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Cloud computing

Terms related to cloud computing, including definitions about on-demand, distributed computing and words and phrases about software-as-a-service, infrastructure-as-a-service and storage-as-a-service.

  • 3PL (third-party logistics) - A 3PL (third-party logistics) provider offers outsourced logistics services, which encompass anything that involves management of one or more facets of procurement and fulfillment activities.
  • Amazon - Amazon (Amazon.
  • Amazon Aurora - Amazon Aurora is a relational database engine from Amazon Web Services.
  • Amazon Cloud Drive - Amazon Cloud Drive is an online storage service that allows users to upload and access music, videos, documents and photos from Web-connected devices.
  • Amazon CloudFront - Amazon CloudFront is a content delivery service that works in conjunction with other Amazon Web Services (AWS) to provide developers with a simple way to distribute content to end users.
  • Amazon Cognito - Amazon Cognito is an Amazon Web Services product that controls user authentication and access for mobile applications on internet-connected devices.
  • Amazon DynamoDB - Amazon DynamoDB is a fully managed NoSQL database service offered by AWS, designed to provide low latency and high performance for applications.
  • Amazon EBS (Elastic Block Store) - Amazon Elastic Block Store is a cloud-based block storage system provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS) that is best used for storing persistent data.
  • Amazon EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web-based service that allows businesses to run application programs in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.
  • Amazon EC2 Dedicated Hosts - Amazon EC2 Dedicated Hosts are servers with virtual machine capacity dedicated to one Amazon Web Services customer, instead of sharing server capacity with other customers.
  • Amazon EC2 instance - An Amazon EC2 instance is a virtual server in Amazon's Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) for running applications on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) infrastructure.
  • Amazon Elastic Container Registry (Amazon ECR) - Amazon Elastic Container Registry (Amazon ECR) is an Amazon Web Service (AWS) product that stores, manages and deploys Docker images, which are managed clusters of Amazon EC2 instances.
  • Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) - Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS) is a cloud computing service in Amazon Web Services (AWS) that manages containers and allows developers to run applications in the cloud without having to configure an environment for the code to run in.
  • Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) - Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) is an Amazon Web Services product that allows developers to launch and operate Elasticsearch -- an open-source, Java-based search and analytics engine -- in the AWS cloud.
  • Amazon EMR (Elastic MapReduce) - Amazon EMR (previously known as Amazon Elastic MapReduce) is an Amazon Web Services (AWS) tool for big data processing and analysis.
  • Amazon Glacier - Amazon Glacier, also known as Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) Glacier, is a low-cost cloud storage service for data with longer retrieval times offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS).
  • Amazon Inspector - Amazon Inspector is an AWS tool that automatically assesses a customer's AWS cloud deployment for security vulnerabilities and deficiencies.
  • Amazon Kinesis - Amazon Kinesis is the fully managed Amazon Web Service (AWS) offering for real-time processing of big data.
  • Amazon Machine Image (AMI) - An Amazon Machine Image (AMI) is a master image for the creation of virtual servers -- known as EC2 instances -- in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) environment.
  • Amazon Machine Learning - Amazon Machine Learning is an Amazon Web Services product that allows a developer to discover patterns in end-user data through algorithms, construct mathematical models based on these patterns and then create and implement predictive applications.
  • Amazon RDS (Relational Database Service) - Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) is a managed SQL database service provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS).
  • Amazon Resource Name (ARN) - An Amazon Resource Name (ARN) is a file naming convention used to identify a particular resource in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.
  • Amazon Route 53 - Amazon Route 53 is a scalable domain name system (DNS) service intended to give business and developers a reliable way to direct end users to applications.
  • Amazon S3 bucket - An Amazon S3 bucket is a public cloud storage resource available in Amazon Web Services' (AWS) Simple Storage Service (S3), an object storage offering.
  • Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) - Amazon Simple Email Service is a pay-per-use service that allows you to build in email functionality into an application that you are running on AWS.
  • Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) - Amazon Simple Notification Service (SNS) is a simple, fully-managed “push” messaging service that allows users to push texts, alerts or notifications, like an auto-reply message, or a notification that a package has shipped.
  • Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) - Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) is a managed message queuing service technical professionals and developers use to send, store and retrieve multiple messages of various sizes asynchronously.
  • Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) - Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) is a scalable, high-speed, web-based cloud storage service.
  • Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) - Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) allows a developer to create a virtual network for resources in an isolated section of the Amazon Web Services cloud.
  • Amazon Web Services (AWS) - AWS (Amazon Web Services) is a comprehensive, evolving cloud computing platform provided by Amazon that includes a mixture of infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), platform-as-a-service (PaaS) and packaged-software-as-a-service (SaaS) offerings.
  • Anaplan - Anaplan is a web-based enterprise platform for business planning.
  • Apache ZooKeeper - Apache ZooKeeper is an open source file application program interface (API) that allows distributed processes in large systems to synchronize with each other so that all clients making requests receive consistent data.
  • API economy - The API economy refers to the set of business models and practices designed around the use of APIs in today's digital economy.
  • API gateway - An API gateway is a software pattern that sits in front of an application programming interface (API) or group of microservices, to facilitate requests and delivery of data and services.
  • application migration - Application migration is the process of moving an application program from one environment to another.
  • Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) - Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) is the third-party offering of artificial intelligence (AI) outsourcing.
  • automated provisioning - Automated provisioning is the ability to deploy an information technology or telecommunications service by using predefined procedures that are carried out electronically without requiring human intervention.
  • autoscaling - Autoscaling provides users with an automated approach to increase or decrease the compute, storage or networking resources they have allocated, as traffic spikes and use patterns demand.
  • availability zones - Availability zones (AZs) are isolated locations within data center regions from which public cloud services originate and operate.
  • AWS CloudFormation (Amazon Web Services CloudFormation) - Amazon Web Services CloudFormation is a free service that provides developers with a simple way to create and manage an assortment of Amazon Web Service resources while keeping them organized.
  • AWS CloudTrail - AWS CloudTrail is an application program interface (API) call-recording and log-monitoring Web service offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS).
  • AWS CloudWatch - Amazon CloudWatch is a component of Amazon Web Services that provides monitoring for AWS resources and the customer applications running on the Amazon infrastructure.
  • AWS CodeCommit (Amazon Web Services CodeCommit) - AWS CodeCommit is a source code storage and version-control service for Amazon Web Services' public cloud customers.
  • AWS CodePipeline (Amazon Web Services CodePipeline) - AWS CodePipeline is an Amazon Web Services product that automates the software deployment process, allowing a developer to quickly model, visualize and deliver code for new features and updates.
  • AWS Config (Amazon Web Services Config) - AWS Config is an Amazon cloud auditing tool that provides an inventory of existing resources, allowing an administrator to accurately track AWS assets to analyze compliance levels and security.
  • AWS Data Pipeline (Amazon Data Pipeline) - AWS Data Pipeline is an Amazon Web Services (AWS) tool that enables an IT professional to process and move data between compute and storage services on the AWS public cloud and on-premises resources.
  • AWS Direct Connect - Direct Connect is a network service that allows an enterprise customer to establish a dedicated network connection between one of Amazon's Direct Connect locations and the customer's data center or colocation environment.
  • AWS Educate (Amazon Web Services Educate) - AWS Educate is a grant program that aims to teach the next generation of IT cloud professionals how to use Amazon's platform.
  • AWS Elastic Beanstalk - AWS Elastic Beanstalk is a cloud deployment and provisioning service that automates the process of getting applications set up on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) infrastructure.
  • AWS GovCloud (Amazon Web Services GovCloud) - AWS GovCloud is an isolated data center region of the Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud designed to meet strict compliance requirements as defined by the U.
  • AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) - AWS Key Management Service (KMS) is an Amazon Web Services product that allows administrators to create, delete and control keys that encrypt data stored in AWS databases and products.
  • AWS Lambda (Amazon Web Services Lambda) - AWS Lambda is an event-driven computing service that allows developers to program serverless functions on a pay-per-use basis.
  • AWS Management Console - The AWS Management Console is a browser-based GUI for Amazon Web Services (AWS).
  • AWS On-Demand Instances (Amazon Web Services On-Demand Instances) - AWS On-Demand Instances (Amazon Web Services On-Demand Instances) are virtual servers that run in AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) or AWS Relational Database Service (RDS) and are purchased at a fixed rate per hour.
  • AWS OpsWorks (Amazon Web Services OpsWorks) - AWS OpsWorks is a cloud computing service from Amazon Web Services (AWS) that manages infrastructure deployment for cloud administrators.
  • AWS Reserved Instances (Amazon Reserved Instances) - AWS Reserved Instances are virtual servers spun up in Amazon Web Services, allowing cloud administrators to purchase computing power at contract pricing.
  • AWS SDK for Java - The AWS SDK for Java is a collection of tools for developers creating Java-based Web apps to run on Amazon cloud components such as Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3), Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and Amazon SimpleDB.
  • AWS SDK for JavaScript - The AWS SDK for JavaScript is a collection of software tools for the creation of applications and libraries that use Amazon Web Services (AWS) resources.
  • AWS Service Catalog (Amazon Web Services Service Catalog) - The AWS Service Catalog (Amazon Web Services Service Catalog) is a product that allows cloud administrators to provision applications for end users by setting configurations within product portfolios.
  • AWS Spot Fleets (Amazon Web Services Spot Fleets) - An AWS Spot Fleet (Amazon Web Services Spot Fleets) is a collection of virtual servers (instances) purchased at reduced rates within Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2).
  • AWS Spot Instance - AWS Spot Instance is a purchasing option that allows a customer to purchase unused Amazon EC2 computer capacity at a highly-reduced rate.
  • AWS Trusted Advisor (Amazon Web Services Trusted Advisor) - AWS Trusted Advisor is a product that allows a cloud administrator to provision Amazon Web Services resources according to best practices in four categories: cost optimization, security, fault tolerance and performance improvement.
  • AWS Web Application Firewall (AWS WAF) - AWS Web Application Firewall (WAF) is a security system that controls incoming and outgoing traffic for applications and websites based in the Amazon Web Services public cloud.
  • Azure Migrate - Azure Migrate is a Microsoft service that helps an enterprise assess how its on-premises workloads will perform, and how much they will cost to host, in the Azure public cloud.
  • Azure Quantum - Azure Quantum is a full-stack cloud service designed to allow users remote access to quantum computers.
  • backup as a service (BaaS) - Backup as a service uses external providers to deliver cloud-based backup services to an enterprise.
  • bare-metal cloud - Bare-metal cloud is a public cloud service that offers dedicated hardware resources without any installed operating systems or virtualization infrastructure.
  • big data as a service (BDaaS) - Big data as a service (BDaaS) is the delivery of data platforms and tools by a cloud provider to help organizations process, manage and analyze large data sets so they can generate insights in order to improve business operations and gain a competitive advantage.
  • bring your own cloud (BYOC) - BYOC is a movement whereby employees and departments use their cloud computing service of choice in the workplace.
  • BYOE (bring your own encryption) - BYOE (bring your own encryption) is a cloud computing security model that allows cloud service customers to use their own encryption software and manage their own encryption keys.
  • CAIQ (Consensus Assessments Initiative Questionnaire) - The Consensus Assessments Initiative Questionnaire (CAIQ) is a survey provided by the Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) for cloud consumers and auditors to assess the security capabilities of a cloud service provider.
  • carrier cloud - A carrier cloud is a cloud computing environment that is owned and operated by a traditional telecommunications service provider.
  • CenturyLink - CenturyLink is an integrated telecommunications company that provides a wide variety of products and services to clients across the globe, including networking, cloud service and security solutions.
  • Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) - The Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) certification is intended for experienced IT professionals who have a minimum of five years of experience in the industry with three of those years being in information security and one year in one of the six CCSP domains.
  • Chaos Monkey - Chaos Monkey is a software tool that was developed by Netflix engineers to test the resiliency and recoverability of their Amazon Web Services (AWS).
  • Chef (software) - Chef is an open source systems management and cloud infrastructure automation platform.
  • Chromebook - Google Chromebook is a thin client laptop that is configured with the Chrome operating system (Chrome OS).
  • Citrix Cloud - Citrix Cloud is a workspace management tool IT can use to deliver resources, including virtual desktops and apps, to users from a public or private cloud, on-premises deployment, or all three.
SearchNetworking
  • throughput

    Throughput is a measure of how many units of information a system can process in a given amount of time.

  • traffic shaping

    Traffic shaping, also known as packet shaping, is a congestion management method that regulates network data transfer by delaying...

  • open networking

    Open networking describes a network that uses open standards and commodity hardware.

SearchSecurity
  • buffer underflow

    A buffer underflow, also known as a buffer underrun or a buffer underwrite, is when the buffer -- the temporary holding space ...

  • single sign-on (SSO)

    Single sign-on (SSO) is a session and user authentication service that permits a user to use one set of login credentials -- for ...

  • pen testing (penetration testing)

    A penetration test, also called a pen test or ethical hacking, is a cybersecurity technique that organizations use to identify, ...

SearchCIO
  • benchmark

    A benchmark is a standard or point of reference people can use to measure something else.

  • spatial computing

    Spatial computing broadly characterizes the processes and tools used to capture, process and interact with 3D data.

  • organizational goals

    Organizational goals are strategic objectives that a company's management establishes to outline expected outcomes and guide ...

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  • talent acquisition

    Talent acquisition is the strategic process employers use to analyze their long-term talent needs in the context of business ...

  • employee retention

    Employee retention is the organizational goal of keeping productive and talented workers and reducing turnover by fostering a ...

  • hybrid work model

    A hybrid work model is a workforce structure that includes employees who work remotely and those who work on site, in a company's...

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