Browse Definitions :
Definition

default

What is a default?

In IT, a default is a pre-designed value or setting that is used by a computer software or mobile application when a value or setting is not specified by the program user.

What are some other definitions of default?

To the program requestor, to default is to intentionally or accidentally allow the preestablished value or setting for an item to be used by the program. The program is said to default when it uses a default value or setting.

The term default also pertains to something that is used when something else is not supplied or specified. For example, a default printer is one that is assumed to be connected to a computer unless the computer user specifies another type that is connected.

What is the benefit of a default setting?

Defaults can be a convenience for users because they enable programs to perform certain operations without requiring users to specify the desired values. For example, if a user opens a software application, it may default to a particular language or set of preferences until the user changes them.

Defaults are also important in programming languages as they help ensure that data always has a certain value if it is not explicitly given a different one. This can set sensible defaults that prevent errors or other issues from occurring.

Finally, default settings are also important for computer security. Default passwords and system settings may be configured to keep computers safe from malicious users or hackers, who could otherwise gain access to sensitive data or damage a system.

Overall, defaults are an important tool for both computer users and developers, as they can save time and provide extra security to a system or application.

How is a default setting created?

When the program receives a request from a user or another program, it looks at the information that has been passed to it. If a particular item of information is not specified, the program uses the default value that was defined for that item when the program or application was written.

When designing a program, defaults are usually preestablished as the value or setting that most users would probably choose. This keeps the interface simpler for the user and means that less information has to be passed and examined during each program request.

Defaults can also be set from the computer's operating system. Here, a program can read the default settings for certain items whenever it starts up and uses them as needed.

This enables programs to work in different environments and with various configurations without needing to have their settings changed for each one.

Check out in-demand programming languages and cloud programming languages developers need to know. Explore enterprise password security guidelines and top information security best practices, challenges and pain points. See what it means to do 'everything as code' in IT operations, and find out actions to optimize infrastructure-as-code initiatives.

This was last updated in December 2022

Continue Reading About default

Networking
  • What is wavelength?

    Wavelength is the distance between identical points, or adjacent crests, in the adjacent cycles of a waveform signal propagated ...

  • subnet (subnetwork)

    A subnet, or subnetwork, is a segmented piece of a larger network. More specifically, subnets are a logical partition of an IP ...

  • secure access service edge (SASE)

    Secure access service edge (SASE), pronounced sassy, is a cloud architecture model that bundles together network and cloud-native...

Security
  • What is exposure management?

    Exposure management is a cybersecurity approach to protecting exploitable IT assets.

  • intrusion detection system (IDS)

    An intrusion detection system monitors (IDS) network traffic for suspicious activity and sends alerts when such activity is ...

  • cyber attack

    A cyber attack is any malicious attempt to gain unauthorized access to a computer, computing system or computer network with the ...

CIO
  • What is a startup company?

    A startup company is a newly formed business with particular momentum behind it based on perceived demand for its product or ...

  • What is a CEO (chief executive officer)?

    A chief executive officer (CEO) is the highest-ranking position in an organization and responsible for implementing plans and ...

  • What is labor arbitrage?

    Labor arbitrage is the practice of searching for and then using the lowest-cost workforce to produce products or goods.

HRSoftware
  • organizational network analysis (ONA)

    Organizational network analysis (ONA) is a quantitative method for modeling and analyzing how communications, information, ...

  • HireVue

    HireVue is an enterprise video interviewing technology provider of a platform that lets recruiters and hiring managers screen ...

  • Human Resource Certification Institute (HRCI)

    Human Resource Certification Institute (HRCI) is a U.S.-based credentialing organization offering certifications to HR ...

Customer Experience
  • What is the law of diminishing returns?

    The law of diminishing returns is an economic principle stating that as investment in a particular area increases, the rate of ...

  • What is an abandoned call?

    An abandoned call is a call or other type of contact initiated to a call center or contact center that is ended before any ...

  • What is an outbound call?

    An outbound call is one initiated by a contact center agent to prospective customers and focuses on sales, lead generation, ...

Close