Browse Definitions :

A Timeline of Machine Learning History

Machine learning, an application of artificial intelligence (AI), has some impressive capabilities. A machine learning algorithm can make software capable of unsupervised learning. Without being explicitly programmed, the algorithm can seemingly grow "smarter," and become more accurate at predicting outcomes, through the input of historical data.

The History and Future of Machine Learning

Machine learning was first conceived from the mathematical modeling of neural networks. A paper by logician Walter Pitts and neuroscientist Warren McCulloch, published in 1943, attempted to mathematically map out thought processes and decision making in human cognition.

In 1950, Alan Turning proposed the Turing Test, which became the litmus test for which machines were deemed "intelligent" or "unintelligent." The criteria for a machine to receive status as an "intelligent" machine, was for it to have the ability to convince a human being that it, the machine, was also a human being. Soon after, a summer research program at Dartmouth College became the official birthplace of AI.

From this point on, "intelligent" machine learning algorithms and computer programs started to appear, doing everything from planning travel routes for salespeople, to playing board games with humans such as checkers and tic-tac-toe.

Intelligent machines went on to do everything from using speech recognition to learning to pronounce words the way a baby would learn to defeating a world chess champion at his own game. The infographic below shows the history of machine learning and how it grew from mathematical models to sophisticated technology.  

Machine learning history timeline
A timeline of major events in machine learning history. Click the image to view a clearer version.

Dig Deeper on Artificial intelligence

Networking
  • network management system

    A network management system, or NMS, is an application or set of applications that lets network engineers manage a network's ...

  • host (in computing)

    A host is a computer or other device that communicates with other hosts on a network.

  • Network as a Service (NaaS)

    Network as a service, or NaaS, is a business model for delivering enterprise WAN services virtually on a subscription basis.

Security
  • WebAuthn API

    The Web Authentication API (WebAuthn API) is a credential management application program interface (API) that lets web ...

  • Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS)

    The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is a public framework for rating the severity of security vulnerabilities in ...

  • Dridex malware

    Dridex is a form of malware that targets victims' banking information, with the main goal of stealing online account credentials ...

CIO
  • value stream management

    Value stream management is an emerging business process intended to gauge the flow of value into business resources and ...

  • audit program (audit plan)

    An audit program, also called an audit plan, is an action plan that documents what procedures an auditor will follow to validate ...

  • blockchain decentralization

    Decentralization is the distribution of functions, control and information instead of being centralized in a single entity.

HRSoftware
  • team collaboration

    Team collaboration is a communication and project management approach that emphasizes teamwork, innovative thinking and equal ...

  • employee self-service (ESS)

    Employee self-service (ESS) is a widely used human resources technology that enables employees to perform many job-related ...

  • learning experience platform (LXP)

    A learning experience platform (LXP) is an AI-driven peer learning experience platform delivered using software as a service (...

Customer Experience
  • Net Promoter Score (NPS)

    Net Promoter Score (NPS) is a metric that organizations use for assessing customer loyalty toward their brand, products or ...

  • B2C (business-to-consumer)

    B2C, or business-to-consumer, is a retail model where products or services move directly from a business to the end user who has ...

  • market segmentation

    Market segmentation is a marketing strategy that uses well-defined criteria to divide a brand's total addressable market share ...

Close