Browse Definitions by Alphabet
4 - FIR
- 4 P's marketing mix - The marketing mix, also known as the four P's of marketing, refers to the four key elements of a marketing strategy: product, price, place and promotion.
- fabric - In information technology, fabric is a synonym for the words framework or platform.
- face detection - Face detection, also called facial detection, is an artificial intelligence (AI)-based computer technology used to find and identify human faces in digital images and video.
- Facebook - Facebook is a social networking website that was founded in February 2004 by Harvard University students Chris Hughes, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, Eduardo Saverin and Mark Zuckerberg.
- Facebook cloning - Facebook cloning is a scam in which the attacker copies the profile picture of an authorized user, creates a new account using that person’s name and sends friend requests to people on the user’s list.
- Facebook Connect - Facebook Connect is a single sign-on application which allows users to interact on other websites through their Facebook account.
- Facebook Live - Facebook Live is a feature for live broadcast of user videos from the Facebook mobile app.
- Facebook M - Facebook M is the social media company’s personal digital assistant for the Messenger mobile app.
- Facebook Marketplace - Facebook Marketplace is classified-ad section of the social network that specializes in helping individuals and businesses sell items locally.
- Facebook Messenger - Facebook Messenger is a mobile app that enables chat, voice and video communications between Facebook web-based messaging and smartphones.
- Facebook Mobile - Facebook Mobile is a feature that allows a user to access Facebook from their cell phone through text messages, e-mails, downloaded applications or a web browser.
- Facebook page - A Facebook page is a public profile specifically created for businesses, brands, celebrities, causes, and other organizations.
- Facebook status - A Facebook status is a social media update feature that enables users to discuss their thoughts, whereabouts or important information with their friends from their Facebook profile.
- Facebook wall - A Facebook wall refers to the space on a Facebook user's profile where other users can post messages, pictures, videos and other digital content for their friends or the public to see.
- FaceTime - FaceTime is an Apple video telephony application that allows users to make a video call over the internet with a forward-facing camera on iOS and macOS devices.
- facial recognition - Facial recognition is a category of biometric software that maps an individual's facial features mathematically and stores the data as a faceprint.
- fact table - A fact table is the central table in a star schema of a data warehouse.
- FACTA (Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act) - FACTA (Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act) is an amendment to FCRA (Fair Credit Reporting Act ) that was added, primarily, to protect consumers from identity theft.
- factor of safety (FoS) - Factor of safety (FoS) is ability of a system's structural capacity to be viable beyond its expected or actual loads.
- fail fast - Fail fast is a philosophy that values extensive testing and incremental development to determine whether an idea has value.
- failover - Failover is a backup operational mode in which the functions of a system component are assumed by a secondary component when the primary becomes unavailable.
- failover cluster - In computing, a failover cluster refers to a group of independent servers that work together to maintain high availability of applications and services.
- fair and reasonable price - A fair and reasonable price is the price point for a good or service that is fair to both parties involved in the transaction.
- Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) - The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is United States federal legislation that promotes accuracy, fairness and privacy for data used by consumer reporting agencies.
- Fair Information Practices (FIP) - FIP (Fair Information Practices) is a general term for a set of standards governing the collection and use of personal data and addressing issues of privacy and accuracy.
- fair opportunity - Fair opportunity is a requirement that U.
- fake news - Fake news is an inaccurate, sometimes sensationalistic report that is created to gain attention, mislead, deceive or damage a reputation.
- falsifiability - Falsifiability is the capacity for some proposition, statement, theory or hypothesis to be proven wrong.
- fan-out - In digital circuitry, fan-out is a measure of the maximum number of digital inputs that the output of a single logic gate can feed without disrupting the circuitry's operations.
- farad (F) - A farad (F) is the standard unit of capacitance in the International System of Units (SI).
- faraday - The faraday is a dimensionless unit of electric charge quantity, equal to approximately 6.
- Faraday cage - A Faraday cage is a metallic enclosure that prevents the entry or escape of an electromagnetic field (EM field).
- Faraday constant - Faraday's constant, symbolized by the italic uppercase letter F, is the physical constant representing the electric charge in a mole.
- Fast Guide to acronyms used in manufacturing - The following glossary or acronyms are those most used in internal communications within the manufacturing industry.
- fault injection testing - Fault injection is a testing process which deliberately introduces errors to a system to ensure the system can withstand the error and recover.
- fault management - Fault management is the component of network management that detects, isolates and fixes problems.
- fault-tolerant - Fault-tolerant technology is a capability of a computer system, electronic system or network to deliver uninterrupted service, despite one or more of its components failing.
- fax - A fax -- short for 'facsimile' and sometimes called 'telecopying' -- is the telephonic transmission of scanned-in printed material, including text or images.
- FCAPS (fault, configuration, accounting, performance and security) - FCAPS (fault, configuration, accounting, performance and security) is a network management framework created by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
- FCoE (Fibre Channel over Ethernet) - FCoE (Fibre Channel over Ethernet) is a storage protocol that enable Fibre Channel (FC) communications to run directly over Ethernet.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) - The FDA (U.S.
- FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interface) - FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interface) is a network standard that uses fiber optic connections in a local area network (LAN) that can extend in range up to 200 kilometers (124 miles).
- FDISK - FDISK is a disk utility included in all versions of MS-DOS, Windows and Linux for formatting or partitioning a hard disk drive, or to delete different portions of it.
- feature engineering - Feature engineering is the process that takes raw data and transforms it into features that can be used to create a predictive model using machine learning or statistical modeling, such as deep learning.
- feature flagging - Feature flagging is a simple programming design pattern that allows developers to turn application features on or off without having to redeploy or change code already in production.
- Feature Manipulation Engine (FME) - The Feature Manipulation Engine (FME) is a platform that streamlines the translation of spatial data between geometric and digital formats.
- feature-driven development (FDD) - Feature-driven development (FDD) is an Agile software development methodology that can be used by development teams and managers with the intention of bringing a steady, continuous flow of new features to users at a set time.
- Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) - Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) is the body of laws that govern the U.
- Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) - The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is an independent agency of the United States (U.
- Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) - Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is a United States government agency with the purpose to coordinate aid and respond to disasters around the nation when local resources are insufficient.
- Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) - Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) is a standard for adoption and use by United States Federal departments and agencies that has been developed within the Information Technology Laboratory and published by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), a part of the U.
- Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) - The Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) is United States legislation that defines a framework of guidelines and security standards to protect government information, operations and assets.
- federated identity management (FIM) - Federated identity management (FIM) is an arrangement between multiple enterprises or domains that enables their users to use the same identification data (digital identity) to access all their networks.
- Fedora - Fedora, also known as Fedora Linux, is a popular open source Linux-based operating system (OS).
- fee-for-service (FFS) - Fee-for-service (FFS) is a payment model in which doctors, hospitals, and medical practices charge separately for each service they perform.
- feedback loop - A feedback loop is a system where some portion or all of the output produced by the system returns as input, effecting the succeeding processes of that system in some way.
- femtech - 'Femtech' is a term that refers to diagnostic tools, products, services, wearables and software that use technology to address women's health issues, including menstrual health, reproductive health, sexual health, maternal health and menopause.
- Fermi paradox - The Fermi paradox is the apparent conflict between the fact that humans have found no evidence of intelligent extraterrestrial life despite the probablity that it exists, given what we know about the universe.
- FFIEC compliance (Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council) - FFIEC compliance is conformance to a set of standards for online banking issued in October 2005 by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC).
- FHIR (Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources) - Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is an interoperability standard for electronic exchange of healthcare information.
- fiat money (fiat currency) - A fiat money is a type of currency that is declared legal tender by a government but has no intrinsic or fixed value and is not backed by any tangible asset, such as gold or silver.
- fiber optics (optical fiber) - Fiber optics, or optical fiber, refers to the technology that transmits information as light pulses along a glass or plastic fiber.
- fiber to the home (FTTH) - Fiber to the home (FTTH), also called fiber to the premises (FTTP), is the installation and use of optical fiber from a central point to individual buildings to provide high-speed internet access.
- fiber to the x (FTTx) - Fiber to the x (FTTx) is a collective term for various optical fiber delivery topologies that are categorized according to where the fiber terminates.
- Fibonacci poem (or Fib) - A Fibonacci poem (or Fib) is a multiple-line verse based on the Fibonacci sequence so that the number of syllables in each line equals the total number of syllables in the preceding two lines.
- Fibonacci sequence - The Fibonacci sequence is a set of integers (the Fibonacci numbers) that starts with a zero, followed by a one, then by another one, and then by a series of steadily increasing numbers.
- Fibre Channel - Fibre Channel is a high-speed networking technology primarily used for transmitting data among data centers, computer servers, switches and storage at data rates of up to 128 Gbps.
- Fibre Channel (FC) port types - A Fibre Channel port is a hardware pathway into and out of a node that performs data communications over an FC link.
- Fibre Channel switch (FC switch) - A Fibre Channel switch is a networking device that is compatible with the Fibre Channel (FC) protocol and designed for use in a dedicated storage area network (SAN).
- FIDO (Fast Identity Online) - FIDO (Fast Identity Online) is a set of technology-agnostic security specifications for strong authentication.
- field - A field is an area in a fixed or known location in a unit of data such as a record, message header, or computer instruction that has a purpose and usually a fixed size.
- field of view (FOV) - Field of view (FOV) is the open, observable area a person can see through their eyes or via an optical device, such as a camera.
- field service management (FSM) - Field service management software enables companies to manage dispersed workers and resources.
- field-effect transistor (FET) - A field-effect transistor (FET) is a type of transistor commonly used for weak-signal amplification (for example, for amplifying wireless signals).
- field-level encryption - Field-level encryption is the ability to encrypt data based on entire fields.
- field-replaceable unit (FRU) - In computer systems, a field-replaceable unit (FRU) is a circuit board or part that can be removed and replaced without having to send the entire product or system to a repair facility.
- Fieldglass - SAP Fieldglass is a cloud-based software platform that allows companies to manage external workforces, including contractors, temporary workers, contingent labor, and statement of work (SOW) employees.
- File Allocation Table (FAT) - File Allocation Table (FAT) is a file system that Microsoft developed to support small disks and simple folder structures.
- file extension (file format) - In computing, a file extension is a suffix added to the name of a file to indicate the file's layout, in terms of how the data within the file is organized.
- file server - A file server is a computer responsible for the storage and management of data files so that other computers on the same network can access the files.
- file sharing - File sharing is the public or private sharing of files or folders on a networked computer.
- file storage - File storage stores data in a hierarchical structure, usually in a NAS system.
- file synchronization (file sync) - File synchronization, often used as a form of backup, is the process by which files residing in more than one physical location are kept up to date.
- file system - In a computer, a file system -- sometimes written filesystem -- is the way in which files are named and where they are placed logically for storage and retrieval.
- File Transfer Access and Management (FTAM) - File Transfer Access and Management (FTAM) is an OSI application Layer 7 protocol that standardizes how files are accessed and managed in a distributed network file system.
- FileZilla - FileZilla is a free, open source, file transfer protocol (FTP) software tool.
- filter (computing) - The term filter in computing can mean a variety of things, depending on the technology or technical discipline in question.
- filter bubble - A filter bubble is an algorithmic bias that skews or limits the information an individual user sees on the internet.
- financial analytics - Financial analytics is the creation of ad hoc analysis to answer specific business questions and forecast possible future financial scenarios.
- finite element analysis (FEA) - Finite element analysis (FEA) is the use of calculations, models and simulations to predict and understand how an object might behave under various physical conditions.
- finite state machine - Finite state machine (FSM) is a term used by programmers, mathematicians and other professionals to describe a mathematical model for any system with a limited number of conditional states of being.
- FinOps - FinOps -- a combination of the terms finance and DevOps -- is a framework for managing Opex across an organization, often in conjunction with the cloud and cloud computing.
- FiOS (Fiber Optic Service) - FiOS (Fiber Optic Service) is a fiber to the premises (FTTP) telecommunications service offered by Verizon to consumers in the United States.
- FIPS (Federal Information Processing Standards) - FIPS (Federal Information Processing Standards) are a set of standards that describe document processing, encryption algorithms and other information technology standards for use within non-military government agencies and by government contractors and vendors who work with the agencies.
- FIRE (Financial Independence, Retire Early) - FIRE (Financial Independence, Retire Early) is a lifestyle, also referred to as a movement, aimed at reducing expenditures and increasing investing in order to quickly gain financial independence and the possibility of retirement at an early age.
- Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) - Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM), formerly called Google Cloud Messaging (GCM), is a free cloud service from Google that allows app developers to send notifications and messages to users across a variety of platforms, including Android, iOS and web applications.
- Firecracker - Firecracker is a light-weight virtualization technology open sourced by Amazon Web Services.
- Firefox - Firefox is a free, open source web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation and Mozilla Corporation in 2004.
- firewall - A firewall is a network security device that prevents unauthorized access to a network.
- firewall as a service (FWaaS) - Firewall as a service (FWaaS), also known as a cloud firewall, is a service that provides cloud-based network traffic inspection capabilities to customers seeking to decommission or augment their existing network firewall appliances.