Browse Definitions :
Definition

scripting language

A scripting language is a programming language that employs a high-level construct to interpret and execute one command at a time. In general, scripting languages are easier to learn and faster to code in than more structured and compiled languages such as C and C++.

Compiled languages are converted permanently into executable files before they are run. In contrast, scripting languages are typically converted into machine code on the fly during runtime by a program called an interpreter. Although this approach can cause performance problems because the instructions are not handled solely by the processor, it does make it easier for scripts to work with programs written in other languages.

 

Over time, as just-in-time compilation has improved performance and intepreted programming languages like Perl, Python and Ruby have evolved, the lines have begun to blur about what should, and what should not, be classified as a scripting language. Today, it is generally agreed that the classification should not be determined by the language itself, but rather by how the language is being used.

 

When a scripting language is used to connect disparate system components, it may also be referred to as a glue language.  In addition to being interpreted, such scripting languages are also typeless, allowing a variable to hold any type of data without having to explicitly declare its type. Usually, glue languages also provide native support for specific aggregate data types such as arrays and automate garbage collection to reclaim abandoned storage and prevent memory leaks.

 

Scripting languages like JavaScript are often used to facilitate enhanced features of websites. These features are processed on the server, but the script on a specific page runs on the user's browser. Many Web sites require that the user's browser be set to run scripts to take advantage of all the features of the site. In some cases, a Web site may be practically useless unless the user's computer is set to run programs locally in a scripting language.

Scripting languages defined elsewhere on WhatIs.com include:

AppleScript - AppleScript programs (applets) perform like bots: once they are written, they can autonomously process and manage multimedia data, including digital video, text and Web-based material.

bash - the free version of the Bourne shell distributed with Linux and GNU operating systems.

Bourne shell - the original UNIX shell. Also known by its program name, sh.

C shell - invented for programmers who prefer a syntax similar to that of the C programming language.

JavaScript - script language developed by Netscape. It is somewhat similar in capability to Microsoft's Visual Basic, Sun's Tcl, the UNIX-derived Perl, and IBM's REXX.

Korn shell - incorporatins all the features of C shell (csh) and Tab C-shell  (tcsh) with the script language features similar to that of the Bourne shell

LotusScript - can be coded within the Lotus Domino Designer development environment.

Perl - a script programming language that is similar in syntax to the C language; can optionally be compiled just before execution into either C code or cross-platform bytecode.

PHP - a script language and interpreter that is freely available and used primarily on Linux Web servers.

PowerShell - designed to automate system tasks, such as batch processing, and create systems management tools for commonly implemented processes; includes more than 130 standard command line tools for functions that formerly required users to create scripts in VB, VBScript or C#.

Python - often used to provide scripting capability to existing applications; is simple enough for user-level scripting with a minimum of training.

Ruby - according to proponents, Ruby's simple syntax (partially inspired by Ada and Eiffel), makes it readable by anyone who is familiar with any modern programming language.

This was last updated in May 2016

Continue Reading About scripting language

SearchNetworking
  • cloud-native network function (CNF)

    A cloud-native network function (CNF) is a service that performs network duties in software, as opposed to purpose-built hardware.

  • microsegmentation

    Microsegmentation is a security technique that splits a network into definable zones and uses policies to dictate how data and ...

  • Wi-Fi 6E

    Wi-Fi 6E is one variant of the 802.11ax standard.

SearchSecurity
  • MICR (magnetic ink character recognition)

    MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) is a technology invented in the 1950s that's used to verify the legitimacy or ...

  • What is cybersecurity?

    Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems such as hardware, software and data from cyberthreats.

  • Android System WebView

    Android System WebView is a system component for the Android operating system (OS) that allows Android apps to display web ...

SearchCIO
  • privacy compliance

    Privacy compliance is a company's accordance with established personal information protection guidelines, specifications or ...

  • contingent workforce

    A contingent workforce is a labor pool whose members are hired by an organization on an on-demand basis.

  • product development (new product development -- NPD)

    Product development, also called new product management, is a series of steps that includes the conceptualization, design, ...

SearchHRSoftware
  • talent acquisition

    Talent acquisition is the strategic process employers use to analyze their long-term talent needs in the context of business ...

  • employee retention

    Employee retention is the organizational goal of keeping productive and talented workers and reducing turnover by fostering a ...

  • hybrid work model

    A hybrid work model is a workforce structure that includes employees who work remotely and those who work on site, in a company's...

SearchCustomerExperience
  • Salesforce Trailhead

    Salesforce Trailhead is a series of online tutorials that coach beginner and intermediate developers who need to learn how to ...

  • Salesforce

    Salesforce, Inc. is a cloud computing and social enterprise software-as-a-service (SaaS) provider based in San Francisco.

  • data clean room

    A data clean room is a technology service that helps content platforms keep first person user data private when interacting with ...

Close