Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

MES - OCU

  • messaging - In general, messaging (also called electronic messaging) is the creation, storage, exchange, and management of text, images, voice, telex, fax, e-mail, paging, and Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) over a communications network.
  • messaging server - A messaging server is a middleware program that handles messages that are sent for use by other programs using a messaging application program interface (API).
  • micro USB - A micro USB is a miniaturized version of the Universal Serial Bus interface developed for connecting compact and mobile devices, such as smartphones, MP3 players, Global Positioning System devices, printers and digital cameras.
  • micro-HDMI - Micro-HDMI (HDMI type D) is a miniaturized version of the High Definition Multimedia Interface specification.
  • microblogging - Microblogging is a web service that allows the subscriber to broadcast short messages to other subscribers of the service.
  • microcomputer - A microcomputer is a complete computer on a smaller scale and is generally a synonym for the more common term, personal computer or PC, a computer designed for an individual.
  • microlearning (microtraining) - Microlearning is an educational strategy that breaks complex topics down into short-form, stand-alone units of study that can be viewed as many times as necessary, whenever and wherever the learner has the need.
  • microLED - MicroLED is a technology used in displays consisting of microscopic light emitting diodes of different colors arranged into an array.
  • Microsoft Antigen - Microsoft Antigen is a set of programs that provides security and e-mail filtering for network servers.
  • Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit - Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit is a free utility IT can use to determine whether or not its infrastructure is prepared for a migration to a new operating system, server version or cloud-based deployment.
  • Microsoft Connectivity Analyzer (MCA) - The Microsoft Connectivity Analyzer (MCA) is a diagnostics tool for troubleshooting and testing connectivity to several Microsoft messaging products from a client machine on an organization's network.
  • Microsoft Edge - Microsoft Edge is the browser for Windows 10; Edge replaces Internet Explorer, the browser that debuted with Windows 95 and was a part of Windows operating systems for the following two decades.
  • Microsoft Exchange 2013 Poison Message Queue - Microsoft Exchange 2013 Poison Message Queue is a queue that exists specifically to hold messages deemed harmful to the deployment after a transport server or service failure.
  • Microsoft Exchange ActiveSync - Microsoft Exchange ActiveSync is a synchronization protocol that enables users of mobile devices to access email, calendar, contacts, and tasks from their organization's Microsoft Exchange server.
  • Microsoft Exchange Control Panel - The Exchange Control Panel (ECP) is a Web-based management interface introduced in Exchange Server 2010.
  • Microsoft Exchange Global Address List (GAL) - The Microsoft Exchange Global Address List is a list of all users and their respective email addresses within an Exchange Server organization that uses Microsoft Outlook for email.
  • Microsoft Exchange Information Store - Microsoft Exchange Information Store is a storage platform that is used to manage numerous types of information within an Exchange Server deployment.
  • Microsoft Exchange Mailbox Replication Service (MRS) - The Microsoft Exchange Mailbox Replication Service (MRS) is a feature that handles mailbox import, export, migration and restoration requests on Exchange Server.
  • Microsoft Exchange Management Shell (EMS) - Microsoft Exchange Management Shell (EMS) is a scripting platform that enables administrators to manage Exchange Server.
  • Microsoft Exchange Online Protection (EOP) - Microsoft Exchange Online Protection (EOP) is an email cloud service that provides end users with protection against spam and malware.
  • Microsoft Exchange RBAC (Role Based Access Control) - Microsoft Exchange RBAC is a permissions model used in Exchange Server 2010 and Exchange Server 2013.
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 - Exchange Server 2010 is the version of Microsoft’s messaging platform that replaced Exchange Server 2007.
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 - Exchange Server 2013 is an iteration of Microsoft’s Exchange server.
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2016 - Microsoft Exchange Server 2016 is the latest iteration of the Exchange Server messaging platform.
  • Microsoft Exchange Transport Dumpster - The Exchange Transport Dumpster is a feature that exists in Exchange 2007 and 2010 to prevent data loss.
  • Microsoft FIM (Microsoft Forefront Identity Manager) - Microsoft Forefront Identity Manager (FIM) is a self-service identity management software suite.
  • Microsoft Hybrid Configuration Wizard - The Microsoft Hybrid Configuration wizard is a tool in Exchange Server 2013 that provides a method for admins to create and configure hybrid deployments.
  • Microsoft OneDrive - OneDrive (formerly SkyDrive) is an online cloud storage service from Microsoft.
  • Microsoft Outlook - Microsoft Outlook is the preferred email client used to send and receive emails by accessing Microsoft Exchange Server email.
  • Microsoft Outlook MailTips - Microsoft Outlook MailTips is an opt-in tool for Exchange Server 2013 that will send alerts to end users when they are about about to click "reply all" to a large distribution list, send sensitive information to someone outside the organization or send a message to someone who is out of the office.
  • Microsoft Outlook on the web (formerly Outlook Web App, OWA) - Outlook on the web is the browser-based email client for users to access email, calendars, tasks and contacts from Microsoft's on-premises Exchange Server and cloud-based Exchange Online.
  • Microsoft Teams - What is Microsoft Teams? Microsoft Teams is cloud-based team collaboration software that is part of the Microsoft 365 and Office 365 suite of applications.
  • Microsoft USMT (User State Migration Tool) - The Microsoft User State Migration Tool (USMT) is a command-line utility used to transfer user files and settings between computers.
  • Microsoft Windows Update - Microsoft Windows Update is a security service for Windows users that, once activated, automatically searches for and installs updates.
  • MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) - MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a protocol designed for recording and playing back music on digital synthesizers that is supported by many makes of personal computer sound cards.
  • MiFi - MiFi is a portable broadband device that allows multiple end users and mobile devices to share a 3G or 4G mobile broadband Internet connection and create an ad-hoc network.
  • Millennials (Generation Y) - Millennials, also known as Generation Y, is a demographic that includes individuals who reached adulthood around the turn of the 21st century.
  • MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) - MIME, or Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, is an extension of the original email protocol.
  • mindfulness training - Mindfulness training is the teaching or learning of practices designed to help participants increase their ability to live fully in the present moment.
  • Mini-ITX - Mini-ITX is a compact motherboard configuration designed to support relatively low-cost computers in small spaces such as in automobiles, set-top box es, and network devices.
  • Mini-ITX 2.0 - Mini-ITX 2.0 is a motherboard designed for use in small form factor personal computers (PCs).
  • mixed reality (hybrid reality, extended reality) - Mixed reality (MR) is a user environment in which physical reality and digital content are combined in a way that enables interaction with and among real-world and virtual objects.
  • mob mentality (herd/hive mentality) - Mob mentality -- also called herd or hive mentality -- is the inclination that some humans have to be part of a large group, often neglecting their individual feelings in the process, and adopting the behaviors and actions of the people around them.
  • mobile app - A mobile app is a software application designed for use on mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, rather than desktop or laptop computers.
  • mobile application development - Mobile application development is the set of processes and procedures involved in writing software for small, wireless computing devices.
  • mobile browser - A mobile browser is one that is optimized for the small display screen and limited resources of a handheld computing device such as a smart phone.
  • mobile computing - Mobile computing refers to the set of IT technologies, products, services and operational strategies and procedures that enable end users to access computation, information and related resources and capabilities while mobile.
  • mobile data - Mobile data is internet content delivered to mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets over a wireless cellular connection.
  • mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP) - A mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP) is a development environment that provides tools and middleware to develop, test, deploy and manage corporate software running on mobile devices.
  • mobile experience - Mobile experience, or mobile user experience (UX), is the practice of fostering a certain user perception before, during and after the interaction with a mobile product or offering.
  • mobile hotspot - A mobile hotspot is an ad hoc wireless access point that is created by a dedicated hardware device or a smartphone feature that shares the phone's cellular data.
  • mobile Internet device (MID) - The mobile Internet device (MID) is a mini-tablet communications unit aimed at the consumer market and designed to provide entertainment, information and location-based services.
  • mobile marketing - Mobile marketing is promotional activity designed for delivery to cell phones, smart phones and other handheld devices, usually as a component of a multi-channel campaign.
  • mobile printing - Mobile printing is the process of sending data to a printer wirelessly from a smartphone or tablet.
  • mobile search - Mobile search is the practice of querying a search engine from an Internet-connected handheld device, such as a smart phone.
  • mobile workstation - A mobile workstation is a notebook computer with high-end computing features not typical of the notebook.
  • modular PC - A modular PC is a computer that has individually-housed components, which are interconnected but separately removable for service or upgrading.
  • moire effect - Moire effect is a visual perception that occurs when viewing a set of lines or dots that is superimposed on another set of lines or dots, where the sets differ in relative size, angle, or spacing.
  • monotasking (single-tasking) - Monotasking, also known as single-tasking, is the practice of dedicating oneself to a given task and minimizing potential interruptions until the task is completed or a significant period of time has elapsed.
  • moonshot - In technology, a moonshot is an ambitious, exploratory and groundbreaking project undertaken without the assurance of near-term profitability or benefit and, perhaps, without a full investigation of potential risks and benefits.
  • Morphis - Morphis is a Java -based open source wireless transcoding platform from Kargo, Inc.
  • motherboard - A motherboard is the main printed circuit board (PCB) in a computer.
  • motion capture (mo-cap) - Motion capture (mo-cap) is the use of sensors on real bodies (objects and beings) to track motion and record the movements digitally, typically for transferring to virtual 3D imaging.
  • motion gaming (motion-controlled gaming) - A motion gaming system, sometimes called a motion-controlled gaming system, is one that allows players to interact with the system through body movements.
  • Mozilla - Mozilla was Netscape Communication's nickname for Navigator, its first Web browser, and the name of an open source public collaboration created to develop Navigator.
  • MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3) - MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3) is a standard technology and format for a sound sequence into a very small file (about one-twelfth the size of the original file) while preserving the original level of sound quality when it is played.
  • MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System) - MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System) was the Microsoft-marketed version of the first widely-installed operating system in personal computers.
  • Muda, Mura and Muri - Muda, mura and muri are three types of wasteful actions that negatively impact workflow, productivity and ultimately, customer satisfaction.
  • multi-channel network (MCN) - A multi-channel network (MCN) is a company or entity that works with multiple channels and content creators, consulting or assisting towards success on streaming video platforms such as YouTube.
  • multicast - Multicast is communication between a single sender and multiple receivers on a network.
  • multicore processor - A multicore processor is an integrated circuit that has two or more processors attached for enhanced performance and reduced power consumption.
  • multifunction peripheral (MFP) - A multifunction peripheral (MFP) is a device that performs a variety of functions that would otherwise be carried out by separate peripheral devices.
  • multihomed - Multihomed describes a computer host that has multiple IP addresses to connected networks.
  • multimedia - Multimedia is more than one concurrent presentation medium (for example, on CD-ROM or a Web site).
  • Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) - Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) - sometimes called Multimedia Messaging System - is a communications technology developed by 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project) that allows users to exchange multimedia communications between capable mobile phones and other devices.
  • multitasking (in humans) - Multitasking, in a human context, is the practice of doing multiple things simultaneously, such as editing a document or responding to email while attending a teleconference.
  • National Electrical Code (NEC) - National Electrical Code (NEC) is a set of regularly updated standards for the safe installation of electric wiring in the United States.
  • natural user interface (NUI) - A natural user interface (NUI) is a system for human-computer interaction that the user operates through intuitive actions related to natural, everyday human behavior.
  • NBMA (non-broadcast multiple access) - Non-broadcast multiple access (NBMA) is one of four network types in the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) communications protocol.
  • NCR (no country redirect) - An explanation of the NCR (no country redirect) search parameter.
  • NDIS (Network Driver Interface Specification) - NDIS (Network Driver Interface Specification) is a Windows specification for how communication protocol programs (such as TCP/IP) and network device driver should communicate with each other.
  • nearline storage - Nearline storage is the on-site storage of data on removable media.
  • net neutrality - Net neutrality is the concept of an open, equal internet for everyone, regardless of content consumed or the device, application or platform used.
  • netbook - A netbook is a small, light, low-power notebook computer that has less processing power than a full-sized laptop but is still suitable for word processing, running a Web browser and connecting wirelessly to the Internet.
  • netiquette - Netiquette is etiquette on the Internet.
  • netizen - The word netizen seems to have two similar meanings.
  • Netscape - Netscape Communications was a computer services company best known for its Web browser, Navigator.
  • Network Address Translation (NAT) - A Network Address Translation (NAT) is the process of mapping an internet protocol (IP) address to another by changing the header of IP packets while in transit via a router.
  • network service provider (NSP) - A network service provider (NSP) is a company that owns, operates and sells access to internet backbone infrastructure and services.
  • newsgroup - A newsgroup is a discussion about a particular subject consisting of notes written to a central Internet site and redistributed through Usenet, a worldwide network of news discussion groups.
  • niche app - A niche app is a specialized application, typically designed with social networking built in and optimized for mobile devices.
  • nomophobia - Nomophobia is the irrational fear of being without your mobile phone or being unable to use your phone for some reason, such as the absence of a signal, a low battery or running out of minutes.
  • non-interlaced display - A non-interlaced display is a cathode-ray tube (CRT) display in which the lines are scanned sequentially from the top to the bottom of the screen.
  • nonfungible token (NFT) - A nonfungible token (NFT) is a type of cryptographic asset that is unique and used to create and authenticate ownership of digital assets.
  • Northbridge - Northbridge is an Intel chipset that communicates with the computer processor and controls interaction with memory, the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) bus, Level 2 cache, and all Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) activities.
  • notebook computer - A notebook computer is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries, temporary offices, and at meetings.
  • Nvidia - Nvidia Corporation is a technology company known for designing and manufacturing graphics processing units (GPUs).
  • nym - A nym (pronounced NIHM and a shortened form of "pseudonym,") is a name invented by or provided for an Internet user in order to conceal the user's real identity and, in some cases, to expressly create a new and separate Internet identity.
  • OAB (offline address book) - An Offline Address Book is a downloaded copy of a Microsoft Outlook user's address list which allows the user access to email addresses when disconnected from Exchange Server.
  • Oculus Rift - Oculus Rift is a VR headset that is designed to connect to a high-powered PC to enable advanced computations and graphics rendering.
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