Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

OFF - PSE

  • offset printing (offset lithography) - Offset printing, also called offset lithography, is a method of mass-production printing in which the images on metal plates are transferred (offset) to rubber blankets or rollers and then to the print media.
  • Ogg Vorbis - Vorbis is an open source patent-free audio compression format, developed as a replacement for proprietary digital audio encoding formats, such as MP3, VQF, and AAC.
  • OLED (light-emitting diode) - OLED (organic light-emitting diode) is a display technology, pioneered and patented by Kodak, based on the use of organic polymer material as the semiconductor material in light-emitting diodes (LEDs).
  • OLPC (One Laptop Per Child) - The One Laptop Per Child project (OLPC) is an initiative aimed at providing inexpensive laptop computers to children in the developing world as a means of bridging the digital divide.
  • omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) - An omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) is a mechanical or electronic machine that allows the user to travel in any direction.
  • on-board diagnostics (OBD) - On board-diagnostics (OBD) is the inclusion of circuitry within a device that can indicate proper function and calibration of the main unit or specific fault states.
  • on-screen display (OSD) - An on-screen display (OSD) is a control panel on a computer monitor or television screen that allows you to select viewing options and/or adjust components of the display, such as brightness, contrast, and horizontal and vertical positioning.
  • online data backup (remote data backup) - Online data backup (remote data backup) is a method of off-site storage in which data is regularly backed up over a network on a remote server, typically hosted by a provider.
  • OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) - OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is the computer industry's standard application program interface (API) for defining 2-D and 3-D graphic images.
  • operating system (OS) - An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer.
  • Operation Phish Phry - Operation Phish Phry is a cybercrime investigation carried out by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Los Angeles Electronic Crimes Task Force and Egyptian authorities.
  • Opt-In Email - Opt-in email is a Web marketing term for email that recipients have previously requested by signing up at a Web site or special ad banner.
  • opt-out - Opt-out communications are messages sent for marketing, promotion or fundraising that include an option for the recipient to be removed from any future messages.
  • optical mouse - An optical mouse is an advanced computer pointing device that uses a light-emitting diode (LED), an optical sensor, and digital signal processing (DSP) in place of the traditional mouse ball and electromechanical transducer.
  • org - "org" is one of the generic top-level domain names that can be used when choosing a domain name.
  • orphan file - On a computer's hard drive, an orphan file is a support file (such as a DLL file) that no longer serves a purpose because the "parent" application it is associated with has been moved or uninstalled.
  • Osborne Effect - The Osborne Effect is a reduction in sales of current products after the announcement of a future product.
  • OST file (.ost) - An OST file is an offline folder file in Microsoft Outlook.
  • Outlook Anywhere - Microsoft Outlook Anywhere is a software feature that allows end users with Microsoft Office Outlook 2010, Outlook 2007 or Outlook 2003 to access corporate email and calendars over the Internet from outside the corporate domain without having to log into a virtual private network (VPN).
  • owned - Owned, in common slang, means decisively defeated, with the implication of domination and possession.
  • P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) - P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) is a type of platform that allows participants to borrow and lend sums of money without having to rely on a conventional financial institution to control transactions.
  • P2P model (peer-to-peer model) - The peer-to-peer model (P2P model) is a non-hierarchical system of exchange, transfer or transmission.
  • page description language (PDL) - A page description language (PDL) specifies the arrangement of a printed page through commands from a computer that the printer carries out.
  • PageRank - PageRank (PR) is Google’s main method of ranking web pages for placement on a search engine results page (SERP).
  • palette - Lynda Weinman's 216-color palette for Mac and Windows browsers For actual RGB values to specify, see our table containing the 216-Color Browser-Safe Palette.
  • parallax - Parallax is the way an object�s position or direction changes, depending on viewing angle.
  • Parallels Desktop for Mac - Parallels Desktop for Mac is desktop virtualization software that allows Microsoft Windows, Linux and Google Chrome OSes and applications to run on an Apple Mac computer.
  • passive cooling - Passive cooling is an approach to cooling computer components through slowing the speed at which the component, such as the processor, is operating.
  • password entropy - Password entropy is a measurement of how unpredictable a password is.
  • password strength meter - A password strength meter is an indicator, either in graphical or text form, of the strength of a password as entered by a user.
  • pastebin - A pastebin is a Web application that allows users to upload and share text online.
  • PC as a service (PCaaS) - PC as a service (PCaaS) is a device lifecycle management model in which an organization pays a monthly subscription fee to lease endpoint hardware and management services from a vendor.
  • PC Card - A PC Card (previously known as a PCMCIA card) is a credit card-size memory or I/O device that fits into a personal computer, usually a notebook or laptop computer.
  • PEBCAK (problem exists between chair and keyboard) - PEBCAK, one of many terms used in Internet chatting, stands for "problem exists between chair and keyboard," meaning it's a problem in user understanding or behavior rather than something wrong with hardware or software.
  • peer-to-peer (P2P) - Peer-to-peer (P2P) is a decentralized communications model in which each party has the same capabilities and either party can initiate a communication session.
  • pegged cryptocurrency - A pegged cryptocurrency is an encryption-secured digital medium of exchange whose value is tied to that of some other medium of exchange, such as gold or the currency of a given nation.
  • Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe, PCI-E) - PCIe is a high-speed serial interconnection standard for connecting peripheral devices to a computer's motherboard.
  • peripheral drift illusion - The peripheral drift illusion is a perception of movement in a static image; the illusion is caused by the brain’s interpretation of patterns seen outside of the eye’s area of focus.
  • Perl - Perl is a family of script programming languages that is similar in syntax to the C language.
  • persistent identification element (PIE) - Persistent identification element (PIE) is used to tag individual user’s browsers with a unique identifier that – unlike ordinary HTTP cookies -- cannot be easily deleted.
  • personal area network (PAN) - A personal area network (PAN) is the interconnection of information technology devices within the range of an individual person, typically within a range of 10 meters.
  • personal computer (PC) - In its more general usage, a personal computer (PC) is a microcomputer designed for use by one person at a time.
  • personal digital assistant (PDA) - Personal digital assistant is a term for a small, mobile, handheld device that provides computing and information storage and retrieval capabilities for personal or business use, often for keeping schedules, calendars and address book information handy.
  • personal operating space (POS) - A personal operating space (POS) is a roughly spherical region that surrounds a portable or handheld digital wireless device operated by a person.
  • personal video recorder (PVR) - A personal video recorder (PVR) is an interactive TV recording device, in essence a sophisticated set-top box with recording capability (although it is not necessarily kept on top of the television set).
  • personalized search - Google introduced personalized search in 2004, promoting it as a way to “understand exactly what you mean and give you back exactly what you want.
  • pervasive gaming - Pervasive gaming is a type of gaming where playing is not contained within one particular platform or device.
  • phablet - A phablet is a computing device with a screen size between five and seven inches long.
  • phase-change memory (PCM) - Phase-change memory (PCM) is a form of computer RAM (random-access memory) that stores data by altering the state of the matter from which the device is fabricated.
  • phishing kit - A phishing kit is a collection of tools assembled to make it easier for people with little technical skill to launch a phishing exploit.
  • photocopier - A photocopier is an electronic machine that makes copies of images and documents.
  • Photoshop - Photoshop is an image creation, graphic design and photo editing software developed by Adobe.
  • phubbing - Phubbing, a contraction of the words “phone snubbing,” is the act of ignoring a companion in favor of using a smartphone.
  • physical computer - A physical computer is a hardware-based device, such as a personal computer.
  • pico projector - A pico projector is a small hardware device designed to project content from a smartphone, camera, notebook or memory device, typically for content viewing or presentations.
  • pictograph - In graph theory, a pictograph is a graph that shows numerical information by using picture symbols or icons to represent data sets.
  • Picture in Picture (PIP) - Picture in Picture (PIP) is a video effect which places several complete images on the screen at the same time.
  • ping - A ping (Packet Internet or Inter-Network Groper) is a basic internet program that enables a user to test and verify if a particular destination Internet Protocol (IP) address exists and can accept requests in computer network administration.
  • Pinterest - Pinterest is a social curation website for sharing and categorizing images found online.
  • pixel - The pixel (a word invented from "picture element") is the basic unit of programmable color on a computer display or in a computer image.
  • placeshifting - Placeshifting (or place shifting) is a technology that allows anyone with a broadband Internet connection to have video streams from their home television set or personal video recorder (PVR) forwarded for viewing at any location where they have a computer display and a high-speed Internet connection.
  • plasma display - A plasma display is a computer video display in which each pixel on the screen is illuminated by a tiny bit of plasma or charged gas, somewhat like a tiny neon light.
  • Playstation - Playstation is a video game console developed by Sony.
  • plotter - A plotter is a printer that interprets commands from a computer to make line drawings on paper with one or more automated pens.
  • PNG (Portable Network Graphics) - PNG (Portable Network Graphics) is a file format used for lossless image compression.
  • pocket PC (pocket personal computer) - A pocket PC (pocket personal computer) is a hardware specification for a small, handheld computer, personal digital assistant (PDA) or smartphone.
  • polymer LED (light-emitting polymer or polyLED) - Polymer LED (light-emitting diode) - sometimes called light-emitting polymer or polyLED - is a technology based on the use of polymer as the semiconductor material in LEDs.
  • pop-up - A pop-up is a graphical user interface (GUI) display area, usually a small window, that suddenly appears ("pops up") in the foreground of the visual interface.
  • pop-up download (or download pop-up) - A pop-up download (sometimes called a download pop-up) is a pop-up window that asks the user to download a program to their computer's hard drive.
  • POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3) - POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3) is the most recent version of a standard protocol for receiving e-mail.
  • port 80 - On a Web server or Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon, port 80 is the port that the server "listens to" or expects to receive from a Web client, assuming that the default was taken when the server was configured or set up.
  • port number - Port number is a way to identify a specific process to which an internet or other network message is to be forwarded when it arrives at a server.
  • port replicator - A port replicator is an attachment for a notebook computer that allows a number of devices such as a printer, large monitor, and keyboard to be simultaneously connected.
  • Portable Document Format (PDF) - PDF is also an abbreviation for the Netware Printer Definition File.
  • portrait - In computer printing, portrait is a mode in which the printer orients content for reading across the shorter length (the width) of the sheet of paper.
  • Postscript - Postscript is a programming language that describes the appearance of a printed page.
  • power take-off (PTO) - Power take-off (PTO) is a device that transfers an engine’s mechanical power to another piece of equipment.
  • power user - A power user, also called a super user, is someone whose computer skills are better than those of an organization's average end user.
  • power-up (or power-on) - Power-up (or the synonym "power-on") is a verb meaning to apply electrical power to a device - that is, to "turn it on" as most of us would say about turning on a light switch when entering a dark room.
  • PPD file (Postscript Printer Description file) - A PPD (Postscript Printer Description) file is a file that describes the font s, paper sizes, resolution, and other capabilities that are standard for a particular Postscript printer.
  • PPM (pages per minute) - In printing, PPM is an abbreviation that stands for "pages per minute.
  • pre-roll ad - A pre-roll ad is a promotional video message that plays before the content the user has selected.
  • predictive text - Predictive text is an input technology that facilitates typing on a mobile device by suggesting words the end user may wish to insert in a text field.
  • presence technology - Presence technology is a type of application that makes it possible to locate and identify a computing device wherever it might be, as soon as the user connects to the network.
  • principle of least privilege (POLP) - The principle of least privilege (POLP) is a concept in computer security that limits users' access rights to only what are strictly required to do their jobs.
  • print bed - A print bed is the surface on a 3D printer where a print head lays down the materials that make up a 3D print.
  • print server - A print server is a software application, network device or computer that manages print requests and makes printer queue status information available to end users and network administrators.
  • printer - A printer is a device that accepts text and graphic output from a computer and transfers the information to paper, usually to standard-size, 8.
  • Printer Control Language (PCL) - Printer Control Language (PCL) is a language (essentially, a set of command code s) that enables applications to control HP DeskJet, LaserJet, and other HP printers.
  • printer pool - Printer pooling is a standard feature of Windows NT, 2000, XP, Vista and Windows 7 that allows agroup of printers to share the same name and function as if they were one printer.
  • privacy policy - A privacy policy is a document that explains how an organization handles any customer, client or employee information gathered in its operations.
  • product placement - Product placement is the inclusion of a branded product in media, usually without explicit reference to the product.
  • productivity software - Productivity software is a category of application programs that help users produce things such as documents, databases, graphs, worksheets and presentations.
  • progressive scan - Progressive scan is a display and signal type in which the entire image is refreshed every cycle.
  • projector phone - A projector phone is a smartphone with an embedded pico projector.
  • Proteus effect - The Proteus effect is the tendency for people to be affected by their digital representations, such as avatars, dating profiles and social media personas.
  • proximity operator - A proximity operator is a character or word used to narrow search engine results by limiting them to those that have query keywords placed within a specific number of words in the content.
  • PS/2 connector - A PS/2 connector is a round connector with six pins that some makes of personal computer use for the keyboard or mouse connection.
SearchNetworking
  • virtual network functions (VNFs)

    Virtual network functions (VNFs) are virtualized tasks formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware.

  • network functions virtualization (NFV)

    Network functions virtualization (NFV) is a network architecture model designed to virtualize network services that have ...

  • overlay network

    An overlay network is a virtual or logical network that is created on top of an existing physical network.

SearchSecurity
  • X.509 certificate

    An X.509 certificate is a digital certificate that uses the widely accepted international X.509 public key infrastructure (PKI) ...

  • directory traversal

    Directory traversal is a type of HTTP exploit in which a hacker uses the software on a web server to access data in a directory ...

  • malware

    Malware, or malicious software, is any program or file that is intentionally harmful to a computer, network or server.

SearchCIO
  • data latency

    Data latency is the time it takes for data packets to be stored or retrieved. In business intelligence (BI), data latency is how ...

  • chief data officer (CDO)

    A chief data officer (CDO) in many organizations is a C-level executive whose position has evolved into a range of strategic data...

  • information technology (IT) director

    An information technology (IT) director is the person in charge of technology within an organization. IT directors manage ...

SearchHRSoftware
SearchCustomerExperience
  • implementation

    Implementation is the execution or practice of a plan, a method or any design, idea, model, specification, standard or policy for...

  • first call resolution (FCR)

    First call resolution (FCR) is when customer service agents properly address a customer's needs the first time they call.

  • customer intelligence (CI)

    Customer intelligence (CI) is the process of collecting and analyzing detailed customer data from internal and external sources ...

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