Browse Definitions :

Browse Definitions by Alphabet

P2P - PAY

  • P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) - P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) is a type of platform that allows participants to borrow and lend sums of money without having to rely on a conventional financial institution to control transactions.
  • P2P model (peer-to-peer model) - The peer-to-peer model (P2P model) is a non-hierarchical system of exchange, transfer or transmission.
  • PA-DSS (Payment Application Data Security Standard) - Payment Application Data Security Standard (PA-DSS) is a set of requirements intended to help software vendors develop secure payment applications for credit card transactions.
  • package manager or package management system (PMS) - A package manager, also known as a package management system (PMS), is a program used to install, uninstall and manage software packages.
  • packet coalescing - In network adapters using Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) versions 6.
  • packet filtering - On the Internet, packet filtering is the process of passing or blocking packets at a network interface based on source and destination addresses, ports, or protocols.
  • packet loss - Packet loss is when one or more transmitted data packets fail to arrive at their destination.
  • packet loss concealment (PLC) - Packet loss concealment (PLC) is a technology designed to minimize the practical effect of lost packets in digital communications.
  • packet-switched - Packet-switched describes the type of network in which relatively small units of data called packets are routed through a network based on the destination address contained within each packet.
  • PACS (picture archiving and communication system) - PACS (picture archiving and communication system) is a medical imaging technology used primarily in healthcare organizations to securely store and digitally transmit electronic images and clinically-relevant reports.
  • page - On the World Wide Web, a page is a file notated with the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).
  • page authority (Web page authority) - Page authority, in search engine optimization (SEO), is the value a search engine assigns a Web page.
  • page description language (PDL) - A page description language (PDL) specifies the arrangement of a printed page through commands from a computer that the printer carries out.
  • pagefile - In storage, a pagefile is a reserved portion of a hard disk that is used as an extension of random access memory (RAM) for data in RAM that hasn't been used recently.
  • PageRank - PageRank (PR) is Google’s main method of ranking web pages for placement on a search engine results page (SERP).
  • pagination - Pagination is the process of separating content into discrete pages.
  • paging - Paging is a function of memory management where a computer will store and retrieve data from a device’s secondary storage to the primary storage.
  • pair programming - Pair programming is an Agile software development technique originating from Extreme programming (XP) in which two developers team together and work on one computer.
  • palette - Lynda Weinman's 216-color palette for Mac and Windows browsers For actual RGB values to specify, see our table containing the 216-Color Browser-Safe Palette.
  • palm print recognition - Palm print recognition is a biometric authentication method based on the unique patterns of various characteristics in the palms of people’s hands.
  • palm vein recognition - Palm vein recognition is a biometric authentication method based on the unique patterns of veins in the palms of people’s hands.
  • PAN truncation (primary account number) - PAN (primary account number) truncation is a technology that prevents most of the digits in a credit card, debit card or bank account number from appearing on printed receipts issued to customers.
  • pandemic plan - A pandemic plan is a documented strategy for business continuity in the event of a widespread outbreak of a dangerous infectious disease.
  • panel - In computer program development, a panel is a representation of what information will be sent to a user's display screen in given circumstances.
  • paper and binding sizes - Standard weights and measures provided by S.
  • paper battery - A paper battery is a flexible, ultra-thin energy production and storage device formed by combining carbon nanotubes with a conventional sheet of cellulose-based paper.
  • paperless office - The paperless office is an umbrella term for business practices that improve the workplace by reducing reliance on paper.
  • para-site - A para-site is a Web site that frames other Web sites or pages within its own site.
  • paradigm - A paradigm (pronounced PEHR-uh-daim, from Greek paradeiknyai - to show side by side) is a pattern or an example of something.
  • paradox - A paradox is a statement or concept that contains conflicting ideas.
  • paradox of choice - The paradox of choice is an observation that having many options to choose from, rather than making people happy and ensuring they get what they want, can cause them stress and problematize decision-making.
  • parallax - Parallax is the way an object�s position or direction changes, depending on viewing angle.
  • parallel - In the context of the Internet and computing, parallel means more than one event happening at a time.
  • parallel adoption - Parallel adoption is a method of hardware or software migration that involves using the existing and new systems simultaneously until the implementation is judged to be complete and satisfactory.
  • Parallel ATA (Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment or PATA) - Parallel ATA (Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment or PATA) is a standard for connecting hard drives into computer systems.
  • parallel file system - A parallel file system is a software component designed to store data across multiple networked servers and to facilitate high-performance access through simultaneous, coordinated input/output operations (IOPS) between clients and storage nodes.
  • parallel I/O - Parallel I/O is a way of performing multiple input/output operations concurrently, rather than serially.
  • parallel processing - Parallel processing is a method in computing of running two or more processors (CPUs) to handle separate parts of an overall task.
  • parallel processing software - Parallel processing software manages the execution of a program on parallel processing hardware with the objectives of obtaining unlimited scalability (being able to handle an increasing number of interactions at the same time) and reducing execution time.
  • Parallels - Parallels is an application and desktop virtualization software vendor that offers management and delivery platforms for Apple macOS and Microsoft Windows desktop deployments.
  • Parallels Desktop for Mac - Parallels Desktop for Mac is desktop virtualization software that allows Microsoft Windows, Linux and Google Chrome OSes and applications to run on an Apple Mac computer.
  • parameter RAM (PRAM or parameter random access memory) - PRAM (parameter RAM or parameter random access memory) is a special battery-powered form of random access memory in certain Macintosh computers where vital system information such as the date and time are stored.
  • parameter tampering - Parameter tampering is a type of web-based cyber attack in which certain parameters in a URL are changed without a user's authorization.
  • paravirtualization - Paravirtualization is an enhancement of virtualization technology in which a guest OS is modified prior to installation inside a virtual machine (VM) in order to allow all guest OSes within the system to share resources and successfully collaborate, rather than attempt to emulate an entire hardware environment.
  • PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) - PARC is Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, located in Palo Alto, California, in the high-tech area that has become known as Silicon Valley.
  • Pardot - Pardot is a software as a service (SaaS) marketing automation platform by SalesForce offering email automation, targeted email campaigns and lead management for B2B sales and marketing organizations.
  • parent company - A parent company is a corporation that has subsidiaries, which are wholly or partially-owned separate businesses controlled by the parent.
  • Pareto chart (Pareto distribution diagram) - A Pareto chart, also called a Pareto distribution diagram, is a vertical bar graph in which values are plotted in decreasing order of relative frequency from left to right.
  • Pareto principle - The Pareto principle, also known as the 80/20 rule, is a theory maintaining that 80 percent of the output from a given situation or system is determined by 20 percent of the input.
  • Paris Agreement - The Paris Agreement is an international treaty that seeks to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.
  • parity - Parity is a method of detecting errors in data transmissions between computers, while parity bit and parity checking are used in RAID technology to guard against data loss.
  • Parkinson's law - Cyril Northcote Parkinson observed that "work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion" in a 1955 essay published in "The Economist" based on his experience in the British Civil Service.
  • Parkinson's law of triviality (bikeshedding) - Parkinson's law of triviality is an observation that people tend to waste a lot of time attending to unimportant details while crucial matters don't get the attention they require.
  • parser - In computer technology, a parser is a program that's usually part of a compiler.
  • part-of-speech tagger (PoS tagger) - A part of speech (PoS) tagger is a software tool that labels words as one of several categories to identify the word's function in a given language.
  • partition - Partitioning a hard disk drive is the first step in preparing it for data storage.
  • partner - A partner is a member in a partnership, an entity in which both the profits or losses of a business or other venture are shared between all members.
  • partner account manager (PAM) - A partner account manager is a job title within a vendor organization that uses channel partners to sell its products or services.
  • partner program - A partner program, which may also be referred to as channel partner program or alliance program, is a business strategy that vendors develop to encourage others to work with the vendor and sell its products or services.
  • partner relationship management (PRM) - Partner relationship management (PRM) is a combination of the software, processes and strategies companies use to streamline business processes with partners who sell their products.
  • partner specialization - A partner specialization is a designation achieved when a value-added reseller, integrator or solution provider has demonstrated a particular expertise specified by its vendor.
  • Pascal - Pascal is a strongly-typed third-generation language (3GL) with a one-pass compiler.
  • pascal - The pascal (Pa) is the unit of pressure or stress in the International System of Units (SI).
  • Pascal case - Pascal case is a naming convention in which developers start each new word in a variable with an uppercase letter.
  • pass the hash attack - A pass the hash attack is an exploit in which an attacker steals a hashed user credential and -- without cracking it -- reuses it to trick an authentication system into creating a new authenticated session on the same network.
  • passenger name record (PNR) - A passenger name record (PNR) is a collection of data pertaining to an individual air traveler or a group of individuals travelling together.
  • passive attack - A passive attack is a network attack in which a system is monitored and sometimes scanned for open ports and vulnerabilities.
  • Passive Candidate - A passive candidate (passive job candidate) is anyone in the workforce who is not actively looking for a job.
  • passive cooling - Passive cooling is an approach to cooling computer components through slowing the speed at which the component, such as the processor, is operating.
  • passive keyless entry (PKE) - Passive keyless entry (PKE) is an automotive locking system that operates automatically when the holder is in proximity to the vehicle.
  • passive optical network (PON) - A passive optical network (PON) is a system commonly used by telecommunications network providers that brings fiber optic cabling and signals all or most of the way to the end user.
  • passive reconnaissance - Passive reconnaissance is an attempt to gain information about targeted computers and networks without actively engaging with the systems.
  • passive scanning - Passive scanning is a method of vulnerability detection that relies on information gleaned from network data that is captured from a target computer without direct interaction.
  • passive sensor - Passive sensor technologies gather target data through the detection of vibrations, light, radiation, heat or other phenomena occurring in the subject’s environment.
  • passive solar - Passive solar is the use of the sun’s energy directly for either heating or cooling purposes.
  • passphrase - A passphrase is a sentencelike string of words used for authentication that is longer than a traditional password, easy to remember and difficult to crack.
  • password - A password is a string of characters used to verify the identity of a user during the authentication process.
  • password blacklist - A password blacklist is a list of words disallowed as user passwords due to their commonplace use.
  • password cracking - Password cracking is the process of using an application program to identify an unknown or forgotten password to a computer or network resource.
  • password entropy - Password entropy is a measurement of how unpredictable a password is.
  • password hardening - Password hardening is any one of a variety of measures taken to make it more difficult for an intruder to circumvent the authentication process.
  • password salting - Password salting is a technique to protect passwords stored in databases by adding a string of 32 or more characters and then hashing them.
  • password strength meter - A password strength meter is an indicator, either in graphical or text form, of the strength of a password as entered by a user.
  • passwordless authentication - Passwordless authentication is a verification process that determines whether someone is, in fact, who they say they are without requiring the person to manually enter a string of characters.
  • pastebin - A pastebin is a Web application that allows users to upload and share text online.
  • patch panel - A patch panel in a local area network (LAN) is a mounted hardware assembly that contains ports that are used to connect and manage incoming and outgoing LAN cables.
  • Patch Tuesday - Patch Tuesday is the unofficial name of Microsoft's monthly scheduled release of security fixes for the Windows operating system (OS) and other Microsoft software.
  • paternalistic leadership - Paternalistic leadership is a managerial approach that involves a dominant authority figure who acts as a patriarch or matriarch and treats employees and partners as though they members of a large, extended family.
  • Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) - Path Computation Element (PCE) is a network component, application or node that can apply computational constraints and compute a network path or route by applying computational constraints in real time.
  • pathing (path control) - Pathing (sometimes called path control) is a networking approach used to address the specific needs of storage networks (as compared to ordinary message networks) by changing the way that communication paths are managed and organized.
  • pattern (design pattern) - In software development, a pattern (or design pattern) is a written document that describes a general solution to a design problem that recurs repeatedly in many projects.
  • pattern recognition - Pattern recognition is the ability to detect arrangements of characteristics or data that yield information about a given system.
  • pay for performance (P4P) - Pay for performance (P4P), in healthcare, is a payment model where hospitals, physicians and other healthcare workers are given financial incentives for meeting performance objectives.
  • pay-as-you-go cloud computing (PAYG cloud computing) - The pay-as-you-go cloud computing (PAYG cloud computing) method charges users only for the services they use, eliminating wasted resources.
  • pay-as-you-grow pricing - Vendors that offer a pay-as-you-grow storage allow customers with growing environments to acquire capacity after an array has been installed through the purchase of licenses.
  • payload (computing) - In computing, a payload is the carrying capacity of a packet or other transmission data unit.
  • Payment Card Industry (PCI) - The Payment Card Industry (PCI) is the segment of the financial industry that governs the use of all electronic forms of payment.
  • payment gateway - A payment gateway is a service that authorizes a user’s transfer of funds between financial institutions to sellers without direct delivery of either bank or credit card account information.
  • payment processor - A payment processor is a company that facilitates communication between the bank that issued a customer’s debit or credit card and the seller’s bank.
  • PayPhrase - Amazon's PayPhrase is an Internet point-of-sale (POS) shortcut that allows Amazon customers to use their Amazon payment and shipping authorization credentials while shopping at third-party partner sites.
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