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Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a scenario in which objects, animals or people are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human interaction.

5G - HAP

  • 5G New Radio (NR) - 5G New Radio (NR) is a set of standards that replace the LTE network 4G wireless communications standard.
  • active RFID (active radio frequency identification) - Active RFID (radio frequency identification) tags are continuously operating, battery-powered sensors that gather and transmit data to a reading device.
  • active sensor - An active sensor is a device with a transmitter that sends out a signal, light wavelength or electrons to be bounced off a target, with data gathered by the sensor upon their reflection.
  • actuator - An actuator is a mechanism that turns energy into a controlled motion.
  • addressability - Addressability is the capacity for an entity to be targeted and found.
  • Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) - Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) is an open source published standard for asynchronous messaging by wire.
  • agbot (agricultural robot) - An agbot, also called an agribot, is an autonomous robot used in farming to help improve efficiency and reduce reliance on manual labor.
  • agri-tech - Agri-tech is the use of technology for farming that is developed to improve efficiency and profitability.
  • Alexa Voice Services (AVS) - Alexa Voice Service (AVS) is Amazon's suite of services built around its voice-controlled AI assistant for the home or other environments.
  • alternating current (AC) - In electricity, alternating current (AC) occurs when charge carriers in a conductor or semiconductor periodically reverse their direction of movement.
  • Amazon Prime Air drone - Amazon's Prime Air drone is a delivery system in development that uses remote-controlled robotic vehicles to transport goods from the warehouse to the consumer.
  • ambient backscatter - Ambient backscatter is a method of networking by way of alternately reflecting and absorbing radio frequencies (RF) in an environment.
  • ambient intelligence (AmI) - Ambient intelligence (AmI) is the element of a pervasive computing environment that enables it to interact with and respond appropriately to the humans in that environment.
  • ampere hour (Ah or amp hour) - Ampere hour -- sometimes abbreviated as Ah or amp hour -- is the amount of energy charge in a battery that enables 1 ampere of current to flow for one hour.
  • ampere per meter (A/m, Oe, oersted) - The ampere per meter (symbolized A/m) is the International Unit of magnetic field strength.
  • ampere per meter squared (A/m 2) - The ampere per meter squared, symbolized A/m 2, is the International Unit of electric current density.
  • Android Things - Android Things is an embedded operating system made by Google for Android-based IoT devices.
  • apparent power - Apparent power is a measure of alternating current (AC) power that is computed by multiplying the root-mean-square (rms) current by the root-mean-square voltage.
  • Apple HomePod - Apple HomePod is the company’s Wi-Fi connected smart speaker that supports multi-room setups.
  • application program interface (API) - An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.
  • application service provider (ASP) - An application service provider (ASP) is a company that offers individuals or enterprises access to applications and related services over the internet.
  • aquaculture - Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic animals or plants, including breeding, raising and harvesting in all types of water environments in controlled conditions.
  • ARRA (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009) - The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) is an economic stimulus bill created to help the United States economy recover from an economic downturn that began in late 2007.
  • artificial intelligence of things (AIoT) - The artificial intelligence of things (AIoT) is the combination of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies and the internet of things (IoT) infrastructure.
  • automated meter reading (AMR) - Automated meter reading (AMR) is a technology used in utility meters for collecting the data that's needed for billing purposes.
  • AWS IoT (Amazon Web Services internet of things) - AWS IoT is an Amazon Web Services platform that collects and analyzes data from internet-connected devices and sensors -- called the internet of things -- and connects that data to AWS cloud applications.
  • bandwidth (network bandwidth) - Network bandwidth is a measurement indicating the maximum capacity of a wired or wireless communications link to transmit data over a network connection in a given amount of time.
  • bit (binary digit) - A bit (short for binary digit) is the smallest unit of data in a computer.
  • blockchain dApp - A decentralized application (dApp) is a type of distributed open source software application that runs on a peer-to-peer (P2P) blockchain network rather than on a single computer.
  • Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE) - Also marketed as Bluetooth Smart, Bluetooth LE was introduced in the Bluetooth 4.
  • bulk power system (BPS) - A bulk power system (BPS) is a large interconnected electrical system made up of generation and transmission facilities and their control systems.
  • capacitor (capacitance) - In its simplest form, a capacitor consists of two conducting plates separated by an insulating material called thedielectric.
  • capacity on demand (COD) - Capacity on demand (COD) is a purchasing option that allows companies to receive equipment with more computer processing, storage or other capacity than the company needs at the time of purchase, and have that extra capacity remain unused and unpaid for until the company actually requires it.
  • car hacking - Car hacking is the manipulation of the code in a car's electronic control unit (ECU) to exploit a vulnerability and gain control of other ECU units in the vehicle.
  • carbon offset - A carbon offset is a credit that a person or organization can buy to decrease its carbon footprint.
  • Categories of twisted-pair cabling systems - A twisted-pair cabling system is a cable consisting of one or several pairs of copper wires.
  • Cellular Vehicle to Everything (C-V2X) - Cellular Vehicle-to-Everything (C-V2X) is a unified connectivity platform designed to offer vehicles low-latency vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-roadside infrastructure (V2I) and vehicle-to-pedestrian (V2P) communication.
  • charge (electric charge) - In physics, charge, also known as electric charge, electrical charge, or electrostatic charge and symbolized q, is a characteristic of a unit of matter that expresses the extent to which it has more or fewer electrons than protons.
  • charge-coupled device - A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a light-sensitive integrated circuit that captures images by converting photons to electrons.
  • Chief IoT Officer (Chief Internet of Things Officer) - A Chief Internet of Things Officer is an enterprise executive in charge of how smart products are developed and implemented to best support company objectives and goals.
  • cloud-oriented architecture (COA) - A cloud-oriented architecture (COA) is a conceptual model encompassing all elements in a cloud environment.
  • cloudlet - A cloudlet is a small-scale data center or cluster of computers designed to quickly provide cloud computing services to mobile devices, such as smartphones, tablets and wearable devices, within close geographical proximity.
  • coexistence testing - Coexistence testing, similar to compatibility testing, is a method of measuring the ability of multiple devices to interact in a single environment with limited bandwidth.
  • conductor - A conductor, or electrical conductor, is a substance or material that allows electricity to flow through it.
  • Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) - Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) is a protocol for low-power compute-constrained devices to operate in the internet of things (IoT).
  • context awareness - Context awareness is the ability of a system or system component to gather information about its environment at any given time and adapt behaviors accordingly.
  • control network - A control network is a network of nodes that collectively monitor, sense, and control or enable control of an environment for a particular purpose.
  • critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) - Critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) is the collective of natural and man-made resources, along with the systems for their processing and delivery, upon which a nation depends on for functioning.
  • customer acquisition cost - Customer acquisition cost is the fee associated with convincing a consumer to buy your product or service, including research, marketing and advertising costs.
  • customer premises equipment (CPE) - Customer premises equipment (CPE) is telecommunications and information technology equipment kept at the customer's physical location rather than on the service provider's premises.
  • data transfer rate (DTR) - Data transfer rate (DTR) is the amount of digital data that is moved from one place to another in a given time.
  • decision support system (DSS) - A decision support system (DSS) is a computer program application used to improve a company's decision-making capabilities.
  • dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) - Dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) is a wireless communication technology designed to allow automobiles in the intelligent transportation system (ITS) to communicate with other automobiles or infrastructure technology.
  • deep learning - Deep learning is a type of machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) that imitates the way humans gain certain types of knowledge.
  • dielectric constant - The dielectric constant is the ratio of the permittivity of a substance to the permittivity of free space.
  • digital tattoo - With more than one meaning, a digital tattoo is to a temporary tattoo that is outfitted with electronics, such as sensors or a near field communication (NFC) chip.
  • distributed energy resources (DER) - Distributed energy resources (DER) are the combination of physical and virtual resources used in the production and storage of energy at or near where it will be used and separate from the main grid.
  • drone (UAV) - A drone is an unmanned aircraft.
  • drone photography - Drone photography is the capture of still images and video by a remotely-operated or autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), also known as an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) or, more commonly, as a drone.
  • e-textile (electronic textile) - An e-textile is a fabric developed with electronics in it to enable conductivity.
  • EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) - EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) is a user-modifiable ROM.
  • electromagnetic field - An electromagnetic field, sometimes referred to as an EM field, is generated when charged particles, such as electrons, are accelerated.
  • electromagnetic interference (EMI) - Electromagnetic interference (EMI) is unwanted noise or interference in an electrical path or circuit caused by an outside source.
  • electromagnetic pulse (EMP) - An electromagnetic pulse (EMP) is an intense burst of electromagnetic (EM) energy caused by an abrupt, rapid acceleration of charged particles, usually electron s.
  • embedded device hacking - Embedded device hacking is the exploiting of vulnerabilities in embedded software to gain control of the device.
  • embedded firmware - Hardware makers use embedded firmware to control the functions of various hardware devices and systems much like a computer’s operating system controls the function of software applications.
  • embedded operating system - An embedded operating system is a specialized operating system (OS) designed to perform a specific task for a device that is not a computer.
  • embedded software - Hardware makers use embedded software to control the functions of various hardware devices and systems.
  • embedded system - An embedded system is a combination of computer hardware and software designed for a specific function.
  • embedded system security - Embedded system security is a strategic approach to protecting software running on embedded systems from attack.
  • embedded systems programming - Embedded systems programming is the programming of an embedded system in some device using the permitted programming interfaces provided by that system.
  • Energy Star - Energy Star is a government-backed labeling program that helps people and organizations save money and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by identifying factories, office equipment, home appliances and electronics that have superior energy efficiency.
  • EPROM - EPROM (erasable programmable read-only memory) is programmable read-only memory (programmable ROM) that can be erased and re-used.
  • event-condition-action rule (ECA rule) - An event condition action rule (ECA rule) is the underlying model for event-driven programming, in which actions are triggered by events, given the existence of specific conditions.
  • event-driven computing - Event-driven computing is a computing model in which programs perform work in response to identifiable occurrences that have significance for system hardware or software.
  • farad (F) - The farad is the standard international unit of capacitance.
  • faraday - The faraday is a dimensionless unit of electric charge quantity, equal to approximately 6.
  • Faraday constant - Faraday's constant, symbolized by the italic uppercase letter F, is the physical constant representing the electric charge in a mole.
  • fast data - Fast data is the application of big data analytics to smaller data sets in near-real or real-time in order to solve a problem or create business value.
  • fiber to the home (FTTH) - Fiber to the home (FTTH), also called fiber to the premises (FTTP), is the installation and use of optical fiber from a central point directly to individual buildings such as residences, apartment buildings and businesses to provide high-speed internet access.
  • firmware - Firmware is programming that's written to the non-volatile memory of a hardware device.
  • fixed wireless - Fixed wireless networking refers to the operation of wireless devices in fixed locations such as homes and offices.
  • fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) - Fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) is the trend towards seamless connectivity between fixed and wireless telecommunications networks.
  • flux - Flux is the presence of a force field in a specified physical medium, or the flow of energy through a surface.
  • Fourth Industrial Revolution - The Fourth Industrial Revolution is the current and developing environment in which disruptive technologies and trends such as the Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, virtual reality (VR) and artificial intelligence (AI) are changing the way modern people live and work.
  • FPV drone (first-person view drone) - An FPV drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with a camera that wirelessly transmits video feed to goggles, a headset, a mobile device or another display.
  • frame relay - Frame relay is a packet-switching telecommunications service designed for cost-efficient data transmission for intermittent traffic between local area networks (LANs) and between endpoints in wide area networks (WANs).
  • frequency - For an oscillating or varying current, frequency is the number of complete cycles per second in alternating current direction.
  • frequency-shift keying (FSK) - Frequency-shift keying (FSK) is a method of transmitting digital signals using discrete signals.
  • Fuchsia OS - Fuchsia OS is a cross-device, open source operating system from Google.
  • fuel cell - A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that derives its energy from combustible substances such as hydrogen, methane, propane, methanol, diesel fuel or even gasoline.
  • full HDTV (ultra-HD, true HDTV, 1080p) - Full HDTV, also referred to as ultra-HD, true HDTV, and 1080p, is a television (TV) display technology specification that surpasses the quality over the original 720p high-definition television (HDTV) technology specification, providing an image resolution of 1920 by 1080 pixels.
  • G-putty - G-putty is a polysilicone polymer infused with graphene.
  • gateway - A gateway is a network node used in telecommunications that connects two networks with different transmission protocols together.
  • Google Glass - Google Glass is a wearable, voice- and motion-controlled Android device that resembles a pair of eyeglasses and displays information directly in the user's field of vision.
  • GPS jamming - GPS jamming is the process of using a frequency transmitting device to block or interfere with radio communications.
  • ground - A ground is a direct electrical connection to the earth, a connection to a particular point in an electrical or electronic circuit, or an indirect connection that operates as the result of capacitance between wireless equipment and the earth or a large mass of conductive material.
  • Hamming code - Hamming code is a set of error-correction codes that can be used to detect and correct bit errors that can occur when computer data is moved or stored.
  • haptics - Haptics (pronounced HAP-tiks) is the science of applying touch (tactile) sensation and control to interaction with computer applications.
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