Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

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  • Intel Curie - Intel’s Curie module is a tiny system-on a-chip (SoC) based on the Intel Quark SE.
  • intelligent device - An intelligent device is any type of equipment, instrument, or machine that has its own computing capability.
  • interactive TV (interactive television) - Interactive TV (ITV or iTV) is an approach to television advertising and programming that creates the opportunity for viewers to communicate with advertisers and programming executives by responding to a call to action.
  • interactive video - Interactive video (IV) is a multimedia recording that can take user input to perform some action.
  • interactive whiteboard - An interactive whiteboard, also known as a smartboard, is an interactive display in the format of a whiteboard that reacts to user input either directly or through other devices.
  • interactivity - In computers, interactivity is the dialog that occurs between a human being (or possibly another live creature) and a computer program.
  • interconnection - Interconnection is a strategy for ensuring that businesses can privately, securely and directly exchange digital information.
  • interface device (IDF) - An interface device (IDF) is a hardware component or system of components that allows a human being to interact with a computer or other communication device.
  • interlaced display - An interlaced display is a cathode-ray tube (CRT) display in which the lines are scanned alternately in two interwoven rasterized lines.
  • interlaced GIF - An interlaced GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) is a GIF image that seems to arrive on your display like an image coming through a slowly-opening Venetian blind.
  • interlaced scan - Interlaced scanning is a display signal type in which one-half of the horizontal pixel rows are refreshed in one cycle and the other half in the next, meaning that two complete scans are required to display the screen image.
  • Internet - The Internet, sometimes called simply "the Net," is a worldwide system of computer networks -- a network of networks in which users at any one computer can, if they have permission, get information from any other computer (and sometimes talk directly to users at other computers).
  • internet meme - An Internet meme is a cultural artifact that spreads rapidly, reaching a very large digital audience within a short period of time.
  • internet metering - Internet metering is a service model in which an internet service provider (ISP) keeps track of bandwidth use and charges users accordingly.
  • Internet Movie Database (IMDb) - The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database that provides information to consumers about movies, TV and film industry professionals.
  • Internet of Vehicles (IoV) - The Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is a distributed network that supports the use of data created by connected cars and vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs).
  • Internet porn - Internet porn is sexually explicit content made available online in various formats including images, video files, video games and streaming video.
  • Internet shill - An Internet shill is someone who promotes something or someone online for pay without divulging that they are associated with the entity they shill for.
  • Internet TV - Internet TV (ITV) is generally-available content distributed over the Internet.
  • Internet users' bill of rights - The Internet user’s bill of rights is legislation proposed by Sir Tim Berners-Lee to protect the rights of individuals online.
  • interrupt marketing - Interrupt marketing is the traditional model of product promotion, in which people have to stop what they're doing to pay attention to the marketing message or deal with it in some other way.
  • intranet - An intranet is a private network contained within an enterprise that is used to securely share company information and computing resources among employees.
  • iOS 8 - IOS 8 is the eighth version of Apple’s mobile operating system.
  • iOS developer kit - The iOS software development kit (iOS SDK) is a collection of tools for the creation of apps for Apple’s mobile operating system.
  • iOS Developer Program - The iOS Developer Program is a fee-based subscription that allows program members to publish approved apps to the Apple app store.
  • IP address (Internet Protocol Address) - This definition is based on Internet Protocol Version 4.
  • IP camera - An IP camera is a networked digital video camera that transmits data over a Fast Ethernet link.
  • iPad Air - Apple’s iPad Air is an iOS tablet that is lighter and thinner than the company’s previous tablets.
  • iPhone Configuration Utility - The iPhone Configuration Utility is free software for Windows and Mac OS X that lets an administrator control how an iOS device works within an enterprise IT network.
  • iptables - Iptables is a generic table structure that defines rules and commands as part of the netfilter framework that facilitates Network Address Translation (NAT), packet filtering, and packet mangling in the Linux 2.
  • IPv6 (Internet Protocol Version 6) - IPv6 is a set of specifications from the Internet Engineering Task Force that improves IPv4 by extending IP addresses from 32 bits to 128 bits.
  • iris recognition - Iris recognition is a method of identifying people based on unique patterns within the ring-shaped region surrounding the pupil of the eye.
  • IRL (in real life) - IRL (in real life) is an abbreviation used to explain when person is speaking about something real and outside the digital world of communication, gaming or virtual reality.
  • IRQ (interrupt request) - An IRQ (interrupt request) value is an assigned location where the computer can expect a particular device to interrupt it when the device sends the computer signals about its operation.
  • ISP (internet service provider) - An ISP (internet service provider) is a company that provides individuals and companies access to the internet and other related services.
  • iTunes U - iTunes U is a dedicated section of Apple's iTunes Music Store that features educational audio and video files from universities, museums and public media organizations for free download to PCs and mobile devices.
  • J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) - J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) is a technology that allows programmers to use the Java programming language and related tools to develop programs for mobile wireless information devices such as cellular phones and personal digital assistants (PDAs).
  • jailbreaking - Jailbreaking, in a mobile device context, is the use of an exploit to remove manufacturer or carrier restrictions from a device such as an iPhone or iPad.
  • Java Card - Java Card is an open standard from Sun Microsystems for a smart card development platform.
  • Java Server Page (JSP) - Java Server Page (JSP) is a technology for controlling the content or appearance of Web pages through the use of servlets, small programs that are specified in the Web page and run on the Web server to modify the Web page before it is sent to the user who requested it.
  • JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) - JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) is a group of experts that is producing standards for bi-level image coding.
  • JHTML (Java within Hypertext Markup Language) - JHTML (Java within Hypertext Markup Language) is a standard for including a Java program as part of a Web page (a page written using the Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML).
  • Joomla! - Joomla! is a free open source website development and content management (CMS) platform.
  • joystick - In computers, a joystick is a cursor control device used in computer games and assistive technology.
  • JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) - JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) is an ISO/IEC group of experts that develops and maintains standards for a suite of compression algorithms for computer image files.
  • JRun - JRun is an application server from Macromedia that is based on Sun Microsystems' Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE).
  • JSON (Javascript Object Notation) - JSON (JS Object Notation) is a text-based, human-readable data interchange format used for representing simple data structures and objects in Web browser-based code.
  • JTAPI (Java Telephony Application Programming Interface) - JTAPI (Java Telephony Application Programming Interface) is a Java-based application programming interface (API) for computer telephony applications.
  • jump page - In Web advertising and marketing, a jump page is a Web page that is made to appear temporarily in order to capture the user's attention as a promotion or to gather user information in a survey.
  • jumper - In a computer, a jumper is a pair of prongs that are electrical contact points set into the computer motherboard or an adapter card.
  • Kano Model - The Kano Model is a product development theory which is centered on customer satisfaction.
  • keiretsu - In corporate culture, keiretsu refers to a uniquely Japanese form of corporate organization.
  • Ken Burns effect - Ken Burns effect is the use of still photographs along with zooming, panning and transitions such as fading as the base for video content.
  • kernel panic - A kernel panic refers to a computer error from which the system's operating system (OS) cannot quickly or easily recover.
  • keyboard - On most computers, a keyboard is the primary text input device.
  • keyboard wedge (KBW) - A keyboard wedge can be either a software program or an inserted hardware device that translates digital signals from a barcode reader or magnetic strip reader (MSR) into keyboard strokes for a computer.
  • Keyhole Markup Language (KML) - Keyhole Markup Language (KML) is an XML-based markup language designed to annotate and overlay visualizations on various two-dimensional, Web-based online maps or three-dimensional Earth browsers (such as Google Earth).
  • Khan Academy - The Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization that provides free video tutorials and interactive exercises.
  • Kindle Fire - Kindle Fire is a low-priced tablet computer from Amazon.
  • Kinect - Kinect is Microsoft’s motion gaming system for the Xbox 360.
  • Klout score - A Klout score is a measure of a social influence that aggregates one's reach on various social media platforms.
  • Kool-Aid point - The Kool-Aid point is a threshold of fame or success that, when reached, will cause a negative backlash simply because the individual in question is famous or successful.
  • LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) - LAMP is an open source Web development platform that uses Linux as the operating system, Apache as the Web server, MySQL as the relational database management system and PHP as the object-oriented scripting language.
  • landscape - In printing from a computer, landscape refers to a mode in which content is printed for reading on the longer length of the sheet of paper.
  • laptop computer - A laptop computer, usually called a notebook computer by manufacturers, is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries, temporary offices, and at meetings.
  • LARP (Live Action Role Playing) - LARP (Live Action Role Playing), also called LARPing, is a character-driven type of gameplay that is conducted in the physical world.
  • laser printer - A laser printer is a popular type of computer printer that uses a non-impact photocopier technology where there are no keys striking the paper.
  • LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) - LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) is a type of flat panel display which uses liquid crystals in its primary form of operation.
  • leet speak (leet) - Leet speak, also known as simply leet, is the substitution of a word's letters with numbers or special characters.
  • letterpress - Letterpress is the oldest form of printing.
  • lifecasting - Lifecasting is 24/7 broadcasting of events in a person’s life through digital media.
  • light-emitting diode (LED) - A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor device that emits visible light when an electric current passes through it.
  • link - Using hypertext, a link is a selectable connection from one word, picture, or information object to another.
  • Link Control Protocol (LCP) - In computer networking, Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) provides a standard way to transport multiprotocol data over point-to-point links; within PPP, Link Control Protocol (LCP) establishes, configures and tests data link internet connections.
  • link spam - Link spam is the posting of out-of-context links on websites, discussion forums, blog comments, guestbooks or any other online venue that displays user comments.
  • link type - In Hyper-G and possibly other hypertext systems, a link type is the specification of the nature of the information object being linked to.
  • Linux Mint - Linux Mint is a free and open source operating system (OS) distribution based on Ubuntu and Debian for use on x-86 x-64-compatible machines.
  • liquid cooling - Liquid cooling is the reduction of heat in electronic and mechanical devices through exploiting the properties of liquids.
  • liquid immersion cooling - One of the simplest examples of liquid immersion cooling is taking a standard air-cooled computer's hardware and submerging it in mineral oil.
  • LISA - LISA (Local Integrated System Architecture) was Apple's first personal computer and GUI -based operating system.
  • list server (mailing list server) - A list server (mailing list server) is a program that handles subscription requests for a mailing list and distributes new messages, newsletters, or other postings from the list's members to the entire list of subscribers as they occur or are scheduled.
  • LiveJournal - LiveJournal is a social media platform that allows users to keep a blog, journal or diary and share their interests with LiveJournal friends or communities around the world.
  • LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) - LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) is a website that creates a demonstration of how to conduct a user-specified Google search.
  • load balancing - Load balancing is a technique used to distribute workloads uniformly across servers or other compute resources to optimize network efficiency, reliability and capacity.
  • location awareness - Location awareness is a component of presence technology that delivers information about a device's physical location to another user or application.
  • logo - A logo is a graphic image chosen to represent a company or organization and is uniquely designed for easy recognition.
  • longitudinal time code (LTC) - Longitidinal time code (LTC) is a timing signal that is part of an audio tape recording.
  • look-to-book ratio - The look-to-book ratio is a figure used in the travel industry that shows the percentage of people who visit a travel Web site compared to those who actually make a purchase.
  • loot box - In video games, a loot box is an in-game purchase consisting of a virtual container that awards players with items and modifications based on chance.
  • LPT (line print terminal) - LPT (line print terminal) is the usual designation for a parallel port connection to a printer or other device on a personal computer.
  • LTE (Long-Term Evolution) - LTE (Long-Term Evolution) is a standard for 4G wireless technology that offers increased network capacity and speed for cellphones and other cellular devices compared with 3G.
  • Luddite - A Luddite is a person who dislikes technology, especially technological devices that threaten existing jobs or interfere with personal privacy.
  • MacBook Air - MacBook Air is a thin, lightweight laptop from Apple.
  • Macintosh - The Macintosh (often called "the Mac") was the first widely-sold personal computer with a graphical user interface (GUI) and a mouse.
  • mail bomb - A mail bomb is a form of a denial-of-service (DoS) attack designed to overwhelm an inbox or inhibit a server by sending a massive number of emails to a specific person or system.
  • mail server (mail transfer/transport agent, MTA, mail router, internet mailer) - A mail server -- also known as a mail transfer agent, or MTA; mail transport agent; mail router; or internet mailer -- is an application that receives incoming email from local users and remote senders and forwards outgoing messages for delivery.
  • maker movement - The maker movement is a cultural trend that places value on an individual's ability to be a creator of things as well as a consumer of things.
  • malware - Malware, or malicious software, is any program or file that is intentionally harmful to a computer, network or server.
  • MAPI (Messaging Application Program Interface) - MAPI (Messaging Application Program Interface) is a Microsoft Windows program interface that enables you to send e-mail from within a Windows application and attach the document you are working on to the e-mail note.
  • MAPI over HTTP (Messaging Application Programming Interface over HTTP) - MAPI over HTTP is the default transport protocol to connect clients to Microsoft Exchange and Exchange Online.
SearchNetworking
  • virtual network functions (VNFs)

    Virtual network functions (VNFs) are virtualized tasks formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware.

  • network functions virtualization (NFV)

    Network functions virtualization (NFV) is a network architecture model designed to virtualize network services that have ...

  • overlay network

    An overlay network is a virtual or logical network that is created on top of an existing physical network.

SearchSecurity
  • X.509 certificate

    An X.509 certificate is a digital certificate that uses the widely accepted international X.509 public key infrastructure (PKI) ...

  • directory traversal

    Directory traversal is a type of HTTP exploit in which a hacker uses the software on a web server to access data in a directory ...

  • malware

    Malware, or malicious software, is any program or file that is intentionally harmful to a computer, network or server.

SearchCIO
  • data latency

    Data latency is the time it takes for data packets to be stored or retrieved. In business intelligence (BI), data latency is how ...

  • chief data officer (CDO)

    A chief data officer (CDO) in many organizations is a C-level executive whose position has evolved into a range of strategic data...

  • information technology (IT) director

    An information technology (IT) director is the person in charge of technology within an organization. IT directors manage ...

SearchHRSoftware
SearchCustomerExperience
  • implementation

    Implementation is the execution or practice of a plan, a method or any design, idea, model, specification, standard or policy for...

  • first call resolution (FCR)

    First call resolution (FCR) is when customer service agents properly address a customer's needs the first time they call.

  • customer intelligence (CI)

    Customer intelligence (CI) is the process of collecting and analyzing detailed customer data from internal and external sources ...

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