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Software applications

Definitions related to software applications, including tech terms about software programs for vertical industries and words and phrases about software development, use and management.

REA - SPE

  • reactive programming - Reactive programming describes a design paradigm that relies on asynchronous programming logic to handle real-time updates to otherwise static content.
  • reactive systems architecture - A computer systems paradigm that takes advantage of the responsiveness, flexibility and resiliency of reactive programming, so that various components can take continue to function and even thrive if any component is compromised.
  • real-time application (RTA) - A real-time application is an application program that functions within a time frame that the user senses as immediate or current.
  • recommendation engine - Recommendation engines are common among online retail websites, such as Amazon.
  • records information management (RIM) - Records information management (RIM) is a corporate area of endeavor involving the administration of all business records through their life cycle.
  • records retention schedule - A records retention schedule is a policy that depicts how long data items must be kept, as well as the disposal guidelines for these data items.
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) - Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is an enterprise Linux operating system (OS) developed by Red Hat for the business market.
  • Regional Health Information Organization (RHIO) - A Regional Health Information Organization (RHIO) is a group of organizations within a specific area that share healthcare-related information electronically according to accepted healthcare information technology (HIT) standards.
  • registered health information technician (RHIT) - A registered health information technician (RHIT) is a certified professional who stores and verifies the accuracy and completeness of electronic health records.
  • regular expression (regex) - A regular expression (sometimes abbreviated to "regex") is a way for a computer user or programmer to express how a computer program should look for a specified pattern in text and then what the program is to do when each pattern match is found.
  • release management - Release management is a software engineering process intended to oversee the development, testing, deployment and support of software releases.
  • reliability - Reliability is an attribute of any computer-related component (software, or hardware, or a network, for example) that consistently performs according to its specifications.
  • remote deposit capture (RDC) - Remote deposit capture (RDC) is a system that allows a customer to scan checks remotely and transmit the check images to a bank for deposit, usually via an encrypted Internet connection.
  • remote desktop - A remote desktop is a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
  • remote patient monitoring (RPM) - Remote patient monitoring (RPM) is a subcategory of homecare telehealth that allows patients to use mobile medical devices or technology to gather patient-generated health data (PGHD) and send it to healthcare professionals.
  • remote-control software - Remote-control software is programming in a central or server computer that is used to control other computers (or their users) at a distance, either under the control of an administrator or at the request of the user.
  • rendering - In 3-D graphic design, rendering is the process of add shading, color and lamination to a 2-D or 3-D wireframe in order to create life-like images on a screen.
  • replenishment - Replenishment is the controlled and regular movement of inventory from an upstream point on the supply chain to a downstream location that requires sufficient stock to cover demand.
  • request for proposal (RFP) - A request for proposal (RFP) is a document that an organization, often a government agency or large enterprise, posts to elicit a response -- a formal bid -- from potential vendors for a desired IT solution.
  • reseller - In information technology, a reseller is a company that typically purchases IT products or services from a product manufacturer, distributor or service provider and then markets them to customers.
  • restricted API - A restricted API is an application program interface whose access, or use, is intentionally limited by web site developers for security purposes or business reasons.
  • RHIA (Registered Health Information Administrator) - An RHIA, or registered health information administrator, is a certified professional who oversees the creation and use of patient health information, including analyzing that data.
  • Rich Client Platform (RCP) - A Rich Client Platform (RCP) is a specialized computer program intended for the creation of Java applications built on the Eclipse architecture.
  • Rich Internet Application (RIA) - A rich Internet application (RIA) is a Web application designed to deliver the same features and functions normally associated with deskop applications.
  • Rich Text Format (RTF) - Rich Text Format (RTF) is a file format that lets you exchange text files between different word processors in different operating systems.
  • RightScale Inc. - RightScale is a software as a service (SaaS) provider that offers cloud management and analytics tools for public, private and hybrid clouds.
  • robo-advisor - A robo-advisor is an artificial intelligence (AI) driven virtual financial advisor.
  • robotic process automation (RPA) - Robotic process automation (RPA) is a technology that mimics the way humans interact with software to perform high-volume, repeatable tasks.
  • robotic surgery (robot-assisted surgery) - Robotic surgery is the use of computer technologies working in conjunction with robot systems to perform medical procedures.
  • round robin - A round robin is an arrangement of choosing all elements in a group equally in some rational order, usually from the top to the bottom of a list and then starting again at the top of the list and so on.
  • Safari - Safari is Apple's default Web browser for OS X and iOS-based devices.
  • Sage CRM - Sage CRM is a line of software products for customer relationship management in the small-to-medium size business market.
  • sales force automation (SFA) - Sales force automation (SFA) software is programming that streamlines the collection, analysis and distribution of data in a sales pipeline.
  • SAP Business One - SAP Business One is an ERP software platform specifically intended for small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs).
  • SAP BW (Business Warehouse) - SAP Business Warehouse (BW) is a model-driven data warehousing product based on the SAP NetWeaver ABAP platform.
  • SAP ERP - SAP ERP is enterprise resource planning software developed by the company SAP SE.
  • SAP NetWeaver - SAP NetWeaver is a technology platform that allows organizations to integrate data, business processes, elements and more from a variety of sources into unified SAP environments.
  • SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) - SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) is a category of software application program for process control, the gathering of data in real time from remote locations in order to control equipment and conditions.
  • screen saver - A screen saver is an animated image that is activated on a personal computer display when no user activity has been sensed for a certain time.
  • screen scraping - Screen scraping is the act of copying information that shows on a digital display so it can be used for another purpose.
  • seat management - Seat management is a method of coordinating all the workstations in an enterprise network by overseeing the installation, operation, and maintenance of hardware and software at each workstation.
  • security information management (SIM) - Security information management (SIM) is the practice of collecting, monitoring and analyzing security-related data from computer logs and various other data sources.
  • SELinux (Security-Enhanced Linux) - SELinux, or Security-Enhanced Linux, is a part of the Linux security kernel that acts as a protective agent on servers.
  • semi-structured data - Semi-structured data is data that has not been organized into a specialized format, such as a table, a record, an array or a tree but that nevertheless has associated information, such as metadata, that makes it more amenable to processing than raw data.
  • serious reportable event (SRE) - A serious reportable event (SRE) is an incident involving death or serious harm to a patient resulting from a lapse or error in a healthcare facility.
  • serverless backup - Serverless data backup removes backup procedures from production servers so that the time usually spent on backup functions can be used for other server tasks.
  • Service Data Objects (SDO) - Service Data Objects (SDO) is the name of a specification designed to streamline the processing of SOA (service-oriented architecture) data from diverse sources such as XML documents, relational databases and Web services.
  • service-component architecture (SCA) - Service-component architecture (SCA) is a group of specifications intended for the development of applications based on service-oriented architecture (SOA), which defines how computing entities interact to perform work for each other.
  • servlet - A servlet is a small program that runs on a server.
  • seven wastes - The seven wastes are categories of unproductive manufacturing practices identified by Taiichi Ohno, the father of the Toyota Production System (TPS).
  • SFX (special effects) - SFX, an abbreviation for special effects, is a software product that makes it easy to create certain kinds of hypertext links within a collection of information such as the description of a library collection.
  • SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) - SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) is a standard for how to specify a document markup language or tag set.
  • SharePoint farm - A SharePoint farm is a collection of servers that work in concert to provide a set of basic SharePoint services to support a single site.
  • SharePoint Online - Microsoft SharePoint Online is a collection of cloud- and web-based technologies that make it easy for organizations to store, share and manage digital information.
  • SharePoint sprawl - SharePoint sprawl occurs when end users create a new site to categorize content that could have been stored in an existing site, or categorize content poorly so it's difficult to find later on.
  • shareware - Shareware is software that is distributed free on a trial basis with the understanding that the user may need or want to pay for it later.
  • shelfware - Shelfware is IT slang for software that a company buys because of a perceived need or demand but never uses; hence, it sits on the shelf.
  • shift-right testing - Shift-right testing is a method of continuously testing software while it is in a post-production environment.
  • shrink wrap license - A shrink wrap license is an end user agreement (EULA) that is enclosed with software in plastic-wrapped packaging.
  • sideloading - Sideloading is the installation of an application on a mobile device without using the device’s official application-distribution method.
  • Simian Army - The Simian Army is a collection of open source cloud testing tools created by the online video streaming company, Netflix.
  • single pane of glass - A single pane of glass is a management console that presents data from multiple sources in a unified display.
  • single-source publishing (multi-channel publishing) - Single-source publishing, often used synonymously with multi-channel publishing, is a content management method in which material from one document can be used for various file formats, such as a text file, a website or an image file.
  • single-system image (SSI) - Single-system image (SSI) is the idea that the resources provided by cluster computing or in any system which aggregates resources should present a single interface to the user.
  • single-tenancy - Single-tenancy is an architecture in which a single instance of a software application and supporting infrastructure serves one customer.
  • site reliability engineering (SRE) - Site reliability engineering (SRE) is the application of scripting and automation to IT operations tasks such as maintenance and support.
  • site scraper - A site scraper is a type of software used to copy content from a website.
  • Six Sigma - Six Sigma is a business methodology for quality improvement that measures how many defects there are in a current process and seeks to systematically eliminate them.
  • skeuomorphism - Skeuomorphism is the design concept of making items represented resemble their real-world counterparts.
  • skunked term - A skunked term is a word or phrase whose meaning is changing in such a way that it becomes difficult for people to be sure they are using it correctly.
  • Skype - Skype is an Internet telephony service provider that offers free calling between computers and low-cost calling to regular telephones that aren't connected to the Internet.
  • smart bandage - A smart bandage is a wound dressing with added technology to sense wound healing progress, dispense medication and upload progress-related data.
  • smart home app (home automation app) - A smart home app, sometimes referred to as a home automation app or a smart home automation app, is an application used to remotely control and manage connected non-computing devices in the home, typically from a smartphone or tablet.
  • snap-in - Snap-in, in general, refers to an object that can be attached to another object and that will then function as part of the whole.
  • SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine -- Clinical Terms) - SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine -- Clinical Terms) is a standardized, multilingual vocabulary of clinical terminology that is used by physicians and other health care providers for the electronic exchange of clinical health information.
  • SOA governance - SOA governance refers to the processes used to oversee and control the adoption and implementation of service-oriented architecture (SOA) in accordance with recognized practices, principles and government regulations.
  • SOA networking - SOA networking is the use of the service-oriented architecture (SOA) model to enhance the capabilities of networks that use Web services.
  • SOA registry - An SOA registry is a resource that provides controlled access to data necessary for governance of SOA (service-oriented architecture) projects.
  • SOA repository - An SOA repository is a database containing the software and metadata that constitute an SOA registry.
  • social computing - Social computing is the collaborative and interactive nature of online behavior.
  • soft copy - A soft copy (sometimes spelled 'softcopy') is an electronic copy (or e-copy) of some type of data, such as a file viewed on a computer's display or transmitted as an email attachment.
  • soft keyboard (onscreen keyboard or software keyboard) - A soft keyboard (sometimes called an onscreen keyboard or software keyboard) is a system that replaces the hardware keyboard on a computing device with an on-screen image map.
  • softlifting - Softlifting is a common type of software piracy in which a legally licensed software program is installed or copied in violation of its licensing agreement.
  • software - Software is a set of instructions, data or programs used to operate computers and execute specific tasks.
  • software agent - A software agent is a persistent, goal-oriented computer program that reacts to its environment and runs without continuous direct supervision to perform some function for an end user or another program.
  • Software as a Medical Device (SaMD) - Software as a Medical Device (SaMD) is software that performs a medical task without being part of a hardware device.
  • Software as a Service (SaaS) - Software as a service (SaaS) is a software distribution model in which a third-party provider hosts applications and makes them available to customers over the Internet.
  • software audit - A software audit is an internal or external review of a software program to check its quality, progress or adherence to plans, standards and regulations.
  • Software Engineering Institute (SEI) - The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a research, development and training center involved in computer software and network security.
  • software license - A software license is a document that provides legally binding guidelines for the use and distribution of software.
  • software package - A software package is an assemblage of files and information about those files.
  • software resilience testing - Software resilience testing is a method of software testing that focuses on ensuring that applications will perform well in real-life or chaotic conditions.
  • software robot - A software robot is an AI (artificial intelligence) system that runs on a host device rather than existing as a standalone machine.
  • software stack - A software stack is a collection of independent components that work together to support the execution of an application.
  • software substitution - Software substitution is the use of computer programs to conduct tasks that have traditionally been performed by a human.
  • software-defined networking monitoring application (SDN monitoring application) - An SDN monitoring application is a software program that oversees the traffic in a software-defined network (SDN) as a component of network management.
  • sorting algorithm - A sorting algorithm is a method for reorganizing a large number of items into a specific order, such as alphabetical, highest-to-lowest value or shortest-to-longest distance.
  • spam confidence level (SCL) - Spam confidence level (SCL) is a numerical value indicating the likelihood that an incoming email message is spam.
  • spam filter - A spam filter is a program used to detect unsolicited, unwanted and virus-infected emails and prevent those messages from getting to a user's inbox.
SearchNetworking
  • cloud-native network function (CNF)

    A cloud-native network function (CNF) is a service that performs network duties in software, as opposed to purpose-built hardware.

  • microsegmentation

    Microsegmentation is a security technique that splits a network into definable zones and uses policies to dictate how data and ...

  • Wi-Fi 6E

    Wi-Fi 6E is one variant of the 802.11ax standard.

SearchSecurity
  • MICR (magnetic ink character recognition)

    MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) is a technology invented in the 1950s that's used to verify the legitimacy or ...

  • What is cybersecurity?

    Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems such as hardware, software and data from cyberthreats.

  • Android System WebView

    Android System WebView is a system component for the Android operating system (OS) that allows Android apps to display web ...

SearchCIO
  • privacy compliance

    Privacy compliance is a company's accordance with established personal information protection guidelines, specifications or ...

  • contingent workforce

    A contingent workforce is a labor pool whose members are hired by an organization on an on-demand basis.

  • product development (new product development -- NPD)

    Product development, also called new product management, is a series of steps that includes the conceptualization, design, ...

SearchHRSoftware
  • talent acquisition

    Talent acquisition is the strategic process employers use to analyze their long-term talent needs in the context of business ...

  • employee retention

    Employee retention is the organizational goal of keeping productive and talented workers and reducing turnover by fostering a ...

  • hybrid work model

    A hybrid work model is a workforce structure that includes employees who work remotely and those who work on site, in a company's...

SearchCustomerExperience
  • hockey stick growth

    Hockey stick growth is a growth pattern in a line chart that shows a sudden and extremely rapid growth after a long period of ...

  • Salesforce Trailhead

    Salesforce Trailhead is a series of online tutorials that coach beginner and intermediate developers who need to learn how to ...

  • Salesforce

    Salesforce, Inc. is a cloud computing and social enterprise software-as-a-service (SaaS) provider based in San Francisco.

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