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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

ITI - PCI

  • ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) - ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) is a framework designed to standardize the selection, planning, delivery, maintenance and overall lifecycle of IT services within a business.
  • JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) - JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) is a group of experts that is producing standards for bi-level image coding.
  • Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI cloud) - Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) is the proposed Department of Defense (DoD) cloud infrastructure network.
  • Julian calendar - The Julian calendar was the 365-day calendar that Julius Caesar made official in 46 B.
  • Julian date - Not to be confused with the Julian calendar, a Julian date or day number is the number of elapsed days since the beginning of a cycle of 7,980 years invented by Joseph Scaliger in 1583.
  • keiretsu - In corporate culture, keiretsu refers to a uniquely Japanese form of corporate organization.
  • kilogram (kg) - The kilogram (abbreviation, kg) is the Standard International (SI) System of Units unit of mass.
  • kilogram-meter per second - The kilogram-meter per second is the standard unit of momentum.
  • kilowatt-hour (kWh) - The kilowatt-hour (symbolized kWh) is a unit of energy equivalent to one kilowatt (1 kW) of power expended for one hour (1 h) of time.
  • L3 Harris Technologies - L3 Harris Technologies is a military technology company.
  • Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) - Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) is an extension of the Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) used by an internet service provider (ISP) to enable the operation of a virtual private network (VPN) over the internet.
  • LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) - LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a software protocol for enabling anyone to locate data such as organizations, individuals and other resources such as files and devices in a network -- whether on the public internet or on a corporate intranet.
  • LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) - LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is an ecology-oriented building certification program run under the auspices of the U.
  • linearity - Linearity is the behavior of a circuit, particularly an amplifier, in which the output signal strength varies in direct proportion to the input signal strength.
  • Link Control Protocol (LCP) - In computer networking, Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) provides a standard way to transport multiprotocol data over point-to-point links; within PPP, Link Control Protocol (LCP) establishes, configures and tests data link internet connections.
  • liquid - A liquid is a sample of matter that conforms to the shape of a container in which it is held, and which acquires a defined surface in the presence of gravity.
  • local access and transport area (LATA) - LATA (local access and transport area) is a term in the U.
  • logical negation symbol - The logical negation symbol is used in Boolean algebra to indicate that the truth value of the statement that follows is reversed.
  • logical OR symbol - For a practical application, see logic gate.
  • longitudinal time code (LTC) - Longitidinal time code (LTC) is a timing signal that is part of an audio tape recording.
  • LTO (Linear Tape-Open) tape - LTO (Linear Tape-Open) tape is an open-format tape storage technology created by Hewlett-Packard (HP), International Business Machines (IBM) and Seagate Technology.
  • lumen - The lumen (symbolized lm) is the International Unit of luminous flux.
  • lux (lx) - The lux (symbolized lx) is the unit of illuminance in the International System of Units (SI).
  • magnetic field strength - Magnetic field strength is one of two ways that the intensity of a magnetic field can be expressed.
  • Maintenance Management Information System (MMIS) - Maintenance Management Information System (MMIS) is a mechanized claims processing and information retrieval system for Medicaid that's required by the federal government.
  • managed file transfer (MFT) - Managed file transfer (MFT) is a type of software used to provide secure internal, external and ad-hoc data transfers through a network.
  • market distortion - Market distortion is the lack of free and open competition in a market, whether through intentional actions or prevailing market conditions.
  • mass (m) - Mass (symbolized m) is a dimensionless quantity representing the amount of matter in a particle or object.
  • Massachusetts data protection law - What is the Massachusetts data protection law?The Massachusetts data protection law is legislation that stipulates security requirements for organizations that handle the private data of residents.
  • material density - Material density, more often referred to simply as density, is a quantitative expression of the amount of mass contained per unit volume.
  • Mathematical symbols - This table contains mathematical symbols and links to definitions of what they represent and how they are used.
  • matter - Matter is a substance made up of various types of particles that occupies physical space and has inertia.
  • media gateway - A media gateway is any device, such as a circuit switch, IP gateway, or channel bank that converts data from the format required for one type of network to the format required for another.
  • Media Rating Council (MRC) - The Media Rating Council (MRC) is an industry-funded organization whose purpose is to review and accredit audience rating services within the media industry and secure a measurement service that is valid, reliable and effective.
  • media type (content type) - On the Internet and as defined by Request for Comments (Request for Comments) 1521, a media type (also referred to as a content type) is a general category of data content, such as: application (executable program), audio content, an image, a text message, a video stream, and so forth.
  • megabyte (MB) - As a measure of computer processor storage and real and virtual memory, a megabyte (abbreviated MB) is 2 to the 20th power bytes, or 1,048,576 bytes in decimal notation.
  • megabytes per second (MBps) - Megabytes per second (MBps) is a unit of measurement for data transfer speed to and from a computer storage device.
  • meter - The meter (abbreviation, m; the British spelling is metre) is the International System of Units (SI) unit of displacement or length.
  • meter cubed per kilogram - The meter cubed per kilogram (symbolized m 3 /kg) is the standard unit of specific volume in the International System (SI).
  • meter per second (m/s or m/sec) - The meter per second (symbolized m/s or m/sec) is the Standard International (SI) unit of linear speed.
  • meter per second squared - The meter per second squared (symbolized m/s 2 or m/sec 2) is the Standard International (SI) unit of acceleration vector magnitude.
  • microfarad - The microfarad (symbolized µF) is a unit of capacitance, equivalent to 0.
  • micron - The micron, officially obsolete as a term of measurement, is sometimes used by microchip and wiring manufacturers in place of micrometer, one-millionth of a meter.
  • Microsoft - Microsoft is the largest vendor of computer software in the world.
  • Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) - A Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) is an individual recognized by Microsoft for exceptional technical expertise and a talent for sharing knowledge within their technical community.
  • millisecond - (This definition follows U.
  • MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) - MIME, or Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, is an extension of the original email protocol.
  • MIS (management information systems) - MIS, or management information systems, is the software and hardware to support critical business applications.
  • MIT License (X11 license or MIT X license) - The MIT License (also known as the X11 license or MITX license) is a software license that was originally developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  • Mobile IP - Mobile IP is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard communications protocol that is designed to allow mobile device users to move from one network to another while maintaining their permanent IP address.
  • Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6 or Mobile Internet Protocol version 6) - Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) is a protocol developed as a subset of Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) to support mobile connections.
  • Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) - Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) is a software design pattern that is structured to separate program logic and user interface controls.
  • modem error-correcting protocols - The protocols that modems agree on and use for checking and correcting transmission errors have evolved toward accuracy, speed, and efficiency since 1978 when the Xmodem protocol became a de facto standard.
  • molecule - A molecule is two or more atoms connected by chemical bonds, which form the smallest unit of a substance that retains the composition and properties of that substance.
  • Morse code - Morse code is a method of sending text messages by keying in a series of electronic pulses, usually represented as a short pulse (called a "dot") and a long pulse (a "dash").
  • MPEG standards (Moving Picture Experts Group) - The MPEG standards are an evolving set of standards for video and audio compression and for multimedia delivery developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).
  • MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport) - MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport) is a lightweight open messaging protocol that provides resource-constrained network clients with a simple way to distribute telemetry information in low-bandwidth environments.
  • mu - The lowercase Greek letter mu is used to represent the prefix multiplier 0.
  • multi-user spaceport - Multi-user spaceport is a term that NASA is employing as it transitions its facilities from government-only launch sites (or spaceports) as part of a new business model in which the agency attracts partner companies and organizations to invest in space centers to operate their programs.
  • Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) - Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) is a protocol-agnostic routing technique designed to speed up and shape traffic flows across enterprise wide area and service provider networks.
  • Murphy's Law - The original Murphy's Law was "If there are two or more ways to do something, and one of those ways can result in a catastrophe, then someone will do it.
  • NASSCOM (National Association of Software and Services Companies) - The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) is a not-for-profit Indian consortium created to promote the development of the country's IT (information technology) and business process outsourcing (BPO) industries.
  • National Data Warehouse of Official Statistics - The National Data Warehouse of Official Statistics is a central repository of the statistical data gathered by India’s central ministries, state governments and union territories.
  • National eGovernance Plan (NeGP) - National eGovernance Plan (NeGP) is an initiative by the government of India to combine various e-governance systems around the country to create a national network that provides government services to all citizens electronically.
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) - The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) is the largest association of electrical goods and equipment and electronic medical imaging equipment manufacturers in the United States.
  • national identity card - A national identity card is a portable document, typically a plasticized card with digitally-embedded information, that someone is required or encouraged to carry as a means of confirming their identity.
  • National Informatics Centre (NIC) - The National Informatics Centre (NIC) is an institute set up by the Indian government in 1976 to drive its technology and e-governance initiatives.
  • National Security Agency (NSA) - The National Security Agency (NSA) is a federal government intelligence agency that is part of the United States Department of Defense and is managed under the authority of the director of national intelligence (DNI).
  • National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) - The National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) is an Indian technical intelligence agency.
  • National Television Standards Committee (NTSC) - The NTSC (National Television Standards Committee) was responsible for developing, in 1953, a set of standard protocol for television (TV) broadcast transmission and reception in the United States.
  • Nebula - Nebula is an open source cloud computing program that provides on-demand computing power for NASA researchers and scientists.
  • NetFlow - NetFlow is a network protocol developed by Cisco for the collection and monitoring of network traffic flow data that is generated by most Cisco routers and switches.
  • Network Data Management Protocol (NDMP) - Network Data Management Protocol (NDMP) is an open protocol to control data backup and recovery communications between primary and secondary storage in a heterogeneous network environment.
  • network protocol - A network protocol is a set of established rules that dictate how to format, transmit and receive data so that computer network devices -- from servers and routers to endpoints -- can communicate, regardless of the differences in their underlying infrastructures, designs or standards.
  • Network Time Protocol (NTP) - Network Time Protocol (NTP) is an internet protocol used to synchronize with computer clock time sources in a network.
  • neuromarketing - Neuromarketing is the study of how people's brains respond to advertising and other brand-related messages by scientifically monitoring brainwave activity, eye tracking and skin response.
  • newton - The newton is the Standard International (SI) unit of force.
  • newton-second - The newton-second is the standard unit of impulse.
  • Next Hop Resolution Protocol (NHRP) - Next Hop Resolution Protocol (NHRP) is an automated configuration technology that routes data on a distributed network by discovering the best routing path between endpoints.
  • NGO (non-governmental organization) - NGO definition: A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a citizen-based association that operates independently of government, usually to deliver resources or serve some social or political purpose.
  • NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) - NIST is the National Institute of Standards and Technology, a unit of the U.
  • nonprofit organization (NPO) - A nonprofit organization (NPO) is one that is not driven by profit but by dedication to a given cause that is the target of all income beyond what it takes to run the organization.
  • OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) - OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit, international consortium whose goal is to promote the adoption of product-independent standards for information formats such as Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).
  • OASIS Cloud Application Management for Platforms (CAMP) - OASIS Cloud Application Management for Platforms (CAMP) is a specification intended to foster interoperability between cloud environments and to simplify the management of cloud applications.
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) - Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a federal organization (part of the Department of Labor) that ensures safe and healthy working conditions for Americans by enforcing standards and providing workplace safety training.
  • Office for Civil Rights (OCR) - The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is an organization within the U.
  • Office of Management and Budget (OMB) - The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the business division of the Executive Office of the President of the United States that administers the United States federal budget and oversees the performance of federal agencies.
  • Office of Personnel Management (OPM) - The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is an independent agency of the United States government that is tasked with the oversight of civil service hirings.
  • OLTP (online transaction processing) - OLTP (online transaction processing) is a class of software programs capable of supporting transaction-oriented applications.
  • ONC (Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology) - The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, abbreviated ONC, is an entity within the U.
  • Open Data-Link Interface (ODI) - ODI (Open Data-Link Interface) is a software interface that allows different Data-Link Layer protocols to share the same driver or adapter in a computer.
  • Open Document Format (ODF) - The Open Document Format (ODF) is an XML-based open source file format for saving and exchanging text, spreadsheets, charts, and presentations.
  • Open Service Gateway Initiative (OSGi) - OSGi (Open Service Gateway Initiative) is an industry plan for a standard way to connect devices such as home appliances and security systems to the Internet.
  • OpenStack - OpenStack is a collection of open source software modules and tools that provide a framework to create and manage both public cloud and private cloud infrastructure.
  • OSGi (Open Service Gateway Initiative) - The OSGi (Open Service Gateway Initiative) specification is a Java framework for developing and deploying modular software programs and libraries.
  • OSI model (Open Systems Interconnection) - OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) is a reference model for how applications communicate over a network.
  • OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) - The OSPF router protocol is used to find the best path for packets as they pass through a set of connected networks.
  • OUCH protocol - OUCH is a digital communications protocol that allows customers of the NASDAQ (National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations) to conduct business in the options market.
  • pascal - The pascal (Pa) is the unit of pressure or stress in the International System of Units (SI).
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