Browse Definitions :

Top IT certifications and degrees to help you advance your career

As the IT field continues to grow, find out more on how the top degrees and certifications can help in guide or further your career.

As in most professions, nothing beats experience in the information technology (IT) industry -- except experience and the educational credentials to back it up. Those IT credentials come in two forms: certifications and degrees. How are they different and which is best for you? Read on.

A combination of a bachelor's or master's degree in computer science and several certifications is the best solution in most cases. The combination leads to a better starting salary and allows for greater career advancement and growth. A certificate program can provide specific technical knowledge about a particular program that many employers deem essential. In fact, most employers require applicants to have multiple certificates.

Isn't sheer experience in a specific area good enough? Of course, but proving your bona fides in an application form can be tricky. A stamp of approval from a recognized university or trade group makes you a more attractive candidate.

What is the difference between a degree and certification?

Degrees take longer to complete and cost more money to attain than certificates but provide a more well-rounded education and broader perspective on IT and science industries.

As an example, the course catalog at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, provides a clear example. It offers two undergraduate degrees and one certificate in computer science.

To earn a Bachelor of Arts degree (BA) in computer science, candidates must complete 48 to 49 credits from 15 courses. These include eight required computer science courses (e.g., Introduction to Java, Applied Discrete Mathematics, and The Structure of Higher-Level Languages); three required mathematics courses (e.g., Probability and Statistics); one capstone course, one applied computer science elective, one theoretical elective, and one additional elective from either the applied or theoretical list.

To earn a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree in computer science, you must complete a minimum of 73 credits from 23 courses. These include 12 required computer science courses (including Social Issues and Ethics in Computing and Introduction to Software Engineering), four mathematics courses, four physics courses, one science elective, and two computer science electives (e.g., biology and chemistry).

To earn a certificate in computer science at University of Massachusetts, you must complete at least 24 credits from seven courses including five required math and computer science courses, one computer science elective, and one application elective.

Information technology (IT) vs. computer science

The two areas overlap but remain distinct. Take Northeastern University, Seattle, for example. It distinguishes computer science as focusing on the skills needed to build complex systems from the ground up, while IT works to configure those systems to solve business problems. Of course, IT specialists are found well beyond the realm of business, but the point is that IT doesn't exist without computer science. Whereas a computer scientist writes codes for programs, an IT specialist adapts those programs to the needs of the users.

Because of the business bent to IT degrees, some schools package some of the softer sciences, such as applied ethics, with more nuts and bolts courses, such as database development. Concordia University, St. Paul, Minn., for example, requires completion of classes in Business-Driven Information Systems and Security as well as Applied Accounting and Finance. Computer Science classes at Concordia St. Paul include Object Oriented Programming in Java, Server-Side Development, and Computer Architecture and Operating Systems.

Top IT certifications

Some of IT's most valuable certifications for career development today include:

  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP): Designed for experienced security practitioners, managers and executives interested in proving their knowledge
  • CCIE Data Center: One of the expert level certifications under the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) umbrella. To earn CCIE Data Center certification, you pass two exams: a qualifying exam that covers core data center technologies, and a hands-on lab exam that covers data center networks. This second portion was interrupted by the pandemic, however.
  • Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA): CCNAs can specialize in one of the following areas: cloud, collaboration, cyber operations, data center, industrial/IoT, routing and switching, security, service provider and wireless. 
  • Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP): CCNP is a more advanced IT certificate in one the CCNA specialty areas.
  • Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA): CISA is the key certification of ISACA. It requires five years of professional experience in the field.
  • CompTIA A+: A+ is the starting point for a career in IT. The performance-based exams certify foundational IT skills across a variety of devices and operating systems.
  • Microsoft Technology Associate (MTA): MTA certifications address a wide spectrum of fundamental technical concepts, assess and validate core technical knowledge, and enhance technical credibility. 
  • Project Management Professional (PMP): Offered by the Project Management Institute (PMI), the PMP credential is among the most prestigious in the profession. Several subspecialty certifications are also available
  • Oracle Certified Professional: Certification in a range of database professions, from database administration and database application development to analytics, data warehousing and big data
  • Certified ScrumMaster (CSM): Offered by the Scrum Alliance, CSM is an entry-level credential designed to give professionals getting started as Scrumpractitioners an understanding of the project management methodology. 
  • AWS Certified Solutions Architect: The AWS Certified Solutions Architect -- Professional exam is intended for individuals who perform a solutions architect role with two or more years of hands-on experience managing and operating systems on AWS.
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH): EC-Council offers several certification programs, and one of the most popular is the CEH. This IT certificate is often a prerequisite for positions such as cyberforensics analyst, cybersecurity engineer and applications developer.
Vendor certification list
A list of security certifications offered by a variety of popular vendors.

Top IT and computer science degrees

Most schools offer great menus of options when it comes to pursuing IT and computer science degrees. After choosing their specific degree, students also have a wide variety of concentrations from which to choose as they create their educational roadmap.

Among the top degrees (both at the bachelor's and master's levels) are:

Among the top concentrations are:

  • Data science, including database management
  • Security, including cryptography and network security
  • Software engineering, including algorithm design and interface design
  • Artificial intelligence (AI), including machine learning
  • Software business, including finance and microeconomics
  • Cloud computing, including business and government studies
  • Scientific computing, with application to physics, graphics and advanced math
  • Video game design and development

Online degrees

In part because of COVID-19, some certifications are available only online. Even before the pandemic broke, however, there has been an explosion in online training from accredited degree-granting institutions.

Next Steps

CS degrees vs. cloud certifications: Compare the pros and cons

Top 5 certifications in IT infrastructure for beginners

Top enterprise risk management certifications to consider

How to evaluate cloud certification training

Dig Deeper on IT career paths

Networking
  • subnet (subnetwork)

    A subnet, or subnetwork, is a segmented piece of a larger network. More specifically, subnets are a logical partition of an IP ...

  • Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)

    Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is a standard protocol on the internet that ensures the reliable transmission of data between...

  • secure access service edge (SASE)

    Secure access service edge (SASE), pronounced sassy, is a cloud architecture model that bundles together network and cloud-native...

Security
  • intrusion detection system (IDS)

    An intrusion detection system monitors (IDS) network traffic for suspicious activity and sends alerts when such activity is ...

  • cyber attack

    A cyber attack is any malicious attempt to gain unauthorized access to a computer, computing system or computer network with the ...

  • digital signature

    A digital signature is a mathematical technique used to validate the authenticity and integrity of a digital document, message or...

CIO
  • product development (new product development)

    Product development -- also called new product management -- is a series of steps that includes the conceptualization, design, ...

  • innovation culture

    Innovation culture is the work environment that leaders cultivate to nurture unorthodox thinking and its application.

  • technology addiction

    Technology addiction is an impulse control disorder that involves the obsessive use of mobile devices, the internet or video ...

HRSoftware
  • organizational network analysis (ONA)

    Organizational network analysis (ONA) is a quantitative method for modeling and analyzing how communications, information, ...

  • HireVue

    HireVue is an enterprise video interviewing technology provider of a platform that lets recruiters and hiring managers screen ...

  • Human Resource Certification Institute (HRCI)

    Human Resource Certification Institute (HRCI) is a U.S.-based credentialing organization offering certifications to HR ...

Customer Experience
  • What is an outbound call?

    An outbound call is one initiated by a contact center agent to prospective customers and focuses on sales, lead generation, ...

  • What is lead-to-revenue management (L2RM)?

    Lead-to-revenue management (L2RM) is a set of sales and marketing methods focusing on generating revenue throughout the customer ...

  • What is relationship marketing?

    Relationship marketing is a facet of customer relationship management (CRM) that focuses on customer loyalty and long-term ...

Close