Browse Definitions :
Definition

file extension (file format)

In a computer, a file extension, also called a file format, is the layout of a file -- in terms of how the data within the file is organized. A particular file format is often indicated as part of a file's name by a file name extension (suffix). Conventionally, the extension is separated by a period from the name and contains three or four letters that identify the format.

Application programs must be able to recognize and possibly access data within the file. Sometimes a program may not care whether the file has the appropriate extension name because it can examine the bits in the file to see whether the format (layout) is one it recognizes. Other times, the end user must specify what program should be used to open and work with file.

There are as many different file formats as there are different programs to process the files. A few of the more common file formats are:

  • Word documents (.doc)
  • Web pages (.html)
  • Web page images (.gif and .jpg)
  • Adobe Acrobat files (.pdf)
  • Executable programs (.exe)
This was last updated in September 2005

Continue Reading About file extension (file format)

SearchNetworking
SearchSecurity
  • man in the browser (MitB)

    Man in the browser (MitB) is a security attack where the perpetrator installs a Trojan horse on the victim's computer that is ...

  • Patch Tuesday

    Patch Tuesday is the unofficial name of Microsoft's monthly scheduled release of security fixes for the Windows operating system ...

  • parameter tampering

    Parameter tampering is a type of web-based cyber attack in which certain parameters in a URL are changed without a user's ...

SearchCIO
  • e-business (electronic business)

    E-business (electronic business) is the conduct of business processes on the internet.

  • business resilience

    Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business ...

  • chief procurement officer (CPO)

    The chief procurement officer, or CPO, leads an organization's procurement department and oversees the acquisitions of goods and ...

SearchHRSoftware
SearchCustomerExperience
  • clickstream data (clickstream analytics)

    Clickstream data and clickstream analytics are the processes involved in collecting, analyzing and reporting aggregate data about...

  • neuromarketing

    Neuromarketing is the study of how people's brains respond to advertising and other brand-related messages by scientifically ...

  • contextual marketing

    Contextual marketing is an online marketing strategy model in which people are served with targeted advertising based on their ...

Close