Browse Definitions :
Definition

functional requirements

Functional requirements are the desired operations of a program, or system as defined in software development and systems engineering. The systems in systems engineering can be either software electronic hardware or combination software-driven electronics.

Functional requirements are a part of requirements analysis (also known as requirements engineering), which is an interdisciplinary field of engineering that concerns the design and maintenance of complex systems. Functional requirements describe the desired end function of a system operating within normal parameters, so as to assure the design is adequate to make the desired product and the end product reaches its potential of the design in order to meet user expectations.

The requirements in requirement engineering help direct the development of the engineered product. Typically, a functional requirement is a basic functionality or desired behavior documented clearly and quantitatively. Requirements engineering ideas may be applied to more or less complex items. For example, when outlining the functional requirements for a jar, a functional requirement would be that it holds a fluid and have a threaded top for a lid to seal the jam for better preservation. When a product fails functional requirements, it usually means the product is of low quality and possibly entirely useless.

Functional requirements in systems engineering are complemented by technical requirements, which are also known as non-functional requirements. Technical requirements define what is required to deliver the desired function or behavior from a system to a user’s standards. Technical requirements can be performance factors, accessibility, versatility, logging, control and  backup.

Functional requirements may be considered met even when the non-functional requirements are not. This can still mean that the product is unusable, such as in the consideration of performance requirements.

This was last updated in May 2018

Continue Reading About functional requirements

SearchNetworking
  • throughput

    Throughput is a measure of how many units of information a system can process in a given amount of time.

  • traffic shaping

    Traffic shaping, also known as packet shaping, is a congestion management method that regulates network data transfer by delaying...

  • open networking

    Open networking describes a network that uses open standards and commodity hardware.

SearchSecurity
  • buffer underflow

    A buffer underflow, also known as a buffer underrun or a buffer underwrite, is when the buffer -- the temporary holding space ...

  • pen testing (penetration testing)

    A penetration test, also called a pen test or ethical hacking, is a cybersecurity technique that organizations use to identify, ...

  • single sign-on (SSO)

    Single sign-on (SSO) is a session and user authentication service that permits a user to use one set of login credentials -- for ...

SearchCIO
  • benchmark

    A benchmark is a standard or point of reference people can use to measure something else.

  • spatial computing

    Spatial computing broadly characterizes the processes and tools used to capture, process and interact with 3D data.

  • organizational goals

    Organizational goals are strategic objectives that a company's management establishes to outline expected outcomes and guide ...

SearchHRSoftware
  • talent acquisition

    Talent acquisition is the strategic process employers use to analyze their long-term talent needs in the context of business ...

  • employee retention

    Employee retention is the organizational goal of keeping productive and talented workers and reducing turnover by fostering a ...

  • hybrid work model

    A hybrid work model is a workforce structure that includes employees who work remotely and those who work on site, in a company's...

SearchCustomerExperience
Close