing with the content the user is intentionally viewing.
  • add-on - An add-on is either a hardware unit that can be added to a computer to increase its capabilities or a program utility that enhances a primary program.
  • Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) - Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is a procedure for mapping a dynamic IP address to a permanent physical machine address in a local area network (LAN).
  • adulting - Adulting is the assumption of tasks and behaviors associated with normal grown-up life, along with the implication that the individual in question does not particularly identify as an adult.
  • adware - Adware is any software application in which an advertising banner or other advertising material displays or downloads while a program is running.
  • AI hearing aid - An AI hearing aid is a wearable device that can incorporate capabilities such as fitness tracking, audio streaming and translation in addition to the conventional function of enhancing sound for the user.
  • AI winter - AI winter is a quiet period for artificial intelligence research and development.
  • Alexa Voice Services (AVS) - Alexa Voice Service (AVS) is Amazon's suite of services built around its voice-controlled AI assistant for the home or other environments.
  • aliasing - In sound and image generation, aliasing is the generation of a false (alias) frequency along with the correct one when doing frequency sampling.
  • alt text (alternative text) - Alt text (alternative text) is a word or phrase that can be inserted as an attribute in an HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) document to tell Web site viewers the nature or contents of an image.
  • Amazon - Amazon is the world’s largest online retailer.
  • Amazon Prime - Amazon Prime is a subscription membership to Amazon that offers customers premium services for a yearly or monthly fee.
  • Amazon Prime Air drone - Amazon's Prime Air drone is a delivery system in development that uses remote-controlled robotic vehicles to transport goods from the warehouse to the consumer.
  • ambient intelligence (AmI) - Ambient intelligence (AmI) is the element of a pervasive computing environment that enables it to interact with and respond appropriately to the humans in that environment.
  • ambient temperature - Ambient temperature is the air temperature of any object or environment where equipment is stored.
  • AMOLED (active matrix OLED) - AMOLED (Active Matrix OLED) is a screen technology based on pixels made of tiny red, blue and green organic material-based light emitting diodes.
  • AMR (Audio/Modem Riser or AMR slot) - AMR (Audio/Modem Riser) is a specification developed by Intel for packaging the analog I/O audio functions of modem circuitry together with a codec chip (which converts back and forth from analog to digital) on a small board that plugs directly into a computer's motherboard.
  • Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich (ICS) - Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich (ICS) is a version of Google’s mobile operating system.
  • Android Factory Reset - Android Factory Reset is a feature that erases all device settings, user data, third-party applications, and associated application data from an Android device’s internal flash storage to return the device to the condition it was in when shipped from the factory.
  • animated GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) - An animated GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) file is a graphic image on a Web page that moves - for example, a twirling icon or a banner with a hand that waves or letters that magically get larger.
  • anime - Anime (pronounced AH-nee-may) is a term for a style of Japanese comic book and video cartoon animation in which the main characters have large doe-like eyes.
  • anonymous FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - Using the Internet's File Transfer Protocol (FTP), anonymous FTP is a method for giving users access to files so that they don't need to identify themselves to the server.
  • anti-replay protocol - The anti-replay protocol provides Internet Protocol (IP) packet-level security by making it impossible for a hacker to intercept message packets and insert changed packets into the data stream between a source computer and a destination computer.
  • Apache - Apache is a freely available Web server that is distributed under an "open source" license.
  • app - App is an abbreviated form of the word "application.
  • Apple AirDrop - Apple AirDrop is a feature on iOS and OS X devices that allows users to transfer data over the same Wi-Fi network from one Apple device to another.
  • Apple AirPlay - Apple AirPlay is a content streaming and interactive display control feature that is integrated in Mac OS, iOS and Apple TV as well as a number of Apple devices, including AirPlay-enabled speakers.
  • Apple Authorized Reseller (AAR) - An Apple Authorized Reseller (AAR) is a business partner that has entered into a contractual relationship with Apple Computer Inc.
  • Apple Bonjour - Apple Bonjour is a group of networking technologies designed to help devices and applications discover each other on the same network.
  • Apple CarPlay - Apple CarPlay is an automotive software interface that integrates an end user's iPhone’s operating system (OS) with a car's infotainment display.
  • Apple Configurator - Apple Configurator is a free Mac OS X tool for configuring and deploying iOS devices in the enterprise by using a physical USB connection.
  • Apple iMessage (Apple instant message) - Apple iMessage (Apple instant message) is an instant messenger service developed by Apple Inc.
  • Apple iPad Pro - Apple iPad Pro is the company's large, powerful, high-resolution tablet, aimed at users who require graphics-heavy applications and a PC-like screen and interface.
  • Apple iWork - Apple iWork is a productivity software suite for computers and mobile devices running Mac OS X and iOS operating systems (OSes).
  • Apple Live Photos - Apple Live Photos, first available on the iPhone 6s, turn pictures into short videos by capturing movement and sound in the seconds before and after a user takes a photo.
  • Apple OS X Mavericks - Apple OS X Mavericks is version 10.
  • Apple Pay - Apple Pay is a contactless mobile financial transactions service developed for Apple devices.
  • Apple Push Notification service (APNs) - Apple Push Notification service (APNs) is a cloud service that allows approved third-party apps installed on Apple devices to send push notifications from a remote server to users over a secure connection.
  • Apple Smart Keyboard - Apple's Smart Keyboard is a detachable, full-size, text input device designed for the iPad Pro.
  • Apple Swift - Apple Swift is Apple's programming language for IOS, WatchOS, TVOS, MacOS and Linux.
  • Apple Watch - Apple Watch is Apple's entry into the smartwatch market.
  • Apple Watch OS (Apple Watch operating system) - The operating system for Apple Watch is designed to take advantage of the wearable nature of the device with features such as Glances that cater to the smaller screen and its location on the user's wrist.
  • appliance (network appliance) - An appliance or "network appliance" is a term used to denote a relatively low-cost PC designed for Internet access and specialized business use, but without the capabilities of a fully-equipped PC.
  • application server - An application server is a server program in a computer in a distributed network that provides the business logic for an application program.
  • Archie - Archie is a program that allows you to search the files of all the Internet FTP servers that offer anonymous FTP.
  • areal density - Areal density measures the amount of data that can be stored on a given amount of physical space on a disk drive.
  • ARKit - ARKit (Apple ARKit) is Apple’s augmented reality (AR) development platform for iOS mobile devices.
  • artificial passenger (AP) - An artificial passenger (AP) is a device that would be used in a motor vehicle to make sure that the driver stays awake.
  • artificial personality (AP) - An artificial personality (AP) is a collection of characteristics, tendencies and behavioral quirks assigned to a chatbot, digital assistant, robot or video game character.
  • AS1 (Applicability Statement 1) - AS1 (Applicability Statement is a specification for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) communications between businesses using e-mail protocols.
  • ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) - ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) is the most common character encoding format for text data in computers and on the internet.
  • ASIO (Audio Stream Input/Output) - ASIO (Audio Stream Input/Output), developed by Steinberg, is a cross-platform, multi-channel audio transfer protocol that is being adopted by many of the manufacturers of audio/MIDI sequencing applications.
  • ASMR (autonomous sensory meridian response) - Autonomic sensory meridian response (ASMR) is a tingling sensation that some people experience when exposed to particular types of auditory or visual stimuli such as whispering, tapping and slow movements.
  • aspect ratio - Aspect ratio is an image projection attribute that describes the proportional relationship between the width of an image and its height.
  • at sign (address sign or @) - On the Internet, @ (pronounced "at" or "at sign" or "address sign") is the symbol in an e-mail address that separates the name of the user from the user's Internet address, as in this hypothetical e-mail address example: [email protected]
  • ATAPI (AT Attachment Packet Interface) - ATAPI (AT Attachment Packet Interface) is an interface between your computer and attached CD-ROM drives and tape backup drives.
  • atomic clock (NIST-F1) - An atomic clock is the most accurate type of timepiece in the world, designed to measure time according to vibrations within atom s.
  • attention economy - The attention economy is the collective human capacity to engage with the many elements in our environments that demand mental focus.
  • attention management - Attention management is an area of endeavor seeking to optimize the way people allocate their limited capacity for focused mental engagement.
  • ATX - ATX is an industry-wide specification for a desktop computer's motherboard.
  • audio - Audio is sound within the acoustic range available to humans.
  • augmented reality (AR) - Augmented reality (AR) is the integration of digital information with live video or the user's environment in real time.
  • augmented reality app (AR app) - An augmented reality app (AR app) is a software application that integrates digital visual content (and sometimes audio and other types) into the user’s real-world environment.
  • augmented reality gaming (AR gaming) - Unlike virtual reality gaming, which often requires a separate room or confined area to create an immersive environment, augmented reality gaming uses the existing environment and creates a playing field within it.
  • auto attendant (automated attendant) - An automated attendant (AA) is a telephony system that transfers incoming calls to various extensions as specified by callers, without the intervention of a human operator.
  • auto-correct - Auto-correct is a type of software program that identifies misspelled words, uses algorithms to identify the word most likely to have been intended, and edits the text accordingly.
  • autofill - Autofill is a feature in software programs and applications that automatically inserts previously-entered information for the user’s convenience.
  • Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA) - Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA) is a feature of Windows-based operating systems (included in Windows 98, ME, 2000, and XP) that enables a computer to automatically assign itself an IP address when there is no Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server available to perform that function.
  • autonomous system (AS) - An autonomous system (AS) in networking is a collection of one or more associated Internet Protocol (IP) prefixes with a clearly defined routing policy that governs how the AS exchanges routing information with other autonomous systems.
  • autoplay video - Autoplay video is audiovisual content that starts automatically when someone goes to the host web page.
  • AVI file (Audio Video Interleaved file) - An AVI (Audio Video Interleaved) file is a sound and motion picture file that conforms to the Microsoft Windows Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF) specification.
  • B-channel (bearer channel) - In the Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), the B-channel is the channel that carries the main data.
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