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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

FOO - ITC

  • Foo Camp - Foo Camp was a gathering of about 200 computer and Internet thinkers and inventors who were invited by publisher O'Reilly and Associates to spend a week-end brainstorming, collaborating, and otherwise advancing progress in information technology.
  • foot cubed (cubic foot) - The foot cubed, also called the cubic foot, is the unit of volume in the English foot-pound-second (fps) system.
  • foot per second (ft/s or ft/sec) - The foot per second (symbolized ft/s or ft/sec) is the unit of linear speed in the foot-pound-second (fps) or English system.
  • foot squared (square foot) - The foot squared, also called the square foot, is the standard unit of area in the English foot-pound-second (fps) system.
  • foot-pound-second system of units (fps system of units) - The foot-pound-second (fps) system of units is a scheme for measuring dimensional and material quantities.
  • four eyes principle - The four eyes principle is a requirement that two individuals review and approve some action before it can be taken.
  • FpML (Financial Products Markup Language) - Financial Products Markup Language (FpML) is a business information exchange standard based on Extensible Markup Language (XML) that enables business-to-business over-the-counter (OTC) financial derivative transactions using the Internet.
  • framework - In general, a framework is a real or conceptual structure intended to serve as a support or guide for the building of something that expands the structure into something useful.
  • free software - Free software is software that can be freely used, modified, and redistributed with only one restriction: any redistributed version of the software must be distributed with the original terms of free use, modification, and distribution (known as copyleft).
  • Free Software Foundation (FSF) - The Free Software Foundation (FSF) was founded in 1983 along with its demonstration GNU project.
  • frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) - Frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) transmission is the repeated switching of the carrier frequency during radio transmission to reduce interference and avoid interception.
  • FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a network protocol for transmitting files between computers over TCP/IP connections.
  • full and open competition - With respect to a contract action, "full and open" competition means that all responsible sources are permitted to compete.
  • G-Cloud (Government Cloud) - Government Cloud, also referred to as G-Cloud, is a U.
  • G-code - G-code (also known as RS-274) is the name of the most prevalent programming language for computer numerical control (CNC) in computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM).
  • G.711 - G.711 is the default pulse code modulation (PCM) standard for Internet Protocol (IP) private branch exchange (PBX) vendors, as well as for the public switched telephone network (PSTN).
  • GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) - GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) is a collection of commonly followed accounting rules and standards for financial reporting.
  • GARP (Generic Attribute Registration Protocol) - GARP (Generic Attribute Registration Protocol) is a local area network (LAN) protocol that defines procedures by which end stations and switches can register and de-register attributes, such as network identifiers or addresses, with each other.
  • gas - A gas is a sample of matter that conforms to the shape of a container in which it is held and acquires a uniform density inside the container, even in the presence of gravity and regardless of the amount of substance in the container.
  • gas constant (universal molar gas constant) - The gas constant, also known as the universal molar gas constant, is a physical constant that appears in an equation defining the behavior of a gas under theoretically ideal conditions.
  • GFEBS (General Fund Enterprise Business System) - GFEBS (General Fund Enterprise Business System) is a Web-based enterprise resource planning (ERP) system for the United States Army.
  • GMPLS (Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching or Multiprotocol Lambda Switching) - GMPLS (Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching) is a networking technology that enables fast and reliable network switching of data flows on any type of network infrastructure.
  • going forward - Going forward is a relatively new and apparently convenient way to indicate a progression in time from the present.
  • Government Accountability Office (GAO) - The U.S.
  • Government Information Security Reform Act - The Government Information Security Reform Act (formerly known as the Thompson-Liebermann Act) is a federal law that required U.
  • government to government (G2G) - Government to government (G2G) is the electronic sharing of data and/or information systems between government agencies, departments or organizations.
  • government Trojan - A government Trojan is spyware installed on a computer or network by a law enforcement agency for the purpose of capturing information relevant to a criminal investigation.
  • governmentwide acquisition contract (GWAC) - A governmentwide acquisition contract (GWAC) is a contract between a commercial IT service or product vendor and the U.
  • gram (g or gm) - The gram (abbreviation, g or gm) is the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) unit of mass.
  • Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) - The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLB Act or GLBA), also known as the Financial Modernization Act of 1999, is a federal law enacted in the United States to control the ways financial institutions deal with the private information of individuals.
  • gravitational acceleration - Gravitational acceleration (symbolized g) is an expression used in physics to indicate the intensity of a gravitational field.
  • GSA IT Schedule 70 - IT Schedule 70 is a long-term contract issued by the United States government.
  • GVRP (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol or Generic VLAN Registration Protocol) - GVRP (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol or Generic VLAN Registration Protocol) is a standards-based protocol that facilitates control of virtual local area networks (VLANs) within a larger network.
  • H.245 - H.245 is a protocol for the transmission of call management and control signals in packet-based networks using H.
  • hard drive shredder - A hard drive shredder is a mechanical device that physically destroys old hard drives in such a way that the data they contain cannot be recovered.
  • Hartree energy - The Hartree energy is a physical constant equal to twice the binding energy of the electron in the ground state (the lowest-energy state) of the hydrogen atom.
  • HDLC (High-level Data Link Control) - HDLC (High-level Data Link Control) is a group of protocols or rules for transmitting data between network points (sometimes called nodes).
  • HDMI - HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface) is a specification that combines video and audio into a single digital interface for use with digital versatile disc (DVD) players, digital television (DTV) players, set-top boxes, and other audiovisual devices.
  • heat - Heat is the transfer of kinetic energy from one medium or object to another, or from an energy source to a medium or object.
  • HELLO packet - A HELLO packet is a special data packet (message) that is sent out periodically from a router to establish and confirm network adjacency relationships to other routers in the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) communications protocol.
  • henry per meter (H/m) - The henry per meter (symbolized H/m) is the unit of magnetic permeability in the International System of Units (SI).
  • Hewlett-Packard (HP) - HP (Hewlett-Packard) is a prominent IT company based in Palo Alto, California.
  • HIMSS (Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society) - The Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) is a nonprofit organization whose goal is to promote the best use of IT and management systems in the healthcare industry.
  • HIPPI (High-Performance Parallel Interface) - HIPPI (High-Performance Parallel Interface) is a standard point-to-point protocol for transmitting large amounts of data at up to billions of bits per second over relatively short distances, mainly on local area networks (LAN s).
  • HITECH (Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health) Act of 2009 - The HITECH (Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health) Act of 2009 is legislation that was created to stimulate the adoption of electronic health records (EHR) and the supporting technology in the United States.
  • HITSP - HITSP (Healthcare Information Technology Standards Panel) is an organization created to promote standardization and broad scale interoperability among healthcare applications and information systems.
  • horsepower (hp) - Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement in the foot-pound-second (fps or ft-lb/s) or English system, sometimes used to express the rate at which mechanical energy is expended.
  • HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) - HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is the set of rules for transferring files -- such as text, images, sound, video and other multimedia files -- over the web.
  • HTTP 1.1 - HTTP 1.1 is the latest version of Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), the World Wide Web application protocol that runs on top of the Internet's TCP/IP suite of protocols.
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon (HTTPD) - On the Web, each server has an HTTPD or Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon that waits in attendance for requests to come in from the rest of the Web.
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) - Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is a protocol that secures communication and data transfer between a user's web browser and a website.
  • i.LINK - i.LINK is the Sony Corporation implementation of a standard, IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • IAB (Internet Architecture Board) - The IAB (Internet Architecture Board) is the Internet Society overseer of the technical evolution of the Internet.
  • IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) - IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) is the organization that oversees the allocation of IP addresses to internet service providers (ISPs).
  • IBM - IBM (International Business Machines) ranks among the world's largest information technology companies, providing a wide spectrum of hardware, software and services offerings.
  • ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) - ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is the private, non-government, nonprofit corporation with responsibility for IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management and root server system management functions.
  • ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) - ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) is an error-reporting protocol that network devices such as routers use to generate error messages to the source IP address when network problems prevent delivery of IP packets.
  • ICT (information and communications technology, or technologies) - ICT, or information and communications technology (or technologies), is the infrastructure and components that enable modern computing.
  • IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) - The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) describes itself as "the world's largest technical professional society -- promoting the development and application of electrotechnology and allied sciences for the benefit of humanity, the advancement of the profession, and the well-being of our members.
  • IEEE 1394 - IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, is an electronics standard for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • IEEE 802 wireless standards - The IEEE 802 standard is a collection of networking standards that cover the physical and data-link layer specifications for technologies such as Ethernet and wireless.
  • IEEE 802.3 - 802.3, or IEEE 802.
  • IIOP (Internet Inter-ORB Protocol) - IIOP (Internet Inter-ORB Protocol) is a protocol that makes it possible for distributed programs written in different programming languages to communicate over the Internet.
  • ILEC (incumbent local exchange carrier) - An ILEC (incumbent local exchange carrier) is a telephone company in the U.
  • image of the early universe - An image of the early universe, showing irregularities in its brightness 380,000 years after its birth, has been produced by a device called the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP).
  • IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) - Internet Message Access Protocol, or IMAP, is a standard email retrieval (incoming) protocol.
  • incubator - In the business world, an incubator is an enterprise that is set up to provide office space, equipment, and sometimes mentoring assistance and capital to new businesses that are just getting started.
  • Indefeasible Right of Use (IRU) - In telecommunications, the Indefeasible Right of Use (IRU) is a contractual agreement (temporary ownership) of a portion of the capacity of an international cable.
  • Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) - The Indian Institute of Information Technology is a group of educational centers in India that focus on information technology and associated business requirements.
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) - The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) is a group of educational institutes in India set up by the government to produce high quality scientists, engineers and technologists.
  • InfiniBand - InfiniBand is an industry standard communications specification the InfiniBand Trade Association (IBTA) developed.
  • Information and Content Exchange (ICE) - Information and Content Exchange (ICE) is an XML-based standard protocol for electronic business-to-business (B2B) asset management.
  • Information Society - Information Society is a term for a society in which the creation, distribution, and manipulation of information has become the most significant economic and cultural activity.
  • intelligent transportation system (ITS) - Intelligent transportation system (ITS) is the application of sensing, analysis, control and communications technologies to ground transportation in order to improve safety, mobility and efficiency.
  • intermediary - In general, an intermediary is a person or service that is involved as a third party between two or more end points in a communication or transaction.
  • International Institute of Business Analysis (IIBA) - International Institute of Business Analysis (IIBA) is a non-profit association that promotes and aids in the use of business analysis.
  • international private leased circuit (IPLC) - An international private leased circuit (IPLC) is a point-to-point private line used by an organization to communicate between offices that are dispersed throughout the world.
  • Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) - The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is the body that defines standard operating internet protocols such as TCP/IP.
  • Internet Protocol (IP) - The Internet Protocol (IP) is the method or protocol by which data is sent from one computer to another on the internet.
  • inverse-square law - The inverse-square law is a principle that expresses the way radiant energy propagates through space.
  • ion - An ion is an atom or group of atoms in which the number of electrons is different from the number of proton s.
  • IP address (Internet Protocol Address) - This definition is based on Internet Protocol Version 4.
  • IP core (intellectual property core) - An IP (intellectual property) core is a block of logic or data that is used in making a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) for a product.
  • IP telephony (Internet Protocol telephony) - IP telephony (Internet Protocol telephony) is a general term for technologies, products and services that use the Internet Protocol's packet-switched connections to support voice calling, voicemail, video calling, video conferencing, faxing and instant messaging.
  • IPsec (Internet Protocol Security) - IPsec (Internet Protocol Security) is a suite of protocols and algorithms for securing data transmitted over the internet or any public network.
  • IPTV (Internet Protocol television) - IPTV (Internet Protocol television) is a service that provides television programming and other video content using the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite, as opposed to broadcast TV, cable TV or satellite signals.
  • IPv6 (Internet Protocol Version 6) - IPv6 is a set of specifications from the Internet Engineering Task Force that improves IPv4 by extending IP addresses from 32 bits to 128 bits.
  • IPX (Internetwork Packet Exchange) - IPX (Internetwork Packet Exchange) is a networking protocol from Novell that interconnects networks that use Novell's NetWare clients and servers.
  • ISAE 3402 - ISAE (International Standards for Assurance Engagements) 3402 is a global assurance standard for reporting on controls at service organizations.
  • iSCSI (Internet Small Computer System Interface) - ISCSI is a transport layer protocol that describes how Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) packets should be transported over a TCP/IP network.
  • ISO (International Organization for Standardization) - ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies.
  • ISO 14000 and 14001 - ISO 14000 is a series of environmental management standards developed and published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for organizations.
  • ISO 22301 (International Organization of Standardization standard 22301) - International Organization of Standardization standard 22301 (ISO 22301) is a proposed standard that would call for meeting specific societal security requirements for disaster preparedness and business continuity management systems (BCMS).
  • ISO 9000 - ISO 9000 is a series of standards, developed and published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
  • ISO date format - The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) date format is a standard way to express a numeric calendar date that eliminates ambiguity.
  • ISO/IEC 17799: Code of Practice for Information Security Management - ISO/IEC 17799: Code of Practice for Information Security Management is a generic set of best practices for the security of information systems.
  • ISO/IEC 38500 - ISO/IEC 38500 is an international standard created to guide corporate governance of information technology (IT).
  • IT controls - An IT control is a procedure or policy that provides a reasonable assurance that the information technology (IT) used by an organization operates as intended, that data is reliable and that the organization is in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
  • IT Governance Institute (ITGI) - The IT Governance Institute (ITGI) is an arm of ISACA that provides research, publications and resources on IT governance and related topics.
  • ITAR and EAR compliance - The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) are two important United States export control laws that affect the manufacturing, sales and distribution of technology.
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