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Operating systems

Definitions related to operating systems, including tech terms about open source and proprietary operating systems and words and phrases about system programs, boot mechanisms, kernels, command interpreters, DLL libraries and drivers.

UNI - Z/O

  • Unix - Unix -- trademarked as UNIX -- is a multiuser, multitasking operating system (OS) designed for flexibility and adaptability.
  • utility - In computers, a utility is a small program that provides an addition to the capabilities provided by the operating system.
  • vectored interrupt - In a computer, a vectored interrupt is an I/O interrupt that tells the part of the computer that handles I/O interrupts at the hardware level that a request for attention from an I/O device has been received and and also identifies the device that sent the request.
  • virtual appliance - Considered a software equivalent of a hardware device, a virtual appliance (VA) is a preconfigured software solution.
  • virtual machine (VM) - A virtual machine (VM) is an operating system (OS) or application environment that is installed on software, which imitates dedicated hardware.
  • virtualization - Virtualization is the creation of a virtual -- rather than actual -- version of something, such as an operating system (OS), a server, a storage device or network resources.
  • VMS (Virtual Memory System) - VMS (Virtual Memory System) is an operating system from the Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) that runs in its older mid-range computers.
  • VMware Converter - VMware Converter is a utility that facilitates the creation of VMware virtual machines from physical systems or virtual machines associated with third-party vendors.
  • watchdog timer (WDT) - A watchdog timer (WDT) is a device or electronic card that performs a specific operation after a certain period of time if something goes wrong with an electronic system and the system does not recover on its own.
  • wearables OS (wearables operating system) - A wearable OS is an operating system designed or refactored to satisfy the requirements of wearable computers, which can be significantly from one type of device to another and also different from the requirements of both desktop and mobile devices.
  • webOS - WebOS is an LG-owned, Linux based, smart TV operating system that is set up to allow control and access of LG Smart TV’s more advanced features and connected devices through a graphical user interface (GUI).
  • What is a neural network? Explanation and examples - In information technology, an artificial neural network is a system of hardware and/or software patterned after the operation of neurons in the human brain.
  • What is failover? - Failover is a backup operational mode in which the functions of a system component (such as a processor, server, network, or database, for example) are assumed by secondary system components when the primary component becomes unavailable through either failure or scheduled down time.
  • What is patch management? Lifecycle, benefits and best practices - Patch management is the subset of systems management that involves identifying, acquiring, testing and installing patches, or code changes, that are intended to fix bugs, close security holes or add features.
  • What is risk management and why is it important? - Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.
  • What is server virtualization? The ultimate guide - Server virtualization is a process that creates and abstracts multiple virtual instances on a single server.
  • window - A window is a separate viewing area on a computer display screen in a system that allows multiple viewing areas as part of a graphical user interface (GUI).
  • windowing system - A windowing system is a system for sharing a computer's graphical display presentation resources among multiple applications at the same time.
  • Windows 1.0 - Windows 1.0 was the first of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating systems, released in 1985.
  • Windows 10 (Microsoft Windows 10) - Windows 10 is a Microsoft operating system for personal computers, tablets, embedded devices and internet of things devices.
  • Windows 10 Mobile - Windows 10 Mobile is Microsoft’s operating system for handheld devices; the mobile OS follows Windows Phone 8.
  • Windows 3.0 - Windows 3.0 was the 3rd version of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating system, released in 1990.
  • Windows 3.1 - Windows 3.1 was the 4th version of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating system, released in 1993.
  • Windows 7 - Windows 7 is the Microsoft Windows operating system (OS) released commercially in October 2009 as the successor to Windows Vista.
  • Windows 8 - Windows 8 is a personal computer operating system that is part of the Windows NT family.
  • Windows 95 - Windows 95 was the 5th version of Microsoft’s GUI operating system, released in 1995.
  • Windows Azure Fabric Controller (FC) - The Azure Fabric Controller (FC) is the part of the Windows Azure platform that monitors and manages virtual and physical servers and coordinates resources for software applications.
  • Windows CE - Windows CE is based on the Microsoft Windows operating system but is designed for including or embedding in mobile and other space-constrained devices.
  • Windows Embedded - Windows Embedded is Microsoft’s embedded operating systems  product group.
  • Windows NT - Windows NT is a Microsoft Windows personal computer operating system designed for users and businesses needing advanced capability.
  • Windows Registry Editor (regedit) - The Windows Registry Editor (regedit) is a graphical tool in the Microsoft Windows operating system (OS) that enables authorized users to view the Windows registry and make changes.
  • Windows To Go - Windows To Go is a feature of the Windows 8 Enterprise operating system that allows it to be copied to a portable USB storage device.
  • X Window System (X or XWindows) - The X Window System (sometimes referred to as "X" or as "XWindows") is an open, cross-platform, client/server system for managing a windowed graphical user interface in a distributed network.
  • XCCDF (Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format) - XCCDF (Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format) is a specification language for writing security checklists, benchmarks and related types of documents.
  • z/OS - Introduced in 2000, IBM z/OS is a 64-bit mainframe operating system (OS) developed by IBM for its family of enterprise z/Architecture mainframe computers.
SearchNetworking
  • virtual network functions (VNFs)

    Virtual network functions (VNFs) are virtualized tasks formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware.

  • network functions virtualization (NFV)

    Network functions virtualization (NFV) is a network architecture model designed to virtualize network services that have ...

  • overlay network

    An overlay network is a virtual or logical network that is created on top of an existing physical network.

SearchSecurity
  • X.509 certificate

    An X.509 certificate is a digital certificate that uses the widely accepted international X.509 public key infrastructure (PKI) ...

  • directory traversal

    Directory traversal is a type of HTTP exploit in which a hacker uses the software on a web server to access data in a directory ...

  • malware

    Malware, or malicious software, is any program or file that is intentionally harmful to a computer, network or server.

SearchCIO
  • data latency

    Data latency is the time it takes for data packets to be stored or retrieved. In business intelligence (BI), data latency is how ...

  • chief data officer (CDO)

    A chief data officer (CDO) in many organizations is a C-level executive whose position has evolved into a range of strategic data...

  • information technology (IT) director

    An information technology (IT) director is the person in charge of technology within an organization. IT directors manage ...

SearchHRSoftware
SearchCustomerExperience
  • implementation

    Implementation is the execution or practice of a plan, a method or any design, idea, model, specification, standard or policy for...

  • first call resolution (FCR)

    First call resolution (FCR) is when customer service agents properly address a customer's needs the first time they call.

  • customer intelligence (CI)

    Customer intelligence (CI) is the process of collecting and analyzing detailed customer data from internal and external sources ...

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