Browse Definitions :
Definition

translation lookaside buffer (TLB)

A translation lookaside buffer (TLB) is a memory cache that stores recent translations of virtual memory to physical addresses for faster retrieval.

When a virtual memory address is referenced by a program, the search starts in the CPU. First, instruction caches are checked. If the required memory is not in these very fast caches, the system has to look up the memory’s physical address. At this point, TLB is checked for a quick reference to the location in physical memory.

When an address is searched in the TLB and not found, the physical memory must be searched with a memory page crawl operation. As virtual memory addresses are translated, values referenced are added to TLB. When a value can be retrieved from TLB, speed is enhanced because the memory address is stored in the TLB on processor. Most processors include TLBs to increase the speed of virtual memory operations through the inherent latency-reducing proximity as well as the high-running frequencies of current CPU’s.

TLBs also add the support required for multi-user computers to keep memory separate, by having a user and a supervisor mode as well as using permissions on read and write bits to enable sharing.

TLBs can suffer performance issues from multitasking and code errors. This performance degradation is called a cache thrash. Cache thrash is caused by an ongoing computer activity that fails to progress due to excessive use of resources or conflicts in the caching system.

This was last updated in September 2014

Continue Reading About translation lookaside buffer (TLB)

SearchNetworking
SearchSecurity
  • man in the browser (MitB)

    Man in the browser (MitB) is a security attack where the perpetrator installs a Trojan horse on the victim's computer that is ...

  • Patch Tuesday

    Patch Tuesday is the unofficial name of Microsoft's monthly scheduled release of security fixes for the Windows operating system ...

  • parameter tampering

    Parameter tampering is a type of web-based cyber attack in which certain parameters in a URL are changed without a user's ...

SearchCIO
  • e-business (electronic business)

    E-business (electronic business) is the conduct of business processes on the internet.

  • business resilience

    Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business ...

  • chief procurement officer (CPO)

    The chief procurement officer, or CPO, leads an organization's procurement department and oversees the acquisitions of goods and ...

SearchHRSoftware
SearchCustomerExperience
  • clickstream data (clickstream analytics)

    Clickstream data and clickstream analytics are the processes involved in collecting, analyzing and reporting aggregate data about...

  • neuromarketing

    Neuromarketing is the study of how people's brains respond to advertising and other brand-related messages by scientifically ...

  • contextual marketing

    Contextual marketing is an online marketing strategy model in which people are served with targeted advertising based on their ...

Close