Browse Definitions :

Browse Definitions by Alphabet

GPR - GZI

  • gpresult - Gpresult is a command-line tool that shows the RSoP (Resultant Set of Policy) for a user or computer based on applied Group Policy settings.
  • GPRS (General Packet Radio Services) - General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) is a best-effort packet-switching protocol for wireless and cellular network communication services.
  • GPS coordinates - GPS coordinates are a unique identifier of a precise geographic location on the earth, usually expressed in alphanumeric characters.
  • GPS jamming - GPS jamming is the process of using a frequency transmitting device to block or interfere with radio communications.
  • GPS navigation system - A GPS navigation system is a GPS receiver and audio/video (AV) components designed for a specific purpose such as a car-based or hand-held device or a smartphone app.
  • GPS tracking - GPS tracking is the surveillance of location through use of the Global Positioning System (GPS ) to track the location of an entity or object remotely.
  • GPT-3 - GPT-3, or the third generation Generative Pre-trained Transformer, is a neural network machine learning model trained using internet data to generate any type of text.
  • GPU supercomputer - A GPU supercomputer is a networked group of computers with multiple graphics processing units working as general-purpose GPUs (GPGPUs) in tandem on a single task.
  • GR/IR clearing accounts - A GR/IR (goods-receipt/invoice-receipt) clearing account is a bookkeeping device that can be used when goods arrive before the invoice is generated, or when an invoice arrives before the goods are delivered.
  • GraalVM - GraalVM is a tool for developers to write and execute Java code.
  • Grace Hopper nanosecond - A Grace Hopper nanosecond is a visual aid that represents how fast electricity can travel in one billionth of a second.
  • graceful degradation - Graceful degradation is the ability of a computer, machine, electronic system or network to maintain limited functionality even when a large portion of it has been destroyed or rendered inoperative.
  • graceful shutdown and hard shutdown - Graceful shutdown and hard shutdown are two opposing methods of turning off a computer.
  • gram (g or gm) - The gram (abbreviation, g or gm) is the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) unit of mass.
  • Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) - The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLB Act or GLBA), also known as the Financial Modernization Act of 1999, is a federal law enacted in the United States to control the ways financial institutions deal with the private information of individuals.
  • granularity - Granularity is the relative size, scale, level of detail, or depth of penetration that characterizes an object or activity.
  • graph analytics - Graph analytics is a category of software tools and data mining techniques that help an analyst understand the relationship between entries in a graph database.
  • graph database - A graph database is a type of NoSQL database that uses graph theory to store, map and query relationships.
  • Graph Search - Graph Search is a search engine that is integrated with Facebook’s social graphs.
  • graphene transistor - A graphene transistor is a nanoscale device based on graphene, a component of graphite with electronic properties far superior to those of silicon.
  • graphic equalizer - A graphic equalizer is a high-fidelity audio control that allows the user to see graphically and control individually a number of different frequency bands in a stereophonic system.
  • graphics accelerator - A graphics accelerator (a chipset attached to a video board) is a computer microelectronics component to which a computer program can offload the sending and refreshing of images to the display monitor and the computation of special effects common to 2-D and 3-D images.
  • graphics processing unit (GPU) - A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a computer chip that renders graphics and images by performing rapid mathematical calculations.
  • GraphQL - GraphQL is a query language that allows developers to ask for specific data and return that data from multiple sources through a single API call.
  • GRASP (General Responsibility Assignment Software Patterns) - GRASP (General Responsibility Assignment Software Patterns) is a design pattern in software development used to assign responsibilities for different modules of code.
  • Grasshopper - Grasshopper is a free Android app made to teach the basics of coding in JavaScript.
  • gravesite - In the context of the World Wide Web, a gravesite is either: A Web site that has been abandoned or forgotten by its originators that is nevertheless still accessible on a server.
  • gravitational acceleration - Gravitational acceleration (symbolized g) is an expression used in physics to indicate the intensity of a gravitational field.
  • gravity (or gravitation) - Gravity, also called gravitation, is a force that exists among all material objects in the universe, attracting objects with non-zero mass toward each other.
  • gravity wave (or gravitational wave) - A gravity wave (or gravitational wave) is a ripple in the curvature of the space-time continuum (the enmeshed combination of our three perceived physical dimensions, plus time) created by the movement of matter.
  • grawlix - A grawlix is a sequence of typographical symbols used to represent a non-specific, profane word or phrase.
  • gray box testing (gray box) - Gray box testing, also called gray box analysis, is a strategy for software debugging based on limited knowledge of the internal details of the program.
  • gray goo (or grey goo) - Gray goo (in British spelling, "grey goo") is a term used to describe what life on our planet might become if self-replicating robots or nanomachines got out of control and began to use up life forms for their own energy needs in some unstoppable way.
  • gray market - The gray market (sometimes spelled as "grey market") is the collective system of unauthorized sales channels for products.
  • grayscale - Grayscale is a range of shades of gray without apparent color.
  • Great Firewall of China - The Great Firewall of China is the name that western media has given to the combination of tools, services and rules that the government of the People's Republic of China uses to block certain internet content from those within China's borders.
  • great recession (Great Recession) - Great recession is a label used by journalists and  economists to describe a severe, prolonged economic downturn.
  • greedy algorithm - A greedy algorithm is a mathematical process that looks for simple, easy-to-implement solutions to complex, multi-step problems by deciding which next step will provide the most obvious benefit.
  • green cloud - Green cloud is a buzzword that refers to the potential environmental benefits that IT services delivered over the internet can offer society.
  • green computing - Green computing, also called green technology, is the environmentally responsible use of computers and related resources.
  • green data center - A green data center is a repository for the storage, management and dissemination of data in which the mechanical, lighting, electrical and computer systems are designed to maximize energy efficiency and minimize environmental impact.
  • green IT (green information technology) - Green IT (green information technology) is the practice of environmentally sustainable computing.
  • green networking - Green networking is the practice of selecting energy-efficient networking technologies and products, and minimizing resource use whenever possible.
  • green procurement - Green procurement is a continuous commitment to start-to-finish process management with consideration for environmental impact in business activities used to meet needs for materials, goods, utilities and services.
  • green screen (blue screen) - Green screen (also blue screen) is the use of a single color as a backdrop in filming to make it simpler and easier to add backgrounds, characters or other images.
  • green storage - Green storage is the practice of using a variety of "clean energy" storage methods and products to cut down on a data center's carbon footprint, as well as cost.
  • Green Technology Terms: Glossary - This is a WhatIs.
  • greenfield deployment - A greenfield deployment is the design, installation and configuration of computer infrastructure where none existed before, for example, in a new office.
  • greenhouse effect - The Greenhouse effect is the warming effect of the sun on greenhouse gases like CO2 that act to trap this heat in our atmosphere.
  • greenhouse gas - A greenhouse gas is a gas that absorbs infrared (IR) radiation and radiates heat in all directions.
  • greenwashing - Greenwashing is the practice of making an unsubstantiated or misleading claim about the environmental benefits of a product, service, technology or company practice.
  • Gregorian calendar - The Gregorian calendar is the calendar in current use in the Western world, both as the civil and Christian ecclesiastical calendar.
  • grep - Grep, a UNIX command and also a utility available for Windows and other operating systems, is used to search one or more files for a given character string or pattern and, if desired, replace the character string with another one.
  • greylist (or graylist) - A greylist (also spelled graylist) is a list of e-mail addresses or domain names that a spam filter uses to identify suspected spam.
  • grid authentication - Grid authentication is a method of ensuring that an end user is who he claims to be by requiring him to enter values from specific cells in a grid whose content should be only accessible to him and the service provider.
  • grid computing - Grid computing is a system for connecting a large number of computer nodes into a distributed architecture that delivers the compute resources necessary to solve complex problems.
  • grok - To grok (pronounced GRAHK) something is to understand something so well that it is fully absorbed into oneself.
  • Groovy - Groovy is a dynamic object-oriented programming language for the Java virtual machine (JVM) that can be used anywhere Java is used.
  • gross revenue - Gross revenue is the total of all money generated by a business, without taking into account any part of that total that has been or will be used for expenses.
  • ground - A ground is a direct electrical connection to the earth, a connection to a particular point in an electrical or electronic circuit, or an indirect connection that operates as the result of capacitance between wireless equipment and the earth or a large mass of conductive material.
  • Group Policy - Group Policy is a hierarchical infrastructure that allows a network administrator in charge of Microsoft's Active Directory to implement specific configurations for users and computers.
  • Group Policy Editor (GP Editor) - Group Policy Editor is a tool that helps administrators manage policy settings in Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-ins.
  • Group Policy Management Console - The Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) is an interface that enables Active Directory administrators to manage Group Policy Objects (GPOs) from one console.
  • Group Policy Object (GPO) - Microsoft’s Group Policy Object (GPO) is a collection of Group Policy settings that defines what a system will look like and how it will behave for a defined group of users.
  • Group Policy Preferences - Group Policy Preferences are a set of extensions, introduced in Windows Server 2008, that increase the functionality of Group Policy Objects.
  • group think - Group think (also spelled groupthink) is a phenomenon that occurs when group's need for consensus supersedes the judgment of individual group members.
  • Groupon - Groupon is a marketing service that offers its subscribers daily discount coupons by email, Facebook and Twitter feeds.
  • growth hacking - Growth hacking is an approach to driving product adoption, usage and sales by experimental, innovative and low-cost means.
  • growth potential - Growth potential is an organization's future ability to generate larger profits, expand its workforce and ramp up its production.
  • gRPC - gRPC is a high performance, open source framework developed by Google to handle remote procedure calls (RPCs).
  • GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) - GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) is a boot loader package developed to support multiple operating systems and allow the user to select among them during boot-up.
  • GS1 - GS1 is a global, not-for-profit association that maintains standards for barcodes and RFID tags and for supply chain messaging such as Electronic Data Interchange (EDI).
  • GSA IT Schedule 70 - IT Schedule 70 is a long-term contract issued by the United States government.
  • GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) - GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) is a digital mobile network that is widely used by mobile phone users in Europe and other parts of the world.
  • guaranteed income - Guaranteed income is an umbrella term for a number of models designed to deliver funds to a given population.
  • guest OS (guest operating system) - A guest OS is the operating system installed on either a virtual machine (VM) or partitioned disk.
  • guest virtual machine (guest VM) - A guest virtual machine (guest VM) is the software component of a virtual machine (VM), an independent instance of an operating system (called a guest operating system) and its associated software and information.
  • GUI (graphical user interface) - A GUI (usually pronounced "GOO-ee") is a graphical (rather than purely textual) user interface to a computer.
  • GUI testing (graphical user interface testing) - GUI testing is the process of ensuring proper functionality of the graphical user interface (GUI) for a given application and making sure it conforms to its written specifications.
  • GUID (global unique identifier) - A GUID (globally unique identifier) is a 128-bit text string that represents an identification (ID).
  • gummy bear hack - A gummy bear hack is an attempt to fool a biometric fingerprint scanner by using a gelatin-based candy to hold a fingerprint.
  • GVRP (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol or Generic VLAN Registration Protocol) - GVRP (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol or Generic VLAN Registration Protocol) is a standards-based protocol that facilitates control of virtual local area networks (VLANs) within a larger network.
  • GWT (GWT Web Toolkit) - The GWT software development kit facilitates the creation of complex browser-based Java applications that can be deployed as JavaScript, for portability across browsers, devices and platforms.
  • GWX (Get Windows 10) - GWX (get Windows 10) is a Windows upgrade app that was initially installed after Windows update KB3035583; the app has been the subject of consumer complaints for manipulative design.
  • gyroscope - A gyroscope is a device with a spinning disc or wheel mechanism that harnesses the principle of conservation of angular momentum: the tendency for the spin of a system to remain constant unless subjected to external torque.
  • gzip (GNU zip) - Gzip (GNU zip) is a free and open source algorithm for file compression.
SearchNetworking
  • virtual network functions (VNFs)

    Virtual network functions (VNFs) are virtualized tasks formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware.

  • network functions virtualization (NFV)

    Network functions virtualization (NFV) is a network architecture model designed to virtualize network services that have ...

  • overlay network

    An overlay network is a virtual or logical network that is created on top of an existing physical network.

SearchSecurity
  • encryption

    Encryption is the method by which information is converted into secret code that hides the information's true meaning.

  • X.509 certificate

    An X.509 certificate is a digital certificate that uses the widely accepted international X.509 public key infrastructure (PKI) ...

  • directory traversal

    Directory traversal is a type of HTTP exploit in which a hacker uses the software on a web server to access data in a directory ...

SearchCIO
  • resource allocation

    Resource allocation is the process of assigning and managing assets in a manner that supports an organization's strategic ...

  • chief digital officer (CDO)

    A chief digital officer (CDO) is charged with helping an enterprise use digital information and advanced technologies to create ...

  • security audit

    A security audit is a systematic evaluation of the security of a company's information system by measuring how well it conforms ...

SearchHRSoftware
SearchCustomerExperience
  • implementation

    Implementation is the execution or practice of a plan, a method or any design, idea, model, specification, standard or policy for...

  • first call resolution (FCR)

    First call resolution (FCR) is when customer service agents properly address a customer's needs the first time they call.

  • customer intelligence (CI)

    Customer intelligence (CI) is the process of collecting and analyzing detailed customer data from internal and external sources ...

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